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vulcanization

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... matrix, compounding, specimen preparation, specimen type, vulcanization parameters, and temperature. The chapter also provides information on ASTM D 412, the most widely referenced standard for determining the tensile properties of elastomers. elastomers tensile testing ELASTOMERS comprise...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... molecular chains. Rubber is vulcanized with sulfur to form cross-links between polyisoprene molecules ( Fig. 9.8 ). The hardness of the rubber increases with the number of cross-links. Fig. 9.8 Cross-linking of rubber molecules by sulfur. Source: Ref 9.1 Sometimes there is more than one...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... cross-linked by vulcanization, recycled rubber cannot be molded into new shapes. However, shredded rubber often is added to concrete or used in mats. It is estimated that recycling of glass saves 50% of the energy that is used to make new glass from sand and limestone, and generates 20% less air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... , p 361 – 368 10.1016/S0924-0136(02)00321-7 15.4 Hengelhaupt J. and Vulcan M. , “ Active Flexible Binder Control System for Robust Forming,” Final Project (AMD 301) Report , Institute for Metal Forming Technology , Stuttgart , Aug 2006 15.5 Li R. and Weinman...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
... of 2.65 ± 0.15 N. The indenter is a sphere with a diameter of 1.575 mm (0.06 in.). The application time of the test force is 3 s for the testing of vulcanized rubber and 15 s for the testing of thermoplastic rubber. With regard to the relation between the hardness values that are obtained by means...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
..., Columbia Tool Steel Co.; curves 3 and 4, Vulcan-Kidd Steel Division of H.K. Porter Co. Curve Composition, % Hardening temperature Hardening medium C Si W Cr V °C °F 1 0.50 0.75 2.50 1.15 0.20 955 1750 Oil 2 0.58 0.95 2.25 1.25 0.25 925 1700 Oil 3 0.50...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... create a leak path. The failure analysis team should look for corrosion in the O-ring groove and on the mating surfaces. Bond joints can be formed from epoxies, adhesives, or other sealants (such as room-temperature vulcanizing sealant). Potential epoxy-, adhesive-, and other sealant-leak causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
..., the belts were first coated with a rubber compound. This created a better base; but if that compound absorbed moisture from the air, it could set the stage for possible disaster. When the tire was vulcanized (heat and pressure applied, to harden the rubber), ammonia formed in the base rubber. Mixed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... 3, Allegheny Ludlum Industries; curve 4, Vulcan-Kidd Steel Division of H.K. Porter Co.; curve 5, Bethlehem Steel Co.; curve 6, Carpenter Steel Co. Curve Type Composition, % Hardening temperature Hardening medium C Mn Cr Mo V °C °F 1 ... 0.80 0.70 5.25 1.15 0.25 980...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... come as either calendered sheet stock or liquids that can be cast to shape in molds and room temperature vulcanized or cured. A composite tool with an elastomeric caul plate is shown in Fig. 4.17 . In this application, the elastomeric caul plate covers both the stiffeners and the skin. Fig. 4.16...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
.... Shear strength to 49 MPa (7100 psi), tensile strength to 40 MPa (5800 psi). Applications: solar panels, electronic assemblies, plastics to wood and metals Silicone: One- or two-component thermosetting liquid adhesive based on silicon polymers. Cures by room temperature vulcanization to rubbery...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... for Joining Plastics The weldability of plastics depends on whether they are thermosets or thermoplastics. In the case of thermoset resins, a chemical reaction occurs that causes curing, that is, an irreversible crosslinking reaction. Neither molded thermoset or vulcanized elastomer components can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... in the case of a large-scale accident scene. It is also frequently desirable to make acetate tape replicas or room-temperature vulcanized (RTV) rubber replicas of fracture surfaces or of wear patterns of large parts during an on-site failure analysis. Several replicas should be made of the fracture origin...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... – 264 10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00207-1 13.14 Hydraulico , www.hydraulico.com 13.15 Hengelhaupt J. , Vulcan M. , Darm F. , Ganz P. , Schweizer R. , Robust Deep Drawing Process of Extensive Car Body Panels , New Developments in Sheet Metal Forming , IFU, Technical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
..., and the Cambria Steel Company in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, where Kelly received support to develop his process. Holley built or consulted with plants in North Chicago and Joliet, Illinois, a plant for the Vulcan Works at St. Louis, Missouri, and plants for Bethlehem Steel and Scranton Steel in eastern Pennsylvania...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... ( Livonia, MI ), AUTOSTEEL 1.13 Mehrkens M. , “Advanced High Strength Steel Technology in the Porsche Cayenne,” Porsche Engineering presentation at Great Designs in Steel Seminar , Feb 18 , 2004 ( Livonia, MI ), AUTOSTEEL 1.14 Siegert K. and Vulcan M. , “ Tool and Die...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...—Abrasion Resistance (Pico Abrader)” ( Ref 29 ). This method compares the abrasion resistance of soft vulcanized rubber compounds and similar materials to that of a reference standard material. A pair of tungsten carbide knives is used to abrade the surface. This test may be used to estimate the relative...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., brazing, soldering, and electroslag refining Composites: glasses, ceramics, slags Recycling Chemicals Fuels: cracking, catalysts Plastics: curing, etching, vulcanizing Pyrolysis: recycling, scrap treatment, hazardous materials disposal Synthesis: organics, gases Special...