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ultrasonic technique

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract Wrought tubular products are nondestructively inspected chiefly by eddy current techniques (including the magnetic flux leakage technique) and by ultrasonic techniques. The methods discussed in this chapter include eddy current inspection, flux leakage inspection, ultrasonic inspection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of reflected acoustic waves and (b) the amplitude of the acoustic pressure wave of either transmitted or reflected acoustic waves. The pulse echo technique is the most widely used ultrasonic technique. Flaws are detected and their sizes estimated by comparing the amplitude of a reflected echo from an...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., computed tomography, gamma-ray density determination, and ultrasonic techniques. density measurements dimensional evaluation hardness testing nondestructive evaluation powder metallurgy parts FABRICATED POWDER METALLURGY (P/M) parts are evaluated and tested at several stages during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... in large-diameter stainless steel piping, which prompted a reevaluation of the effectiveness of ultrasonic examination. The reevaluation showed conventional ultrasonic examination methods to be inadequate, but advanced techniques to be successful. This resulted in a Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of nondestructive inspection methods, including visual, ultrasonic, radiographic, and thermographic techniques, and the types of flaws and damages they can reveal in composite parts and assemblies. It describes the basic principles behind each method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... factor in the selection of a system. Ultrasonic inspection is used to detect both large and small internal flaws in forgings. Forgings, by their nature, are amenable to ultrasonic inspection. Both longitudinal or shear wave (straight or angle beam) techniques are utilized. The size...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... highly developed technique for detailed inspection; it can provide a pictorial representation of the form and extent of many types of internal discontinuities. Ultrasonic inspection, which is less universally applicable, can give qualitative indications of many discontinuities. It is especially useful in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... industry, liquid penetrant and magnetic particle testing account for about one-half of all NDT, ultrasonics and x-ray methods about another third, eddy current testing about 10%, and all other methods for only about 2%. It should be noted that the techniques reviewed in this book are by no means all of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... visual, liquid penetrant, magnetic particle, radiographic, ultrasonic, acoustic emission, eddy current, and electric current perturbation methods. Each of these techniques has specific advantages and limitations. Existing codes and standards that provide guidelines for these various techniques are based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... welding, explosion welding, friction welding, or ultrasonic welding), brazing, or soldering where alloying between the metals is normally insignificant. This chapter describes the factors influencing joint integrity and discusses the corrosion behavior of dissimilar metal weldments. brazing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... used to detect and evaluate flaws (irregularities or discontinuities) or defects in engineering systems. Of the many different NDT techniques used in industry, liquid penetrant and magnetic particle testing account for about one-half of all NDT, ultrasonic inspection methods and x-ray methods account...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
..., how acoustic emission, ultrasonic, and eddy current sensors detect tool breakage and part defects such as cracks, and how roller ball and optical sensors measure material flow. It also discusses the role of draw-in, wrinkle, oil-monitoring, and vision sensors and explains how material properties can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... welding, forge welding, roll welding, coextrusion welding, cold welding, friction welding, friction stir welding, explosion welding, and ultrasonic welding. coextrusion welding cold welding diffusion welding explosion welding forge welding friction welding roll welding ultrasonic welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of a metal body), it is almost completely reflected. The technique most commonly used for the inspection of bars or bar-like workpieces is the pulse echo technique. Short pulses of ultrasonic energy are passed through the bar. The sweep voltage of the time base is coordinated with the pulse...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... processes such as electrical discharge, abrasive jet, and hydrodynamic machining, laser and electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, and electrical discharge wire cutting. chip formation cutting fluids cutting tools machinability machining tool wear MACHINING COVERS a large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... service life of the component, and the thickness of the oxide, generally measured by the ultrasonic technique, the temperature of exposure can be calculated. Any measured oxide thickness can be formed by any combination of time and temperature that satisfies the kinetic data. Therefore, for components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... these 2.5D and 3D packages. This article focuses on these methods of fault isolation, non-destructive imaging, and destructive techniques through an iterative process for failure analysis of complex packages. 2.5D packaging 3D packaging destructive techniques failure analysis fault isolation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the various failure analysis techniques for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), focusing on conventional semiconductor manufacturing processes and materials. The discussion begins with a section describing the advances in integration and packaging technologies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Moore's Law has driven many degree circuit features below the resolving capability of optical microscopy. Yet the optical microscope remains a valuable tool in failure analysis. This article describes the physics governing resolution and useful techniques for extracting the small...