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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast, 20× objective. (b) Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company) fabric composite cross section More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of programming various geometries using advanced software tools and discusses how various materials, such as rovings, tow-preg, prepreg tape, and woven materials, affect winding program generation. computer numerical controlled winding machines computer-aided manufacturing filament winding prepreg tape...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... and constituents of the matrix and composite material. Figure 14.1(a) shows a micrograph of an as-processed epoxy woven glass fabric composite with an epoxy surfacing film. In this image, there is no surface degradation. When the composite was subjected to a temperature of 204 °C (400 °F) for a period of time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... sizes help reduce labor costs because more material is deposited with each ply. However, large tow sizes in woven cloth can increase the chances of voids and matrix microcracking caused by larger resin pockets. 18.3 Product Form Selection A multitude of material product forms are used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... as well as physical and mechanical property data for commercially important high-strength fibers. aramid fibers carbon fibers composite reinforcement glass fibers graphite fibers prepreg ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers woven fabrics REINFORCEMENTS for composite materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and given a freestanding postcure at 177 °C (350 °F) for 2 h. The properties of both materials in both unidirectional and woven cloth form are essentially equivalent. However, two points must be made concerning these materials. First, because there is no autoclave pressure to suppress void formation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... and unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg. Voids were found mainly at the bottom of the lay-up and in the woven fabric prepreg, most likely due to lower resin pressure. Although most composite materials are cross sectioned through the thickness to determine the void content, more insight may be gained...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., or environmental resistance. The addition of woven fabric or different fiber materials may be combined to achieve the desired performance. Figure 7.6 shows a cross section of a composite part made with woven glass fabric prepreg and two different unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg materials. Using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... thermoplastic or thermoset resins combined with either discontinuous or continuous unidirectional fibers or woven fabrics ( Fig. 1.1a to 1.1c ). Typical reinforcements consist of glass, carbon, or aramid fibers, but other materials, such as boron, ceramic, and thermoplastic fibers, may also be used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... improvement in the viscosity of the epoxy. As with the preparation for all thermal spray coatings, sufficient material must be removed during the planar grinding stage to ensure that all sectioning damage has been removed. While all laboratories indicated a planar grinding step, one laboratory went as far...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... with the resin and removing excess resin and entrapped air. The laminate is built up layer by layer until the required thickness is obtained. E-glass is the most prevalent material, but S-2 glass, carbon, or aramid can be used where the improved properties justify the higher costs. Heavy glass woven rovings (500...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... a freestanding postcure at 350 °F (175 °C) for two hours. The properties of both materials in unidirectional and woven cloth form are essentially equivalent. However, two points need to be made concerning these materials. First, since there is no autoclave pressure to suppress void formation and since...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and uses of fiber-reinforced composites. It also describes the effect of volume fraction and fiber length. fiber length fiber-reinforced composites WITH COMPOSITE MATERIALS, combinations of properties can be achieved that could...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... for the first step of the polishing process. These surfaces have included woven, nonnap cloths as well as diamond lapping films. The use of a 9 μm diamond lapping film provides good results but is quite costly due to the ease with which these substrates tear during polishing of hybrid materials. Although...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
...) Medium resilience woven acetate cloth. Courtesy of Metcut Research Figure 13(c) High nap cloth. Courtesy of Metcut Research The disc rotation speed, process time and specimen loading required for the respective grinding and polishing steps for various classes of material are summarized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... adequate for those early devices but as device geometries, densities, and materials have evolved these techniques have also had to evolve. This guide will introduce new analysts to the methods of cross-sectioning semiconductor devices and provide a refresher for the more experienced analysts. Topics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article depicts typical fractographic features for a number of different composite materials, covering interlaminar and translaminar fracture characteristics in composite materials. fractography composites interlaminar fracture translaminar fracture FRACTURE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...-matrix composites chemical vapor infiltration directed metal oxidation hot pressing liquid silicon infiltration polymer infiltration reaction bonding sol-gel techniques MONOLITHIC CERAMIC MATERIALS contain many desirable properties, such as high moduli, high compression strengths, high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... thermoplastic composites THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE FABRICATION PROCESSES are discussed in this chapter. The three main areas covered are consolidation, thermoforming, and joining. The basics of thermoplastic composite materials were discussed in Chapter 3, “Matrix Resin Systems.” 6.1 Thermoplastic...