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trace elements

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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 5.12 Effects of trace-element control on fatigue life of alloy 625. Source: Ref 65 Trace element Maximum wt% IN-625 IN-625LCF C 0.1 0.03 Si 0.5 0.15 N Not specified 0.02 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
..., reactive elements, and oxides influence mechanical properties and behaviors. It also discusses the effect of trace elements. grain-boundary elements mechanical properties reactive elements refractory elements superalloys trace elements THE PRIMARY GOAL in superalloy development is to obtain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the composition, structure, and properties of iron-nickel-, nickel-, and cobalt-base superalloys and the effect of major alloying and trace elements. It describes the primary and secondary roles of each alloying element, the amounts typically used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article covers the metallurgy and properties of gray irons. It describes the classes or grades of gray iron, the types of applications for which they are suited, and the corresponding compositional ranges. It discusses the role of major, minor, and trace elements, how...
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
% Mg, 9% Al, 5% P, 3% Na, 2% Zn, and trace elements. No. 2: 53% Fe, 19% Ni, 12% Zn, 11% Al, 2% Mg, 2% V, and trace elements. No. 3: 34% Si, 24% Al, 12% V, 8% Fe, 7% Mg, 5% Na, 4% Ca, 2% Ni, and trace elements. No. 4: 54% Si, 20% Al, 8% Na, 6% Fe, 3% P, 4% Ca, and trace elements. No. 5 More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
through No. 12. The chemical compositions (wt%) at different phases are: 1: 68% Pb, 11% Mo, 6% Cr, 3% Fe, 3% Ni, 4% S, 3% Cl, and trace elements 2: 63% Pb, 9% S, 6% Cl, 7% Cr, 5% Mo, 2% Fe, 3% Ni, 2% Na, and trace elements 3: 31% Cr, 24% Ni, 2% Fe, 27% Pb, 6% Zn, 5% S, 1% Cl, and trace elements More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
of Welding Services Inc. 1: 34.4% Fe, 49.1% Cr, 5.6% Ni, 4.9% S, 3.7% Mn, 1.3% Si, and trace elements 2: 34.7% Fe, 17.6% Cr, 22.8% Ni, 22.3% S, 1.6% Mn, 0.6% Si, and trace elements 3: 32.1% Fe, 45.5% Cr, 6.8% Ni, 7.6% S, 4.5% Mn, 0.9% Si, 0.7% Na, and trace elements 4: 28.9% Fe, 49.0% Cr, 6.3 More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
products at different locations are as summarized below. Courtesy of Welding Services Inc. 1: 62.2% Cr, 29.2% Fe, 4.6% Mn, 1.7% Ni, 1.4% S, and trace elements 2: 40.7% Cr, 39.5% Fe, 4.2% Mn, 4.1% Ni, 8.4% S, 2.4% Si, and trace elements 3: 28.0% Cr, 59.8% Fe, 2.6% Mn, 4.5% Ni, 2.9% S, 1.5% Si More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
locations of the corrosion products inside the groove is summarized below. Courtesy of Welding Services Inc. 1: 83.9% Fe, 7.1% S, 4.6% Cr, 2.1% Mo, 0.5% Al, 0.7% Si, 0.9% Mn, and trace elements 2: 72.2% Fe, 21.2% S, 3.6% Cr, 1.3% Mo, 0.5% Al, 0.9% Mn, and trace elements 3: 73.3% Fe, 22.8% S, 2.2 More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
of the corrosion products at different locations were analyzed by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) with the results summarized as: 1: 8.9% Si, 1.5% Al, 86.9% Fe, and trace elements 2: 44.3% Si, 22.9% Al, 2.2% Mg, 6.7% Ca, 5.6% K, 14.7% Fe, and trace elements 3: 1.7% Si, 1.0% Al, 1.0% S, 1.5% Zn More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
at different locations were analyzed by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) with the results summarized as: 1: 1.1% S, 0.7% Al, 0.8% Si, 0.6% Mn, 95% Fe, and trace elements 2: 0.8% S, 0.3% Al, 0.6% Si, 0.5% Cl, 0.5% Ca, 1.9% Zn, 94% Fe, and trace elements 3: 13.4% S, 0.8% Al, 0.4% Si, 0.8% Mn More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
the cladding/steel interface. Semiquantitative EDX analysis (wt%) of the corrosion products on the top portion of the crack is summarized below. Courtesy of Welding Services Inc. 1: 55.6% Ni, 20.9% Cr, 4.7% Fe, 4.6% S, 2.6% Na, 7.1% Si, 1.9% Ca, 1.5% Al, and trace elements 2: 84.6% Ni, 5.2% Cr, 3.1% Fe More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
changed direction and followed the cladding-steel interface (b). Semiquantitative EDX analysis (wt%) of the corrosion products on the crack tip is summarized below. Courtesy of Welding Services Inc. 1: 52.0% Fe, 29.4% Ni, 9.5% Cr, 3.4% K, 1.4% Na, 0.8% S, and trace elements 2: 61.3% Fe, 25.8% Ni More
Image
Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 3 Alloying elements used in nickel-base superalloys. The height of the element blocks indicates the amount that may be present. Beneficial trace elements are marked with cross hatching and harmful trace elements are marked with horizontal line hatching. More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
spectroscopy (EDX) analysis (trace elements not reported here): 1: 31% Ca, 29% Si, 14% Mg, 15% Fe, 9% S, and 2% Zn 2: 63% Fe, 16% Cl, 9% Zn, 4% Pb, and 2% S 3: 20% Fe, 13% Cl, 3% Zn, 41% Pb, 11% S, 4% Na, 3% K, and 2% Ca 4: 67% Fe, 12% Cl, 7% Zn, 4% S, and 6% Na 5: 72% Fe, 6% Cl, 7% Zn, 4% S, 4 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Bremsstralung background. If there are N counts of Bremsstrahlung x-rays in a given energy window, then there will be random noise ~ N 1/2 which will limit our ability to detect trace elements at that energy. If we can narrow the window from 140 eV to 10 eV, then the number of Bremsstralung x-rays...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... elements except halogens, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and noble gases. The major use is the qualitative and quantitative elemental analyses of major, minor, and trace elements in metals and alloys. The detection threshold of OES is on the order of tens of parts per million (ppm): 0.001 to 0.01...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... elements. No. 2: 53% Fe, 19% Ni, 12% Zn, 11% Al, 2% Mg, 2% V, and trace elements. No. 3: 34% Si, 24% Al, 12% V, 8% Fe, 7% Mg, 5% Na, 4% Ca, 2% Ni, and trace elements. No. 4: 54% Si, 20% Al, 8% Na, 6% Fe, 3% P, 4% Ca, and trace elements. No. 5: 70% Fe, 28% Al, 1% Cr, and trace elements. No. 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... at different locations were analyzed by energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis (trace elements not reported here): 1: 31% Ca, 29% Si, 14% Mg, 15% Fe, 9% S, and 2% Zn 2: 63% Fe, 16% Cl, 9% Zn, 4% Pb, and 2% S 3: 20% Fe, 13% Cl, 3% Zn, 41% Pb, 11% S, 4% Na, 3% K, and 2% Ca 4: 67% Fe, 12...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... at different locations were analyzed by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) with the results summarized as: 1: 1.1% S, 0.7% Al, 0.8% Si, 0.6% Mn, 95% Fe, and trace elements 2: 0.8% S, 0.3% Al, 0.6% Si, 0.5% Cl, 0.5% Ca, 1.9% Zn, 94% Fe, and trace elements 3: 13.4% S, 0.8% Al, 0.4% Si, 0.8% Mn...