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Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 2.2 Unary diagram for magnesium. Adapted from: Ref 2.1 More
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Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 2.4 Unary diagram for magnesium with points in one-, two-, and three-phase regions of the diagram. Adapted from: Ref 2.1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... changes are ignored. Because the system considered so far contains only one pure metal, it is known as a unary system. 1.2 Binary Systems Now consider the addition of a second metal, for example, an alloy of nickel and copper. The phase diagram for this system is shown in Fig. 1.1 . This is known...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... are often classified and named for the number (in Latin) of components in the system ( Table 4.1 ). Number of components Table 4.1 Number of components Number of components Name of system or diagram One Unary Two Binary Three Ternary Four Quarternary Five Quinary Six...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter explains how the principles of chemical thermodynamics are used in the construction and interpretation of phase diagrams. After a brief review of the laws of thermodynamics, it describes the concept of Gibbs free energy and its application to transformations that occur...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... is a variant involving binder evaporation without melting. The vacuum extraction of water out of frozen foods via sublimation is applied to orange juice and coffee, where it is called freeze-drying. As diagrammed in Fig. 7.24 , the triple point, where solid-liquid-vapor coexist, for water is near 0 °C (32 °F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... is either Cr 2 O 3 or Al 2 O 3 , depending on the chemistry of the alloy. (Refer to Fig. 13.1 and see also “ Gas Turbine Materials ” in the section “ Degradation by Gaseous Oxidation or Mixed Gases .”) Fig. 13.1 Schematic diagram illustrating oxide scale development on nickel-chromium-aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.9781627082679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9