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wrought tool steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract Tool steels are a special class of alloys designed for tool and die applications. High-speed steels are a subset of tool steels designed to operate at high speeds. This chapter describes the composition, properties, heat treatment, and use of wrought and alloyed tool steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... resistance, toughness, and resistance to softening at elevated temperatures. Thus, there is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications ( Fig. 22.1 ). Fig. 22.1 Comparison of tool steel properties Most tool steels are wrought products that are generally melted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... or low-alloy nickel 11 6.3 Low-alloy special purpose tool steel 7.1–16 3.9–8.7 Pure Dysprosium (Dy) 9.3–13 5.2–7.2 Nickel molybdenum alloy steel 11–12 6.1–6.6 Pure Palladium (Pd) 11 6.3 Pure Thorium (Th) 11 6.4 Wrought iron 10–13 5.7–7.0 Oil-hardening cold work tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Compositions (wt%) of martensitic stainless steels Table 1 Compositions (wt%) of martensitic stainless steels Alloy UNS Form C Mn S Si Cr Mo Ni Other Other 403 S40300 Wrought 0.15 max 1 0.03 0.5 11.5-13.5 … … … … 410 S41000 Wrought 0.15 max 1 0.03 1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... common tool steels begin to soften) Possess unusually high dynamic shear strength Contain, in their microstructure, hard carbides that make superalloys abrasive Work harden during metal cutting Possess poor thermal diffusivity, which leads to high cutting tool lip temperatures Form a tough...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... heaven, the sponge could be hammered into shapes and was relatively strong. Spears, arrow tips, daggers, and other tools and weapons could be fabricated. The first iron to be developed was wrought iron. Wrought iron can readily be forged to shape. In fact, the term wrought means “to shape...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... is also reduced by the need for frequent clearing of the long, stringy chips that adhere to the tooling and finished surfaces. In drilling, accumulation of chips in the hole and around the drill can contribute to loss of tool life and process efficiency. Several grades of wrought stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...) Material Steel, stainless steel, brass, copper Steel, stainless steel Superalloys, titanium, stainless steel, tool steel Steel Part size (approximate part weight, steel) Good (<5 lbs) Fair (<¼ lbs) Excellent (5-5000 lbs) Good (<5 lbs) Shape complexity Good Excellent Very good...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... is usually less than 0.15% in aluminum alloys. Classifications and Designations Effects of Alloying Additions Properties of Wrought Alloys Properties of Cast Alloys Aluminum has a density of only 2.7 g/cm 3 , approximately 35% that of steel (7.83 g/cm 3 ) and 30% of copper (8.93 g/cm 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., aluminum is a better electrical conductor than copper. Its high thermal conductivity leads to applications such as radiators and cooking utensils. Its low density is important for hand tools and all forms of transportation, especially aircraft. Wrought aluminum alloys display a good combination of strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the similarities and differences of forging and forming processes used in the production of wrought superalloy parts. Although forming is rarely concerned with microstructure, forging processes are often designed with microstructure in mind. Besides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... to full density. Fig. 12 Microstructures of T15 tool steel. (a) Wrought. (b) Powder metallurgy processed. Source: Ref 4 After atomization, next in importance are chemical processes of powder production. These include reduction of oxides, precipitation from solution or from a gas, thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... deposition. It also compares and contrasts the properties of wrought, cast, and powder metal titanium products and discusses corrosion behaviors. corrosion resistance forgeability forming heat treatability machinability titanium alloys titanium castings weldability TITANIUM is a lightweight...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... microsegregation, large grains, and significant porosity, all of which lead to a reduction in mechanical properties. All three of these factors are improved by severe mechanical deformation, such as hot forging or rolling, so that wrought steels generally have improved mechanical properties over cast steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... and to 200 MPa (29,000 psi) for pure copper. Overall, copper alloys are mostly ductile in the wrought form and with the exception of beryllium copper, they do not compete with steels as structural components. They were used as tool materials and swords in the Bronze Age, but steels replaced them when...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... machinability magnesium alloys protective coating systems wrought magnesium alloys MAGNESIUM has the lowest density (1.74 g/cm 3 , or 0.063 lb/in. 3 ) of the common structural metals, with a density of approximately two-thirds that of aluminum and one-quarter that of steel. Although magnesium alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... the same as those of their wrought counterparts. Even tool steels are cast when, for example, a machine requires many small fingers or shapes to do a job. Sometimes, large forming dies are cast from tool steels just to save material cost and machining. One factor to keep in mind when using casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Model , J. Tribology , Vol 123 , 2001 , p 474 – 478 10.1115/1.1308023 16.4 Podgornik B. , Hogmark S. , and Sandberg O. , Proper Coating Selection for Improved Galling Performance of Forming Tool Steel , Wear , Vol 261 , 2006 , p 15 – 21 10.1016/j.wear.2005.09.005...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition, properties, and behaviors of copper and its alloys. It begins with an overview of the characteristics, applications, and commercial grades of wrought and cast copper. It then discusses the role of alloying, explaining how zinc, tin...