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water-soluble oils

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... of Quenchants Comparison of Quenchant Curves Quenching Methods Selection of Quenchant Methods of Reducing Contamination of Quenchants Vapor Blanket Stage Boiling Stage Convection Stage Water Brine-Based Quenching Systems Soluble Oil Quenchants Oil Quenching Polymer Quenches...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... not react with the metal and that it does not dry out and allow dust to form. The coolant and/or cutting oil should be washed off in a solvent, and the machined part should be dried. To prevent corrosion, distilled or deionized water should be used for mixing with water-soluble oils, which are the preferred...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...-setting guage used in plunge grooving (dimensions in inches) Water-soluble oils in mixtures of 1 part oil with 20 to 40 parts water are most frequently used in turning superalloys. Water-based chemical emulsions have also proved acceptable. Supplying a constant flood of cutting fluid to the cutting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... of the contact line. Water-soluble oils, particularly highly chlorinated and sulfochlorinated oils, also have been successful as lubricants. These compounds should be used with care because of the possibility that chloride residues remain as an integral part of the surface. Both types of lubricants improve...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Wheel A46K8V Wheel speed, m/min (ft/min) 1800 (6000) Cross feed, mm/pass (in.pass) 1.25 (0.050) Table speed, m/min (ft/min) 12 (40) Depth of grind, mm (in.) 0.25 (0.010) Grinding fluid Soluble oil (1:20) Specimen size, mm (in.) 1.5 × 19 × 108 (0.060 × ¾ × 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... , Oil Field Corrosion Inhibitors Evaluated by Film Persistency Test , Mater. Prot. , Vol 2 , Aug 1963 , p 18 – 23 71. Nathan C.C. , Correlations of Oil-Soluble, Water Dispersible Corrosion Inhibitors in Oil Field Fluids , Corrosion , Vol 18 ( No. 8 ), Aug 1962 , p 282T – 285T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... with aerated brine 120 mV ∞ 52 mV Anodic process activation, cathodic diffusion, controlled (anodic slope different); commonly observed with oil/water mixtures ∞ ∞ ∞ Severe anodic and cathodic diffusion limiting; commonly observed in condensing vapor phase conditions Note: B = β a β c /2.3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... overhead X X Pre-fractionator overhead X X Effluent X X Debutanizer overhead X X Depropanizer overhead X X Hydrogen stripper feed X … Hydrogen scrubber water … X Source: ( Ref 2 ) The refining of crude oil into useful fuels and other products produces a number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... Analysis of deposits in terms of percent water soluble collected from the corrosion probe at metal temperatures of 475–675 °C (890–1250 °F) at 0.4% boiler oxygen in a utility boiler fired with fuel oil containing 2.65% S, 49 ppm V, and 44 ppm Na Table 11.1 Analysis of deposits in terms of percent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
..., or natural polymers, such as palm oil, carnauba wax, or beeswax. Formulations are customized to the shaping process and may employ the addition of water, solvents, and surfactants. For example, in the case of powder injection molding, the binders are thermoplastic polymeric materials (relying on a mixture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... • Bortzmeyer D. , Langguth G. , and Orange G. , Fracture Mechanics of Green Products , J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 11 , 1993 , p 9 – 16 10.1016/0955-2219(93)90053-T • Cao M.Y. , O’Connor J.W. , and Chung C.J. , A New Water Soluble Solid Polymer Solution Binder for Powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... and naphthenic oils are examples of these lubricants. Soluble Oils: Soluble oils contain emulsifiers that allow the dilution of the oils into water. These oils are referred as preformed emulsions. These oils are normally mixed with water at a dilution ratio of 10 to 50%. Semisynthetics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... must be equipped with a means for ensuring that no water comes into contact with the magnesium. Fig. 3.10 (a) Hot and (b) cold chamber die casting Die casting is by far the most common production method, accounting for ~70% of the magnesium used. Typical automotive parts are shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Hideout Congruent Phosphate Treatment Equilibrium Phosphate Treatment Chelants are low-molecular-weight compounds capable of forming water-soluble complexes. Ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and nitrile triacetic acid (NTA) are widely used chelating agents for the internal treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... in water so the excess penetrant can be removed by water rinsing. Therefore, the emulsification time must be carefully controlled so the surface penetrant becomes water soluble but penetrant in the flaws does not. Postemulsifiable penetrants include lipophilic (oil base) and hydrophilic (water base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation • D 4627, Test Method for Iron Chip Corrosion for Water Soluble Metalworking Fluids • D 4636, Test Method for Corrosiveness and Oxidation Stability of Hydraulic Oils, Aircraft Turbine Engine Lubricants, and Other Highly Refined Oils • E 712...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in Ref 2 and 3 . For most commercial steels, the avoidance of hydrogen-induced cold cracking is based on the control of hydrogen ( Ref 1 ). The sources of hydrogen (water, oils, greases, waxes, and rust that contains hydrogen or hydrates) should be eliminated. The hydrogen potential also can...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... beer with ice contains three phases: solid ice, a water-based solution, and bubbles of carbon dioxide. A material may contain more than one solid phase, each with a different crystal structure, or one or more mutually insoluble liquid phases (for example, oil and water). All gases are mutually soluble...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... for aluminum alloys containing 7% Al and varying amounts of magnesium Fig. 7.3 Midplane cooling rates for varying water quench temperatures and aluminum alloy casting thicknesses Fig. 7.4 Tensile properties of end-chilled A356-T6 at different quench temperatures. 0.75 in. (19 mm) thick test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7