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wing skin panels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...-magnesium (2 xxx ) alloys, artificial aging to the T6 or T8 condition provides improved resistance. Exfoliation corrosion has a long history in connection with airframe deterioration. A number of common examples are given here. Riveted or Bolted Structures Stabilizer Bracket Wing Box Lower Panel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... Documented case histories of filiform corrosion of various components include the following. Fuselage Skins Areas around Steel Fasteners Lower Wing Skin Pylon Tank Aluminum is widely used for cans and other types of packaging. Aluminum foil is routinely laminated to paperboard...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... such as wing skins. Since many common tooling materials, such as aluminum and steel, expand at greater rates than the carbon/epoxy part being cured on them, it is necessary to correct their size or compensate for the differences in thermal expansion. As the tool heats up during cure, it grows or expands...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... for mechanically fastened composite structures is afforded by the use of diagrams like those shown in Fig. 17.18 . These charts can safely cover all of the relatively lightly loaded fasteners, such as skin-to-spar and skin-to-rib joints on wings, leaving only the few major load transfer splices requiring more...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... Future? ” Aviation Week , Jan 19 , 1954 , p 16 – 17 • “ What’s Wrong with the Comet? ” Business Week , April 17 , 1954 , p 27 – 28 • “ Why the Jets’ Skin ruptured ,” Business Week , Nov 6 , 1954 , p 121 – 124 Background Details of the Disaster Impact Case History...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... Source: Ref 1 Fig. 15.16 Lightning strike zones on commercial airliners. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 15.17 Lightning strike on wing. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 15.18 Lightning strike damage of carbon/epoxy laminate Fig. 15.19 Compression strength versus aging time for PMR-15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... of reaching the critical crack size is slim, even when a bundle of nearby fibers are cracked. An unbroken fiber adjacent to a cracked matrix is analogous to a skin-stringer structure, where the stringer (attached to the skin panel) helps to suppress crack opening of the skin. However, PMCs are highly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... schematic Fig. 5.13 Principle of autoclave curing Fig. 5.14 Typical production autoclave Fig. 5.53 Schematic of the resin film infusion (RFI) process. Source: Ref 16 Fig. 5.54 Integral wing cover panel fabricated by the resin film infusion (RFI) process. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...-in thermal strains from elevated-temperature curing. These strains can be large, and large panels fixed at their edges can buckle due to the swelling strains. During freeze-thaw cycles, the absorbed moisture expands during freezing and can crack the matrix. During thermal spikes, absorbed moisture can turn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... ): Equipment: special creep forming presses Materials: aluminum and titanium Process Variations: age forming, hot die forming Application: forming of parts for the aerospace industry; forming of airplane wing skins Fig. 2.24 Creep forming Age Forming In this process, panels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
.... Their good skin compatibility as well as their visual appearance makes extruded titanium alloys useful as the starting material for the manufacture of glass frames and watch housings. For the same reason, titanium alloys are used for the manufacture of implants and surgical tools [ Mec 80 , Alp 94...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 54,700 B-1B/(4)F101-GE-102 90,402 199,300 KG-10/CF-6-50 32,206 71,000 CH-53E/(3) T-64 8,800 19,400 CH-60/(2) T-700 2,041 4,500 S-76/(2) A11.250 544 1,200 AH-64/(2) T-700 635 1,400 (a) Typical uses are A-10 ballistic armament; structural forgings and wing skins for F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... with the shortest length ply nearest the exterior faces of the laminate. Shop tolerance for drop-offs should be 0.04 in. Minimizes load introduction into the ply drop-off creating interlaminar shear stresses. Promotes a smooth contour. Minimizes stress concentration. 27. Skin ply drop-offs should not occur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... name Material temperature capability, °C (°F) (a) Material composition Areas of orbiter Reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) to 1650 (3000) Pyrolized carbon-carbon, coated with SiC Nose cone, wing leading edges, forward external tank separation panel High-temperature reusable surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... and sealing surface valve actuator body repair application (TD-3, U.S. Navy), using cold-sprayed aluminum on steel. (b) Airframe-mounted accessory drive housing repair buildup. Source: Ref 11.14 Fig. 11.8 (a and b) Repair of a B-1 bomber nonstructural component. (a) Skin panel for wear at fastener...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and causes the matrix to swell, which relieves locked-in thermal strains from elevated-temperature curing. These strains can be large, and large panels fixed at their edges can buckle due to strains caused by swelling. During freeze-thaw cycles, absorbed moisture expands during freezing, which can crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., achieves high strength through a section several times thicker than could be achieved with Ti-6Al-4V. Titanium alloys extruded into L-, T-, and Z-shaped sections are commonly used as stiffening elements and wing panel members. Because titanium extrusions lack the dimensional accuracy and surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., hardware, hospital and medical equipment, kitchen equipment, name plates, and marine applications 5052 Stronger than 3003 yet readily formable in the intermediate tempers. Good weldability and resistance to corrosion. Uses include pressure vessels, fan blades, tanks, electronic panels, electronic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... procedure to change the shape of metal parts, for example: Shot peening or laser peening can be used to form convex surfaces on relatively thin metal, such as aluminum sheet used for the skin of aircraft wings. This process is called peen forming. Long panels of aluminum are shot peened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... plants : bolts, blades, stack gas reheaters Reciprocating engines : turbochargers, exhaust valves, hot plugs, valve seat inserts Metal processing : hot-work tools and dies, casting dies Medical applications : dentistry uses, prosthetic devices Space vehicles : aerodynamically heated skins...