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topography

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Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 8 Variation in secondary electron emission leading to topography contrast. More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 29 Topography and SPV images and cross sections of a series of diodes a) Topography image showing silicon (dark) and isolation oxide (light). b) SPV image. c) Cross section of the topography (red line) and SPV (green line) images. More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 34 SMIM images of six transistor SRAM cells at silicon level: a) topography; b) SMIM-C; c) dC/dV Phase; d) dC/dV Amplitude. (Images courtesy of PrimeNano) More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 14 Example of a topography map and line profile obtained from a 2.5D module with an optical profilometer More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 30 AFM topography image of a worn surface reveals a wear track. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 8 Topography (a) and cross section (b) of oxide scale formed on Fe-18Cr alloy at 1100 °C (2012 °F). The bright areas on the alloy surface (a) are areas from which scale has spalled. The buckled scale and locally thickened areas (b) are iron-rich oxide. The thin scale layer adjacent More
Image
Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 5.27 Comparison of the fracture surface topography of a high creep-rate test and a low creep-rate test of AISI type 316 stainless steel at 816 °C (1500 °F), Δε in = 2%, for intergranular (IG) fractures (in parts a and b) and with ductile fracture (c,d). Source: Ref 5.26 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 18.20 Fracture surface topographies from central fracture regions of martensitic 41xx steel tensile specimens tempered at 150 °C (300 °F). (a) 4130. (b) 4140. (c) 4150. SEM micrographs More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 33 Scanning electron micrographs illustrating transgranular and intergranular fracture topographies. (a) Transgranular cleavagelike fracture topography. Direction of crack propagation is from grain A through grain B. (b) Intergranular fracture topography More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 32 Scanning electron micrograph illustrating ductile fracture surface topography. This fracture topography is identified as microvoid coalescence. More
Image
Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 4.12: Annular craters forming a texture on a work roll surface. (a) Annular craters showing the protrusion of crater rims from the surface; (b) stylus-rendered crater topography; (c) topography of hexagonal pattern due to electron beam texturing. Source: Courtesy of L.G. Hector, Jr. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
..., friction forces, and stress and strain distributions. It explains how to measure temperature between tooling and workpiece surfaces as well as surface topography and composition, film thickness, and wear. It also discusses the benefits of reduced-scale and simulation testing and the transfer of results...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... The chapter also covers quantitative fractography, fracture surface topography analysis, and the use of oxide dating as well as fault tree and failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) and computational techniques. fault tree analysis fracture surface topography analysis oxide dating quantitative...
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 15 Top-view LIT image of shorted TSV columns probed by tungsten needle. Amplitude image superimposed on topography image (left) and phase image (right). More
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 44 SEM fractographs of the service fracture. (a) Overall view. (b) Intergranular topography at origin. Original magnification: 1500×. (c) Pits on side of clevis at origin. Original magnification: 400×. (d) Pit and corrosion products at origin. Original magnification: 1000× More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 6.4 Schematic presentation of the source of topographic contrast in SE operation. (a) Topographic features of the sample (such as etching relief or fracture topography) are significant obstacles to the low-energy SEs. Thus, they cannot reach the SE detector. (b) Edges produce stronger SE More
Image
Published: 01 December 2003
on the mechanical properties of the polymer and the surface topography of the counterface. PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene; UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene; PE, polyethylene. Reprinted with permission from Ref 1 More
Image
Published: 01 August 1999
) Viewed in polarized light. 10% ammonium persulfate. 1000×. (i) Surface topography of pearlite after etching. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2003
fracture topography of an individual graphite-fiber failure under translaminar tension. 10,000×. Source: Ref 2 . (d) Variations in fiber fracture mapped to determine overall crack-growth direction. 2000×. Source: Ref 3 More
Image
Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 29 Aluminum alloy 2014-T6 aircraft nose wheel (a) that failed at the flange. (b) Close-up of tube well on wheel 31. (c) Appearance of flange failure on wheel 67. The topography is typical of other flange failures. (d) Close-up of wheel 31; note indentation (arrow). (e) Close-up of wheel More