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wire rope

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Published: 01 October 2005
Fig. CH40.3 Wire rope impression imprinted on the spacer tube due to digging in of wire rope More
Image
Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 19 Fretting fatigue failure of steel wire rope after seawater service. Wire diameter was 1.5 mm (0.06 in.). See also Fig. 20 . Courtesy of R.B. Waterhouse, University of Nottingham More
Image
Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 3-9 Wire rope sockets [one weighing 7 lb (3 kg), the other, 750 lb (360 kg) subjected to static loading] More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... strands as evidenced by corrosion, pitting, small nicks, and rubbing. The wire rope had failed by tensile overload. Background The right wing control cable of an aircraft failed. The cable was made of seven strands of steel wire, each strand containing seven filaments. Visual Examination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... manufacturers how they identify such products. These are obvious markings. But there are also many hidden markings used by manufacturers, which they often do not readily reveal. One example is the wire rope industry. Some hemp center wire ropes have a single fiber wrapped with the group that reveals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the origin of the fatigue. The fatigue crack, once initiated at the boundary of the fretted zone, propagates into the surface at an angle to the surface ( Fig. 16 ). Other examples of the crack behavior are shown in Fig. 17 and 18 . Wire rope can fail by fretting fatigue. As the rope flexes, wire strands...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... little stress, can be made of suitably thin sections to produce strong, lightweight parts. The wire rope sockets of Figure 3-9 carry primarily static loads. They are produced from ASTM A148 Grade 90/60 cast steel. The small one weighs 7 lb (3 kg) and is for a 7/8 in. (22.2 mm) diameter wire rope...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... , An Improvement or Improvements in the Manufacture of Wire Rope , British Patent , 1856 15.33 Paris H. , Metallurgy, Processing and Applications of Metal Wires—A Review , Metallurgy, Processing and Applications of Metal Wires , Paris H.G. and Kim D.K. , Ed., TMS , Warrendale, PA...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... are for pearlite with the finest spacing that can be obtained on cooling, which was illustrated in Fig. 4.21 . Finer spacing can be obtained in pearlitic steels by mechanically deforming this pearlite to thin wire form and winding into cable. Such pearlitic steel cable is used in wire rope, which has tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.9781627083010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... from cars to appliances Wire, used in such products as bed springs, wire rope, nails, and wire fabric Structural shapes used in buildings and bridges Bars for forgings and machined parts, such as gears and bearings Steels powders are also produced for various applications, including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... one part to another via a loaded contact and in parts fastened or fitted together where there is a source of external vibration, for example, heat exchangers and bearing housings. Fretting-type failures are also found on chains, pulleys, and wire ropes. Base Material Fretting corrosion is most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract Drawing is a bulk deformation process that involves significant surface generation and high pressures. This chapter provides an overview of the mechanics and tribology of wire, bar, tube, and shape drawing. It presents important equations for calculating stresses, forces, friction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of blow molding is used to make containers of glass. When fibers of thermoplastics are stretched, the molecules become aligned and the fibers become very strong and resist being stretched any further. Once the fibers have been stretched, or drawn , they are strong enough for use in textiles and rope...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... for insulating wires, molded parts, and as a lacquer. Molecular Configuration Linear polymers may be either amorphous or crystalline, or may contain both amorphous and crystalline regions. One may think of the molecules in amorphous regions of a polymer as being like cooked spaghetti. In crystalline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... tensile and yield strengths, or they can be cold drawn as wire to extremely high strengths (without brittleness). Many of the Earth’s wonder bridges are suspension bridges held up by steel wire ropes. High compressive strength is needed to carry the significant Hertzian stresses encountered in rolling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... at relatively high speed. In drawing steel or aluminum wire, for instance, exit speeds greater than 1000 m/min (more than 3000 ft/min) are commonplace. Industry uses cold working to strengthen semifinished products such as wire. Wire used in steel ropes and cables is made by cold drawing steel of controlled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... the two panels together, as shown in Fig. 12.12 . The inner panel is typically thicker than the outer, and the outer panel is bent over to form either a rope hem or a flat hem ( Fig. 12.12 ). The latter is preferred because it creates a uniform finish with a panel that can be closely aligned...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... to corrosion Decorative aspects (with or without surface treatment) Castings or forgings Formed sheet Impact extrusions Extruded sections Wire and cable Transport 1 … 2 2 2 2 … 2 … … Building 2 … 2 1 … 2 … 2 … … Packaging 3 3 1 1 … … 2 … … 2 Electrical 3 1 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... special properties. Forms of Lead The malleability of lead (and most of its alloys) allows it to be rolled to any desired thickness. Lead is extruded in the forms of pipe, rod, wire, and practically any cross section, such as H-shape window frames, hollow stars, rectangular ducts, and so on. Common...