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weld defects

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... material transfer ceases. The technique creates a minimal weld pool and is viable in many orientations. It is a low-heat process suitable for thin material but may cause lack of penetration defects if used for thick-section welding. For all GMAW processes, excessive protrusion of the wire should be...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Abstract Arc welding applies to a large and diversified group of welding processes that use an electric arc as the source of heat to melt and join metals. This chapter provides a detailed overview of specific arc welding methods: shielded metal arc welding, flux cored arc welding, submerged arc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... welding techniques, defect prevention, fixturing, heat treatments, and general practices, including the use of filler metals. It also discusses several solid-state welding methods, superplastic forming, and transient liquid phase bonding, a type of diffusion welding process. The chapter includes extensive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... stir-welded joints were 60% stronger than comparable riveted or resistance spot-welded joints. The stir-welded joint does not demonstrate many of the defects encountered in normal fusion welding, and the distortion is significantly less. A typical weld joint ( Fig. 6.20 ) contains a well-defined...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... stress concentration weld defects welded joints FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material by melting a portion of each and allowing the liquefied portions to solidify together. One distinguishing feature of all fusion welding processes is the intensity of the heat source used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract Failure analysis of steel welds may be divided into three categories. They include failures due to design deficiencies, weld-related defects usually found during inspection, and failures in field service. This chapter emphasizes the failures due to various discontinuities in the steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... similar-metal welds and are left in the as-welded condition. However, removing the excess penetration of the weld root eliminates possible defects that may be present in the root of the joint, and it eliminates notches and crevices associated with backing rings. Removing the weld root also improves the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.../Incomplete penetration Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) Porosity Incomplete fusion/Incomplete penetration Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) Porosity The commonly encountered inclusions, as well as cracking, the most serious of weld defects, will be discussed in this section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... examining the various joining processes, namely fusion welding, solid-state welding, brazing, soldering, mechanical fastening, and adhesive bonding. In addition, it provides information on several design considerations related to the joining process and selection of the appropriate process for joining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... standpoint, is often deliberately kept at moderate levels (0.008 to 0.015%) for tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding penetration (see Chapter 17 ) and at high levels (0.15%+) for machinability (see Chapter 15 ). These trade-offs, which are beneficial to processors, should be viewed with skepticism by end users...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the melting and conversion of superalloys and the solidification challenges they present. Superalloys have high solute content which can lead to untreatable defects if they solidify too slowly. These defects, called freckles, are highly detrimental to fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... effect of coating and welding processes. chemical composition creep-rupture properties microstructure physical properties precipitation hardening superalloys tensile properties solution heat treatment directional solidification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract Leaks can occur as the result of several failure causes. This chapter reviews the causes, features, and impact of various types of leaks, namely gasket leaks, O-ring leaks, bond-joint leaks, weld leaks, polyvinyl chloride leaks, valve leaks, and structural leaks. bond-joint leaks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... performance of the design process of a component. A heat-transfer model, coupling with a phase transformation model, a thermomechanical model, and a thermochemical model, is also considered. The chapter further provides information on the failure aspects of and heat treatment procedures applied to welded...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... referred to as hardfacing, offer unique advantages over other coating systems in that the overlay/substrate weld provides a metallurgical bond that is not susceptible to spallation and can be applied free of porosity or other defects. Welded deposits of surface alloys can be applied in thicknesses greater...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloying elements and how they influence strength, ductility, hardness, and corrosion resistance. It also addresses processing issues, explaining how alloying and intermetallic phases affect forming, welding, and machining operations. alloying elements corrosion resistance forming intermetallic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... article also explains how primary alloying elements affect corrosion and wear behaviors and how they influence fabrication processes such as forming, forging, welding, brazing, and soldering. alloying elements aluminum alloys corrosion behavior wear behavior Composition Cast aluminum alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... may make repair welding more difficult. The pressure testing of rough (unmachined) castings at the foundry may not reveal any leaks, but it must be recognized that subsequent machining operations on the casting may cut into porous areas and cause the casting to leak after machining. Minor seepage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... , 22] will require additional operations inside the FIB chamber with a combination of sample tilt, lift-out, weld and cut, and/or rotation operations to achieve the final geometry to allow milling of a thin section parallel to the surface of the die. The FIB milling procedures used for TEM sample...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... drawing tolerances for the part and design information such as safety factors. Once a decision is made, it is necessary to determine if welding repair is necessary or if the part can be used as is, with the defects ground out. Welds may cause a new set of problems. If the weld can be avoided, feather...