1-20 of 257 Search Results for

visual examination

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... cracking defect indentification dimension inspection tools scaling visual inspection VISUAL INSPECTION is perhaps the most important method of inspection of materials. Visual inspection is defined as the examination using the naked eye, alone or in conjunction with various magnifying devices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Abstract Intermetallic phase precipitates in aluminum alloys can often be identified without resorting to chemical analysis. Very often the determination can be made based on the shape, color, and refractive properties of the particular phase. This chapter explains how these visual attributes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... sources of component failure. This is followed by a section on the stages of a failure analysis, which can proceed one after the other or occur at the same time. These stages of analysis are collection of background data, preliminary visual examination, nondestructive testing, selection and preservation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of an aircraft control cable and the investigation that followed. It explains how visual examination showed that the failure occurred in a heavily worn section that runs over a pulley. Further examination under a stereoscope and in a SEM found that 40...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... techniques are supplemented by a series of case studies that include pertinent visual examination results and the corresponding images that aided in the characterization of the failures. The techniques covered include Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on visual examination, SEM fractography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the hinge pins were not made from the specified steel and were not properly treated after cadmium plating. The pins failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, which may have been aggravated by welding. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Most of the blades in the first four stages had sheared off and many lifted from the dovetail region, particularly in the first two stages where several mounting dovetails had also fractured. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, metallography, and chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter describes an investigation following an aircraft accident in which the main undercarriage struts had failed. Visual examination revealed that the starboard strut fractured about 13 cm from the end nearest the underside of the wing. A close-up view of the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A test flight was cut short after a fire warning came on indicating a problem with one of the four engines on an aircraft. A visual examination following the precautionary landing revealed several burned hoses, a melted bolt, and fuel leaking from the base of the main burner. The fuel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A second-stage turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed in service, fracturing along a path through the shroud hole. Cracks were also found in the shroud holes of the two adjacent blades. Based on the results of visual examination and SEM fractography, investigators concluded that...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A high-pressure turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed prematurely, fracturing close to the root. Visual examination revealed significant plastic deformation on the leading edge of the blade, blocky cleavage on the trailing edge, and a region covered with fissures in between. Based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A low-pressure turbine rotor blade failed during a test run, causing extensive damage to an aircraft engine. Visual examination showed that the nickel-base superalloy blade broke above the root platform in the airfoil section, leaving a fracture surface with two distinct regions, one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter describes an investigation that was conducted to determine why quill shafts were failing prematurely in gear boxes on aircraft engines. The investigation focused on the splines in a splined bore. Visual examination showed that the splines were heavily worn and covered with...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of a compressor blade in an aircraft engine and explains how investigators determined the cause. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography and chemical analysis, it was concluded that blade failed due to fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract The aluminum alloy skin on the main rotor blade of a helicopter tore off in flight, and an investigation was subsequently conducted to find the cause. Visual examination and SEM fractography revealed that a fatigue crack originated on the underside of a rivet hole at the trailing edge...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract The nose landing gear on an aircraft malfunctioned during landing roll. After the incident, two fractured studs were found in the retraction jack support beam. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, investigators concluded that the studs failed by fatigue, a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract Helicopter control mechanisms were failing at a higher than normal rate on high-altitude flights in mountainous regions. All of the failures occurred at or near attachment points on pressurized tubes, causing a pressure drop and partial loss of function. Visual and SEM examinations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... crack initiation could not be established, material defects, improper root loading, and high operating temperatures were ruled out. This chapter describes how investigators came to their conclusions and what they learned through visual and SEM examination and qualitative elemental analysis. It includes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... also used to determine wall thickness in such components as cored turbine blades made by investment casting. New developments in visual inspection procedures for examining component appearance are mainly based on vision systems that use electronic cameras coupled to computer-assisted image processing...