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visual examination

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of the general sources of component failure. This is followed by a section on the stages of a failure analysis, which can proceed one after the other or occur at the same time. These stages of analysis are collection of background data, preliminary visual examination, nondestructive testing, selection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of an aircraft control cable and the investigation that followed. It explains how visual examination showed that the failure occurred in a heavily worn section that runs over a pulley. Further examination under a stereoscope and in a SEM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... a flange. Based on visual examination, SEM fractography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the hinge pins were not made from the specified steel and were not properly treated after cadmium plating. The pins failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, which may have been aggravated by welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... extensive. Most of the blades in the first four stages had sheared off and many lifted from the dovetail region, particularly in the first two stages where several mounting dovetails had also fractured. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, metallography, and chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes an investigation following an aircraft accident in which the main undercarriage struts had failed. Visual examination revealed that the starboard strut fractured about 13 cm from the end nearest the underside of the wing. A close-up view of the fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A test flight was cut short after a fire warning came on indicating a problem with one of the four engines on an aircraft. A visual examination following the precautionary landing revealed several burned hoses, a melted bolt, and fuel leaking from the base of the main burner...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A second-stage turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed in service, fracturing along a path through the shroud hole. Cracks were also found in the shroud holes of the two adjacent blades. Based on the results of visual examination and SEM fractography, investigators...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A high-pressure turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed prematurely, fracturing close to the root. Visual examination revealed significant plastic deformation on the leading edge of the blade, blocky cleavage on the trailing edge, and a region covered with fissures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A low-pressure turbine rotor blade failed during a test run, causing extensive damage to an aircraft engine. Visual examination showed that the nickel-base superalloy blade broke above the root platform in the airfoil section, leaving a fracture surface with two distinct...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes an investigation that was conducted to determine why quill shafts were failing prematurely in gear boxes on aircraft engines. The investigation focused on the splines in a splined bore. Visual examination showed that the splines were heavily worn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of a compressor blade in an aircraft engine and explains how investigators determined the cause. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography and chemical analysis, it was concluded that blade failed due to fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract The aluminum alloy skin on the main rotor blade of a helicopter tore off in flight, and an investigation was subsequently conducted to find the cause. Visual examination and SEM fractography revealed that a fatigue crack originated on the underside of a rivet hole...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract The nose landing gear on an aircraft malfunctioned during landing roll. After the incident, two fractured studs were found in the retraction jack support beam. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, investigators concluded that the studs failed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... techniques are supplemented by a series of case studies that include pertinent visual examination results and the corresponding images that aided in the characterization of the failures. The techniques covered include Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... to fatigue. They also provide recommendations for avoiding such failures in the future. fatigue crack flexural load helicopter lug joint scanning electron microscopy visual examination Summary Background Pertinent Specifications Visual Examination of General Physical Features...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... cause of crack initiation could not be established, material defects, improper root loading, and high operating temperatures were ruled out. This chapter describes how investigators came to their conclusions and what they learned through visual and SEM examination and qualitative elemental analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Dimensional inspection Missing component Visual examination, x-ray or n-ray (if device cannot be disassembled and depending on materials) Incorrect material Visual examination, along with energy-dispersive analysis of x-rays (EDAX), spectrometry, chromatography (depending on material type...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... cracking defect indentification dimension inspection tools scaling visual inspection VISUAL INSPECTION is perhaps the most important method of inspection of materials. Visual inspection is defined as the examination using the naked eye, alone or in conjunction with various magnifying devices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... examination Summary Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results In an aircraft that had an accident, the port side stabilizer link rod had fractured in the thread region. Considerable bending was also noticed near the fracture. Fractography...