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wrought tool steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract Tool steels are a special class of alloys designed for tool and die applications. High-speed steels are a subset of tool steels designed to operate at high speeds. This chapter describes the composition, properties, heat treatment, and use of wrought and alloyed tool steels, high-speed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels. It...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... wear resistance, toughness, and resistance to softening at elevated temperatures. Thus, there is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications ( Fig. 22.1 ). Fig. 22.1 Comparison of tool steel properties Most tool steels are wrought products that are generally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... compared in Fig. 1 . This uniformity provides a very consistent response to heat treatment from piece to piece, with a decided improvement in properties, in addition to very predictable dimensional changes. Fig. 1 Extruded T15 tool steel. (a) Wrought. (b) Powder metallurgy PM. Notice the bands of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Galling Performance of Forming Tool Steel , Wear , Vol 261 , 2006 , p 15 – 21 10.1016/j.wear.2005.09.005 16.5 Constable C. , “Cost Reduction: By Improving Tool Life and Tool Performance,” Confederation of British Metalforming Event , 2008 16.6 Reiter A. , “Wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... ,” Trans. Am. Soc. Met. , Vol 27 , 1939 Selected References Smith C.S. , Ed., Sorby Centennial Symposium on the History of Metallurgy , Gordon and Breach Science Publishers , New York , 1963 The earliest record of making steel by melting wrought iron and carbon together is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition and classification of stainless steels and focuses on the processes involved in heat treatment and applications of these steels. The wrought and the cast stainless steels covered are ferritic, austenitic, duplex (ferritic-austenitic), martensitic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... manufacturers are also a source of valuable machining data. A typical guide from ASM is shown as Table 1 ( Ref 1 ). Table 1 Machining setup recommendations for turning wrought stainless steels Material Hardness, HB Condition Depth of cut (a) , in. High-speed steel tool Uncoated Coated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... charcoal or rice husks ( Ref 2.1 , 2.2 ). Similar processing in crucibles to produce small batches of steel for weapons and tools continued well into the nineteenth century. In Europe, carburized wrought iron was referred to as blister steel because of the appearance of blisters or scale on the steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... HAZ. High-carbon steelsteel that contains 0.60 to 2.00% C—has poor weldability because of the likelihood of formation of a hard, brittle martensite upon weld cooling. Steels of this type are used for springs, cutting tools, and abrasion-resistant applications. Low-hydrogen consumables and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... casting alloys wrought magnesium alloys commercially pure zinc zinc casting alloys wrought zinc alloys nominal composition MAGNESIUM has the lowest density (1.738 g/cm 3 , or 0.063 lb/in. 3 ) of the structural metals, with a density of approximately ⅔ that of aluminum and ¼ that of steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... machinability magnesium alloys protective coating systems wrought magnesium alloys MAGNESIUM has the lowest density (1.74 g/cm 3 , or 0.063 lb/in. 3 ) of the common structural metals, with a density of approximately two-thirds that of aluminum and one-quarter that of steel. Although magnesium alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... refinement during thermomechanical processing of wrought forms (plate, bar, sections, etc.). Microalloying and grain refinement are briefly described in this chapter, but most quench and tempered steels are the AISI-SAE types of low-alloy steels ( Table 1 ) or plain carbon steels with medium to high levels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... produce properties superior to those attainable with wrought alloys, for example, extended alloy solubility and improved formability, fatigue, and impact strength. Stainless steel powders used for injection molding are generally made by gas, water, hybrid gas-water, or centrifugal atomization. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... analysis case hardening powder metal steel components POWDER METALLURGY (PM) technology provides a cost-effective method of producing near-net shape products, especially when a large number of the same or similar products are required. While the initial powder used is expensive compared to wrought...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Also, note that the PH stainless steels at 43 HRC did not produce lower system wear than the soft austenite couples. The other metals in this study were some of the metal alloys that compete with stainless steels for use in tribosystems in corrosive atmospheres. Stellite 6, a wrought cobalt-base alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... ). Further efficiencies in processing are promised by thin strip casting ( Ref 9.2 , 9.3 ). While great improvements in steelmaking have accompanied the changes in casting, inclusions and variations in steel chemistry, although much reduced in scale, are a part of all as-cast and wrought steel products, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... low end of the hypoeutectoid steels (%C less than approximately 0.2), ferrite grains become the dominant component, with the pearlite distributed in various forms. Wrought steels often show a banded microstructure, with alternating bands of ferrite grains and pearlite grains aligned in the direction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...) is arguably the most versatile steelmaking tool presently in use. In recent decades, it also has become one of the most efficient. Some of the main advantages of the electric arc furnace are: High energy efficiency. Almost any type of steel can be produced in this furnace, because heating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... standard wrought product forms (sheet, strip, bar, plate, and structural shapes). The HSLA steels are an attractive alternative in structural applications because of their competitive price-per-yield strength ratios (generally, HSLA steels are priced from the base price of carbon steels but have higher...