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white cast irons

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and applications. abrasion resistance high-alloy white iron Composition Selected References • Metallurgy and Properties of High-Alloy White Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM International , 1996 , p 107 – 127 • Foundry Practice...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effect of composition and cooling rate on the microstructure and properties of cast irons and explains how they differ from steel. It describes the conditions under which white, gray, mottled (chilled), and nodular (ductile) cast irons are produced, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., Sn, Mo, and Mn) promote the formation of cementite. This chapter examines the relative potencies of these alloys and their effect on microstructure. It covers the five most common commercial cast irons, including white, gray, ductile, malleable, and compacted graphite, describing their compositional...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, microstructure, grain formation, and fracture behavior of gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast iron and how these critical factors are affected when iron is heated to different temperatures prior to or during solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of cast irons. It describes the microstructure and metallurgy of gray, white, malleable, and ductile cast irons, their respective tensile properties, and their suitability for applications involving friction, various types of erosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable cast iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... stress relieving surface hardening THE TERM CAST IRON as covered in this chapter includes gray iron, white iron, ductile iron, and malleable irons. The use of malleable irons has been gradually decreasing in favor of ductile irons. Because the heat treatment of malleable iron is done largely by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... , Vol 4D , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 522 – 526 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969 • Heat Treating of High-Alloy White Cast Irons , Heat Treating of Irons and Steels , Vol 4D , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 527 – 535 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988 • Heat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article explains how malleable iron is produced and how its microstructure and properties differ from those of gray and ductile iron. Malleable iron is first cast as white iron then annealed to convert the iron carbide into irregularly shaped graphite particles called temper...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of spheroidal graphite in a matrix of acicular ferritic plates (dark) and interplate austenitic (white) As the matrix microstructure is progressively varied from ferrite to ferrite plus pearlite, to pearlite plus ferrite, to pearlite, to pearlite plus martensite, and finally to martensite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Properties of Pearlitic Gray Irons at 600 to 850 °F (315 to 455 °C),” Internal report, Climax Molybdenum Co. 13. White D.G. , Growth and Scaling Characteristics of Cast Irons with Undercooled and Normal Flake Graphite , BCIRA J. , Vol 11 , 1963 , p 223 – 230 14. Gilbert G.N.J...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... layers “A” through “E” are shown at higher magnification in Fig. 3.32 . 2% nital and 4% picral etch. 40× In Fig. 3.31 , one can see many distinct microstructural zones from the carburized surface inward. The actual outer surface zone consists of retained austenite, appearing as the white...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... fracture occurs easily along the graphite flakes. The name gray cast iron comes from the appearance of the fracture surfaces, which are almost entirely graphite. Fig. 7.11 Microstructure of gray cast iron. The black flakes are graphite, the white areas are ferrite, and the grey areas are pearlite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... machining. When magnesium chips ignite, they burn with a brilliant white light. Magnesium alloys are welded by gas-shielded arc welding processes, primarily gas tungsten arc welding and gas metal arc welding. Magnesium alloy filler wires are used along with argon or helium inert gas. The weld beads...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... the iron-cementite phase diagram, and silicon, aluminum, nickel, and copper would favor the iron-graphite phase diagram. Thus, proper control of these elements is essential if one desires a gray cast iron or a white cast iron. Just as important as composition is the cooling rate during solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... example, if the steel is cooled to and held at 315 °C (600 °F), transformation does not begin for well over 1 min. It must be remembered that all of the white area to the left of line P s B s represents the austentic phase, although it is highly unstable. When transformation takes place isothermally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter provides a practical understanding of heat treatments and how to employ them to optimize the properties and structures of cast irons and steels. It discusses annealing, normalizing, quenching, tempering, patenting, carburizing, nitriding, carbonitriding, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...-quenched martensite (white appearance) can add to the difficulty of distinguishing the manganese sulfide inclusions. Fig. 8.2 (a) As-polished specimen of AISI/SAE 1080 steel showing manganese sulfide inclusions and (b) same area etched in 4% picral. In the etched condition, martensite (arrows) and...