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vapor-coolant systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... discussion of timers, with emphasis on open-loop timing systems. induction heating power-timing devices temperature-control devices vapor-coolant systems water-cooling systems Besides the power supply, other auxiliary pieces of equipment are required in most induction heating installations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Method for Seal Quality of Anodic Coatings on Aluminum by Acid Dissolution • B 732, Test Method for Evaluating the Corrosivity of Solder Fluxes for Copper Tubing Systems • B 735, Test Method for Porosity in Gold Coatings on Metal Substrates by Nitric Acid Vapor • B 741, Test Methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... Occurrences in Practice In practice, cavitation can occur in any liquid in which the pressure fluctuates either because of flow patterns or vibrations in the system. If, in a particular location in a liquid flow system, the local pressure falls below the vapor pressure of the liquid, then cavities can...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... systems, along with corrosion problems on the equipment and workpieces. Fig. 6.5 (a) Salt crystals form and deposit on the component surface. (b) Crystals fragment, causing disruption of the vapor film. (c) The quenching characteristics of various salt solutions. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 6.6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... sectioning must be removed from the recirculating cooling system. The fines will build up quickly in the drain and delivery hoses, significantly reducing the pipe diameter and thus restricting the coolant drainage and delivery system. This applies to the machine sump and the recirculating reservoir, both...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-crystal SiC w whiskers ( Fig. 20.4 ) made by vapor deposition processes or from rice hulls. They have better mechanical properties than particulate-reinforced MMCs, but whiskers are more expensive than particles, they are more difficult to distribute uniformly in the matrix, and they raise health hazard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., and the screw machines sprayed coolant everywhere. When parts were finished, they were degreased and sent to assembly departments. The weak link in the entire system became degreasing. Vapor degreasing with trichlorethylene or related solvents was the accepted way of removing oils on parts before painting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... areas of the workpiece in spray quenching practice. The cooling rate is fast and uniform over the entire temperature range of the quenching cycle because of the large volume of coolant used and because all of the coolant makes direct contact with the part being quenched. The velocity of the stream...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... fuming nitric is used to finish the etch exposing the die. The extremely low moisture content of the red fuming nitric inhibits corrosion of aluminum bond pads and aluminum wires but is only used on a hot plate due to rapid vaporization at the etch temperature of 70°C. The bonds and pads must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... , “ Corrosion and Decarburization of the Ferritic Chromium-Molybdenum Steels in Sodium Coolant Systems ,” USAEC Report NAA-SR-2973, North American Aviation , Dec 1958 35. Stang J.H. , Simons E.M. , DeMastry J.A. , and Genco J.M. , “Compatibility of Liquid and Vapor Alkali Metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...: Ref 8 Fretting corrosion has been a continuing problem in nuclear reactors. The condition is found on heat-exchanger tubes and on fuel elements. In both cases, long, flexible tubes are in contact with support surfaces and subjected to vibrations generated by fluid flow as the coolant flows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... to 300% with no tower modifications required. Thus, at a system level, the use of MMC conductors may provide an attractive cost-savings. A cross section of a conductor with an aluminum MMC core is shown in Fig. 9.4 . Fig. 9.4 Cross section of an electrical conductor for power transmission...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., when using a supply of wheels always use the oldest wheel first. Because abrasive wheels wear rather easily, there is a buildup of debris in the coolant system. Usually, a tank is provided to allow the abrasive particles and binder to settle to the bottom of the tank. This tank must be cleaned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... with Be(OH) 2 , and the lines “1′” and “4′” drawn in this figure correspond to nonequilibrium states. At the equilibrium, no domain of predominance of the ion Be 2 O 2+ exists. 25.2 Corrosion of Beryllium in Rainwater and Seawater The benign nature of pure water vapor, when the beryllium surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... by oxidation, which is then followed by dissolution of metal oxides in the melt. Oxygen and water vapor in the molten salt thus often accelerate molten salt corrosion. Corrosion can also take place through mass transfer due to thermal gradient in the melt. This mode of corrosion involves dissolution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... Coolant will be supplied during operation through the blue nozzle assembly. Fig. 4.8 Photographs showing the section of the titanium fastener/composite assembly prepared for mounting. (a) The cut titanium fastener/composite assembly is facing down, with a piece of glass fabric to be placed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.9781627084284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... engines, filters for the cooling system also are used to minimize abrasive wear of various parts, particularly the impeller that circulates the coolant. In other cases, the foreign particles cannot be removed; this is particularly true with erosive wear, where many high-speed particles slide and roll...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... under the tool and adhering to the machined surface. Built-up edge formation can often be minimized or eliminated by reducing the depth of the cut, increasing the cutting speed, using positive rake tools, or applying a coolant. Fig. 9 Continuous chip with built-up edge. Source: Ref 6 Tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... to perform manual brazing operations; personnel limitations may rule out the process. Brazing fluxes and filler rods may evolve toxic fumes and poisonous vapors. Many types of solder contain lead, which is a poison. Many industries are attempting to move to lead-free solder, but the process is long...