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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes how ultrasonic testing came to be a viable method for evaluating intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in large-diameter stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor service. Intergranular SCC can be difficult to detect using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosive environments can be broadly classified as atmospheric, underground/soil, water, acidic, alkaline, and combinations of these. Complicating matters is the fact that there are important variables, for example, pH, temperature, and the presence of biological organisms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... as a result of the proton reduction processes that may occur in the acidified localized corrosion sites. In the case of high-temperature water environments, SCC has been observed near the metal/metal-oxide boundary, suggesting that the formation of the metal oxide is an important factor in SCC. Evolution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of investigation, showing that IASCC can essentially be defined as the intergranular cracking of austenitic alloys in high-temperature water, where both the material and its environment have been altered by radiation. Of the many interactions that can occur when metals and water are exposed to radiation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... their corrosion behavior. It begins by presenting several experimentally derived polarization curves for iron, comparing and contrasting them with the iron-water Pourbaix diagram. It then explains how anodic polarization is extremely sensitive to the environment and, as a result, a reasonably complete curve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... plants. The emphasis in this chapter, as well as in other chapters in this book, is on aqueous corrosion, or corrosion in environments where water is present. The chapter describes the classification of various forms of corrosion based on the nature of the corrodent, mechanism of corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... concentrations at flaw tips. As a result, even relatively small flaws (20 to 50 μm in radius) can cause glasses and ceramics to fail. This chapter examines the propensity of flaws to grow in glass and ceramic materials exposed to different environments, especially water, at stresses well below those that would...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., water, and oxygen are simultaneously present. There are two types of bacteria: those that grow in oxygen containing environments are called aerobic bacteria and those that grow in oxygen-deficient environments are known as anaerobic bacteria. Aerobic bacteria act by creating differential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... corrosion and how it is influenced by crevice geometry and operating environment. The discussion covers the most common forms of crevice corrosion, including water staining, poultice corrosion, and filiform corrosion, along with related testing and prevention methods. References References 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., %, during exposure of indicated length in environment type Seacoast (a) Industrial (b) Rural (c) 6 mo l yr 2 yr 5 yr 6 mo 1 yr 2 yr 5 yr 6 mo l yr 2 yr 5 yr 2024-T351 33 46 52 70 6 9 13 20 1 2 5 11 2024-T851 20 25 26 28 2 5 6 11 0 0 0 6 5456-H116 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... S) environments, including alkaline sour water. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide stress cracking (SSC), hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC), stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking (SOHIC), hydrogen embrittlement cracking (HEC), stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... 260 °C (500 °F) in the presence of water High-temperature (nonaqueous) corrosion occurring above approximately 205 °C (400 °F) in the presence of liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons In this section, emphasis is placed on low-temperature aqueous corrosion in H 2 S-containing environments. Sour...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., in which general corrosion predominates ( Ref 9.7 , 9.15 ). Air Environments Water Environments Aqueous Solutions Cathodic Polarization Anodic Polarization The susceptibility of magnesium alloys to SCC has been found to increase with increasing temperature during tests in atmospheric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-temperature water SCC usually denotes SCC in simulated nuclear boiling water reactor (BWR) and nuclear pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant environments. The term irradiation-assisted SCC refers to SCC in nuclear power station core components that are subjected to heavy doses of radiation within...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... shielding of the reactor core and withdrawing plasma heat power, ITER ( Fig. 4.7 ) is equipped with internal shields, the so-called first wall. The blanket wall is a prefabricated structure consisting of water-cooling panels on fixed supporting stainless steel frames. These panels are three-layer composite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... such environments have been identified; Table 7.1 shows that cracking of various copper-base alloys can be caused by a variety of species, including sulfates, nitrates, nitrites, chloride-containing species, and even pure water. Environments reported to cause stress-corrosion cracking of copper-base alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 34.5 and 138 MPa (5000 and 20,000 psi). Additionally, oil and gas production from reservoirs under deep ocean waters must enter submarine production pipelines and related equipment. The production environment is quickly cooled from the high temperatures mentioned previously to near freezing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of stagnant liquid water and potentially can manifest as multiphase corroding environments. Such zones in a pipeline system, which are the first to experience water accumulation, are most susceptible to internal corrosion. Identifying and inspecting such critical zones reduces the effort in inspecting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... acid Combinations of alloys and environments subject to selective leaching Table 15.4 Combinations of alloys and environments subject to selective leaching Alloy Environment Element removed Brasses Many waters, especially under stagnant conditions Zinc (dezincification) Gray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., inhibitors added to the environment work best in closed systems that can be monitored. For example, the antifreeze that is added to water in a car radiator contains corrosion inhibitors. It is important to change the antifreeze according to the manufacturer’s instructions, because the inhibitors become...