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white cast iron

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... or ductile cast iron Nodular graphite F, P, A Solidification or heat treatment Compacted graphite iron, GGI, or vermicular graphite iron, VG or GGV Compacted or vermicular graphite F, P Solidification White cast irons Cementite P, M Solidification and heat treatment (stress relief...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., V, Cr, Sn, Mo, and Mn) promote the formation of cementite. This chapter examines the relative potencies of these alloys and their effect on microstructure. It covers the five most common commercial cast irons, including white, gray, ductile, malleable, and compacted graphite, describing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, microstructure, grain formation, and fracture behavior of gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast iron and how these critical factors are affected when iron is heated to different temperatures prior to or during...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discusses composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article explains how malleable iron is produced and how its microstructure and properties differ from those of gray and ductile iron. Malleable iron is first cast as white iron then annealed to convert the iron carbide into irregularly shaped graphite particles called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of cast irons. It describes the microstructure and metallurgy of gray, white, malleable, and ductile cast irons, their respective tensile properties, and their suitability for applications involving friction, various types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... at a magnification of 100×. They have been reduced to one-third size for reproduction here. Fig. 1.26 Micrograph of a white cast iron showing a microstructure consisting of pearlite (gray etching constituent), cementite (light etching constituent), and ledeburite (regions of rounded clusters). Etched in 4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloy grades and applications. abrasion resistance high-alloy white iron Composition Introduction and Overview Effects of Alloying Elements and Inoculants Selected References Selected References • Metallurgy and Properties of High-Alloy White Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... A drawing of a dendrite Fig. 2.54 Plate martensite transformation in the primary austenite dendrites of an alloy (Ni-Hard) white cast iron (2.95% C, 0.63% Mn, 0.73% Si, 3.08% Ni, and 2.17% Cr). 4% picral etch. 500× Fig. 2.55 Additional formation of plate martensite in the same sample...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... because fracture occurs easily along the graphite flakes. The name gray cast iron comes from the appearance of the fracture surfaces, which are almost entirely graphite. Fig. 7.11 Microstructure of gray cast iron. The black flakes are graphite, the white areas are ferrite, and the grey areas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... 0.8 0.20 0.10 … White cast iron 2.0–3.5 (all combined) 0.5–1.5 0.5 0.2–0.4 0.10 … Malleable cast iron 2.3 1.0 0.4 0.20 0.10 … Ductile cast iron Ferrite 3.5 2.5 0.2 0.05 0.01 0.04 Mg Pearlitic 3.5 2.5 0.4 0.05 0.01 0.04 Mg...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... martensite in an AISI/SAE 8630 steel bar. 2% nital etch. (a) 500× and (b) 1500× Fig. 3.22 Microstructure of a white cast iron. Light etching constituent is cementite, and the darker etching constituent is pearlite. The small pearlite globules surrounded by cementite in the center of the micrograph...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... irons (such as ASTM International A536, grade 60-45-10 up to grade 120-90-02) can similarly be used for lubricated sliding wear against hardened steel. The abrasion resistance of these cast irons is commensurate with their hardness, and the white cast irons have very good abrasion resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... is most important in cast irons that contain graphite, and the second one in white cast irons. The eutectic reaction is named after the Greek word eutektos , meaning easy melting. When the alloy composition is not exactly equal to the eutectic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...) phases. One must therefore be very careful in interpreting these metallographic sections. For example, Fig. 5.15 shows a longitudinal section of a directionally-solidified (DS) lamellar eutectic (white cast iron) covering two different grains. Despite their different appearances, the two grains have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... (Sm) 7.9–21 4.4–12 Pure Erbium (Er) 13–16 7.0–9.0 Nickel chromium silicon gray cast iron 14 7.8 Tungsten alloys 14–15 7.7–8.4 Beryllium alloys 12–18 6.7–10 Manganese alloy steel 10–20 5.6–11 Iron alloys 9.7–19 5.4–11 Proprietary alloy steel 15 8.5 White cast...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... on the Pitting Fatigue of 8620 Steel,” Paper 720268 , Society of Automotive Engineers , 1972 10.4271/720268 46. Gahrzum K.H. and Scholz W.G. , Fracture Toughness of White Cast Irons , J. Met. , Oct 1980 , p 38 10.1007/BF03354538 47. Sagaradze V.S. , Effect of Heat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... an electroslag-remelted tool steel billet revealed a well-developed ring pattern and a few randomly dispersed pits. (Courtesy of M. H. Lasonde, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) Figure 1-17 Dendrites observed on a broken section of cast iron. Figure 1-18 a Flow lines in closed-die-forged AISI 4140...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... , p 508 – 521 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005937 • Heat Treatment of Malleable and Compacted-Graphite Irons , Heat Treating of Irons and Steels , Vol 4D , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 522 – 526 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969 • Heat Treating of High-Alloy White Cast Irons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2