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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...Abstract Abstract The surface condition of metals can have a significant effect on the outcome of high-temperature processes and vice versa. This chapter discusses the general cleaning and surface treatment needs of work in-process both before and after induction hardening. It identifies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... with a propane torch to an orange color for approximately 20 s and immediately quenched in a beaker of water. The temperature produces austenite over a short length of the rods, and the quench converts it to martensite + retained austenite. If the first rod is placed in a vice with the discolored heated section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... concerned about quality. He and the marketing vice president randomly selected three ready-to-ship coaches every day. They personally inspected these three coaches. They felt that by doing this they communicated quality commitment to the rest of the factory. When asked, the president admitted that he had...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... adjacent blocks of stone do not.) The general principle that should be remembered about mechanically induced residual stresses is: tensile yielding under an applied load results in compressive residual stresses when the load is released, and vice versa. This simple principle is of profound...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... carbide tools. Tungsten carbide later became a tool material that was ideal for severe machining applications, and Jeffries played a large role in promoting the business into a major industry. After World War II, Jefferies was appointed vice president of General Electric’s new chemical division...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...: temperature. The stiffness of any metal varies inversely with its temperature; that is, as temperature increases, stiffness decreases, and vice versa. This relationship is illustrated for four common alloy systems in Fig. 4 . For example, steel alloys are usually considered to have a modulus of elasticity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... dipping is frequently used to change the lead finish, e.g., from lead free (Pb-free) finish to a lead finish or vice-versa. Solder dipping is also used to improve or restore the solderability of the parts. But poor finish and thermal shock experienced during the solder dipping process can lead to defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... of Mechanical Engineers and as vice president of the American Society of Civil Engineers. After his death in 1882 at just 49 years old, these engineering societies commissioned a statue of Holley that remains standing in Manhattan’s Washington Square Park ( FIG. 3.5 ). Engineers from all of the major...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... superalloys apart from other alloy systems ( Ref 1 ). Simultaneously achieving optimal properties in any material is rarely possible, so a superalloy composition is often optimized for particular mechanical properties at the expense of oxidation/corrosion resistance or vice versa, or the properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... needs to be smaller, and vice versa. Sharp changes in bearing may cause streaks, due to uneven flow of the metal or to inadequate filling of the die opening. Variations in bearing lengths at the junction points must be properly blended to prevent streaking. Three different types of blending...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... successful from its formation in 1929 until the 1980s, began to lose momentum as a result of poor management. In 1994, the board fired the CEO and all the vice presidents and replaced them by recruiting a new team from the Gary works of USS. With the deteriorating markets, increasing imports, and competition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.9781627083096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... provides a means for measuring the magnitude of residual stress. Residual stresses may originate directly from a nonuniform cold working process. Tensile yielding under an applied load will result in compressive residual stresses when the load is released, and vice versa. For instance, in the case...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... and the secondary current I s is: N P ⁢ I P = N S ⁢ I S or N P N S = I S I P Hence, when the voltage is stepped up, the current is stepped down, and vice versa. It should be borne in mind, however, that these equations apply only to transformers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...; they were merged and renamed Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp. Taylor hired an outside executive named Benjamin Fairless from Republic Steel Corp. to be the president of the new organization. He also promoted a longtime executive, William Irving, to vice president of the corporation. Irving later became...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... or subsurface flaws. The sensor typically consists of an ultrasonic transducer that serves as both a pulsar (emitter) and a receiver. This ultrasonic transducer can convert electrical energy into high-frequency sound energy or vice versa. The ultrasonic transducer generates sound waves that travel through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... in Ref 25 ) is similar, and historically cavitation tests have been used to screen materials for service in liquid impingement environments (and vice versa). In some practical cases, it is not clear whether the mechanism causing erosion was impingement or cavitation erosion. During liquid impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... must be taken to avoid contamination of the alloy with antimonial lead babbitts, and vice versa. Deformability and resistance to wear are of the same order as those of the other lead babbitts. Most alloys of this type are subject to corrosion by acidic oils. Impurities in solders can affect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... in the blank holder, and a preform with a shallow wall angle (45° in this example) is produced by using the regular ISF process and a partial die. Then, a number of stages follow in which the forming direction of the forming tool alternates from upward ( Fig. 13.15b ) to downward ( Fig. 13.15c ) and vice...