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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...., 1973 ] Electric upsetters are used mostly in preform preparation for gathering a large amount of material at one end of a round bar. The principle of operation is illustrated in Fig. 12.10 . A bar of circular cross section (d) is gripped between the tools (b) of the electrode (c) and is pushed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... directions. Source: Ref 2 Transverse flux (sometimes called proximity) coils are not as widely used. They are used to heat work pieces where the cross-section thickness is less than four times the reference depth. Figure 4.3 shows an example of a transverse coil. The workpiece is essentially...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... section provides information on the residual stresses and distortion that remain after welding. The focus then shifts to distortion control of weldments. Inclusions and cracking are discussed in detail. The chapter also discusses the causes for reduced fatigue strength of a component by a weld: stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the metallurgical factors governing the machinability of stainless steels. It begins by describing the chemistry, cleanliness, structure, processing history, and the cross-section size of the stock of the different grades of stainless steel. This is followed by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Corrosion testing and monitoring are powerful tools in the fight to control corrosion. This chapter provides a general overview of three major categories of corrosion tests, namely laboratory tests, pilot-plant tests, and field tests. It begins with brief sections describing the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Abstract This chapter presents a comprehensive coverage of mechanical fastening methods. It begins with a discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of mechanical fastening followed by sections providing information on mechanically fastened joints and the selection of the correct fastener...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... blades are given in Fig. CH53.3 , CH53.4 . Fig. CH53.3 Hardness profile and microstructures across the transverse section at the root of a blade of 19th stage Fig. CH53.4 Hardness profile and microstructures across the transverse section at the root of another blade of 19th stage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... regular-shaped products, the usual sampling orientations are related to shape and major working direction and are frequently longitudinal and transverse sections. (There is often confusion between orientations based on major working direction and on geometrical shape in a semi-finished product. This is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... 11.4 (Part 2) d ). [2] Fig. 11.4 (Part 1) Forge weld. (a) to (d) 0.2% C (0.24C-0.05Si-0.3Mn, wt%). Transverse sections of weld region of a longitudinal weld in a forge welded pipe, (a) 3% nital. 10×. (b) Picral. 250×. (c) Picral. 100×. (d) 1% nital. 750×. (e) Transverse section...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of ultrasonic flaw detectors, ultrasonic transducers, and search units and couplants. It then discusses the principles of operation, presentation, and interpretation of data of pulse echo and transmission methods. This is followed by sections providing information on general characteristics of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... very important since the plane of polish can reveal different microstructural features if polished longitudinal, transverse, planar, or in some other orientation. Contamination of the specimen can easily take place during sectioning, grinding, and polishing by the accumulation of debris; for example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... in the transversal direction in the center section of the sheet. Additionally, bending in the transversal direction supports this tension. However, due to the bending, shrinkage in the longitudinal direction is observed along the bend line in the profile. This shrinkage induces excessive compressive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... explains how the delta phase, which is used to control grain size in IN-718, improves strength and prevents stress-rupture embrittlement. It describes heat treatments for different product forms, discusses the effect of tramp elements on grain-boundary ductility, and explains how section size and test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... for weldments. The chapter concludes with a section on how to interpret time to failure, threshold stress, percent survival, stress intensity, and propagation rate data, and assess the precision of the associated tests. precracked specimens slow-strain-rate testing smooth specimens stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... remelting process is such that features that are solute-lean may be introduced into the final ingot. These features are discussed in the sections on consumable remelting. Fig. 4.4 Section from static-cast Waspaloy electrode showing both longitudinal and transverse planes. Note the circular appearance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... on transverse cut edges. This section discusses in detail the corrosion implications of changing the alloy microstructure via three different processes: (a) solid-state transformation or second-phase precipitation, which includes the precipitation of intermetallic phases in a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... joining, and includes a section on the causes and effects of corrosion and how they are typically controlled. aluminum alloys castability composition corrosion forgeability formability heat treatability machinability weldability wrought aluminum alloys ALUMINUM is an industrial and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... by composition, inclusion content, number of phases, and processing variations. In the examination of wrought materials, the longitudinal plane provides information about segregation and inclusion deformability not obtainable on transverse sections. The microstructure often appears more uniform on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... (initiation, propagation, and final rupture) of fatigue fracture followed by a discussion of its microscopic and macroscopic characteristics. The relationship between stress and strength in fatigue is explained. The next section provides information that may help the uninitiated to appreciate some of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... sources of component failure. This is followed by a section on the stages of a failure analysis, which can proceed one after the other or occur at the same time. These stages of analysis are collection of background data, preliminary visual examination, nondestructive testing, selection and preservation...