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vapor deposition

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... energy techniques Coating/surface modifications Nitriding Thermal diffusion Flame hardening Induction hardening Laser beam hardening Hard chrome plating Chemical vapor deposition Physical vapor deposition Source: Ref 16.37 Table 16.4 Surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion implantation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses coating technologies that are applicable to beryllium, including physical and chemical vapor deposition, thermal evaporation, electroplating, sputtering, ion plating, and plasma arc spraying. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method and the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... act in the same way as the cladding layer on an alclad product and corrode sacrificially to protect the core alloy ( Ref 11 , 12 ). Similarly, anodic coatings (zinc, pure aluminum or a more anodic aluminum alloy) can be applied by hot dipping or vapor deposition. In some applications, aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... commonly used whiskers for ceramic matrix composites. Monofilament silicon carbide fibers are produced by chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide on a 1.3 mil (33.0 μm) diameter amorphous carbon substrate, resulting in a large 5.5 mil (139.7 μm) diameter fiber. A carbon substrate is preferred to a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... during service, and provide the weak fiber-to-matrix bond required for toughness. The coatings ( Fig. 11.14 ), ranging in thickness from 0.1 to 1.0 μm, are applied directly to the fibers prior to processing, usually by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The CVD produces coatings of relatively uniform...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... weight gain, metal loss, depth of attack, and oxidation rate. It also discusses the effect of metallurgical and environmental factors such as oxygen concentration, high-velocity combustion gas streams, chromium depletion and breakaway, component thickness, and water vapor. austenitic stainless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Liquid metals are frequently used as a heat-transfer medium because of their high thermal conductivities and low vapor pressures. Containment materials used in such heat-transfer systems are subject to molten metal corrosion as well as other problems. This chapter reviews the corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...) is frequently accelerated by other fuel impurities, such as sodium, potassium, and chlorine, which may react among themselves and/or with sulfur during combustion to form salt vapors. These salt vapors may then deposit at lower temperatures on metal surfaces, resulting in accelerated sulfidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... about 2%. However, it can also be due to the properties of certain salts such as silica in boiler water that are vaporized and incorporated into the steam. A small amount of carryover is beneficial as it retards the corrosion of turbine components by forming a thin layer on them. Priming and foaming...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... steels, nickel- and cobalt-base superalloys Diffused coating for oxidation resistance at elevated temperatures Siliconizing by chemical vapor deposition Diffused silicon 925–1040 (1700–1900) 25 μm–1 mm (1–40 mils) 30–50 Low-carbon steels For corrosion and wear resistance, atmosphere control is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... reinforced with single-crystal SiC w whiskers ( Fig. 20.4 ) made by vapor deposition processes or from rice hulls. They have better mechanical properties than particulate-reinforced MMCs, but whiskers are more expensive than particles, they are more difficult to distribute uniformly in the matrix, and they...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... cold spray, in order to deposit metal coatings it was necessary to either dissolve the metals in a chemical bath (plating), melt them (thermal spray coating), or vaporize them (vapor deposition). Now, under the proper conditions, metals can be rapidly deposited in the solid state, and thus, undesirable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... stearates, stearic acid, or magnesium stearate, as well as phosphates and sulfonates, to adjust viscosity, lubricate tooling, disperse particles, or induce binder wetting of the powder. In the case of binders deposited via ink jet printing, the binder contains solvents to lower the viscosity for easier...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Corrosion problems can be divided into eight categories based on the appearance of the corrosion damage or the mechanism of attack: uniform or general corrosion; pitting corrosion; crevice corrosion, including corrosion under tubercles or deposits, filiform corrosion, and poultice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the production and use of titanium and its significance as an engineering material. It begins by identifying important deposits and ores and assessing current and future production capacities and how they align with global consumption trends. It...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... components. Certain aspects of conventional processing, however, must be modified or omitted when titanium alloys are being cleaned. Vapor degreasing normally employs either trichlorethylene or perchlorethylene. Under certain conditions, these solvents are known to be a cause of stress-corrosion cracking...