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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter examines the stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) failure of stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor (BWR) service. It explains where most of the failures have occurred and provides relevant details about the materials of construction, fabrication techniques...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter describes how ultrasonic testing came to be a viable method for evaluating intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in large-diameter stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor service. Intergranular SCC can be difficult to detect using nondestructive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of corrosion on boiler tube surfaces exposed to water and steam. It describes the process of corrosion, the formation of scale, and the oxides of iron from which it forms. It addresses the primary types of corrosion found in boiler environments...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Water chemistry is a factor in nearly all boiler tube failures. It contributes to the formation of scale, biofilms, and sludge, determines deposition rates, and drives the corrosion process. This chapter explains how water chemistry is managed in boilers and describes the effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract The water-hardening steels are either essentially plain carbon steels or very low-alloy carbon steels. As a result, the water-hardening tool steels are the least expensive of tool steels and require strict control of processing and heat treatment to achieve good properties...
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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 5.23 Crack growth rate in pressurized water reactor (PWR) primary water simulant as a function of nickel content and temperature. Source: Ref 5.101 More
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Published: 01 August 2015
Fig. 3.8 Calcium-clogged water paths due to high-conductivity water. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.2 Same water and water/steam circulation in the furnace waterwall tubes as in Fig. 10.1 with illustration of the furnace waterwall tubes. Source: Ref 1 . Courtesy of Babcock & Wilcox More
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 15 Sectional views of conventional (non-water-cooled) and water-cooled cupolas. The conventional type shown is refractory lined. Water-cooled types incorporate either an enclosed jacket or an open cascade flow. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 5.29 Water atomization system. (a) Various stages of the water atomization process. (b) Large-scale system (1,000 to 100,000 tons/year) More
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Published: 01 June 2007
Fig. 3.1 Examples of water-atomized stainless steel powder. SEM of (a) water-atomized 409L powder, (b) water-atomized 316 stainless powder of high apparent density (slightly more rounded edges); original magnified 100 times More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 26.3 Effect of water concentration in a carbon dioxide-water mixture on the oxidation of beryllium at 650 °C (1200 °F). The total pressure of the tests was kept at 11.2 atm. Source: Phennah et al. 1963 More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 7.10 Pure titanium bar. Serrated alpha structure produced by water quenching after heating the bar at 1010 °C (1850 °F), which is above beta transus, for ½ h. Etchant: 10%HF-5%HNO 3 . Original magnification: 500× More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 7.12 Pure titanium bar. Acicular alpha structure produced by water quenching after heating at 1010 °C (1850 °F) for ½ h. Etchant: 10%HF-5%HNO 3 . Original magnification: 250× More
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Published: 01 August 2005
Fig. 5.64 Crack growth in X-65 line pipe steel exposed to air and 3.5% salt water with a superimposed cathodic potential. Source: Ref 5.79 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 11.2 Abrasive water jet trimming machine tool. Source: The Boeing Company More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 12.14 Water in the core detected by radiography More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 12.18 Infrared detection of water in a honeycomb assembly More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 15.3 Water attachment to molecular structure. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 1.16 Potential-pH Pourbaix diagram for iron in water at 25 °C (77 °F). A decrease in pH from 9 to 6 at potential of −0.2 V , which shifts iron from a region of stability to one of active corrosion, is indicated by the solid bar. More