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tooling considerations

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract Tool steels are the ferrous alloys used to manufacture tools, dies, and molds that shape, form, and cut other materials, including steels, nonferrous metals, and plastics. This chapter explores the considerations that make tool steels a very special class of steels, the long historical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... of austenite. The role that diffusion-controlled phase transformations play relative to the hardenability of high-carbon and alloy tool steels is then emphasized. It presents general considerations of transformation diagrams, Jominy curves, and the hardenability of tool steels. The factors related...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... and performance. This chapter provides an overview of general processing and performance considerations of water-hardening tool steels. It describes the microstructural characteristics and hardenability of water-hardening tool steels. The chapter discusses the processes involved in the hardening and tempering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... the historical development of SAM for integrated circuit package inspection, SAM theory, and analysis considerations. Case studies are presented to illustrate the practical applications of SAM. Other non-destructive imaging tools are briefly discussed, as well as SAM challenges and methods including spectral...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... considerations and best practices recommended for maintaining a cohesive database. Challenges with an FA lab ecosystem were addressed by providing an integrated database and software platform that enable design layout and schematic analysis in the FA lab for quick and accurate navigation and cross-tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... the advance and application of powder metallurgy. A few of the more recently introduced processes that hold considerable promise for producing tool steels or finished tools at a lower cost or with improved quality also are reviewed. cold drawing continuous casting electroslag remelting hot drawing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... provides general considerations of phases and phase diagrams and the determination of equilibrium phase diagrams. It describes the formation of martensite, characteristics of alloy carbides, and the design of tool steels. alloy carbides alloying elements chemical composition crystal structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... for high-speed cutting tool applications. Molybdenum replaces some of the tungsten of the T steels, but the performance characteristics of the T and M steels, except for the slightly higher toughness of the M steels, are essentially the same. Alloying considerations (namely, the formation of stable alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... to the basic diagnosis tools, discussing their merits for the failure analysis engineer. The article also describes the various requirements and other considerations that typically need to be taken into account to set up a full working scan diagnosis system. It summarizes the principles of design with embedded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., and cleaving. The article also provides information on options for mounting, handling, and cleaning of samples during and after the cleaving process. The general procedures, tools required, and considerations that need to be taken into account to perform these techniques are considered. cleaving cross...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Abstract The nitriding process can be applied to various materials and part geometries. This chapter focuses on tool steels, pure irons, low-alloy steels, and maraging steels. Various considerations such as the surface metallurgy requirements of the die, including case depth, compound layer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with the design, configuration, and function of tooling and dies used to extrude aluminum alloys. It discuses basic design considerations, including the geometry, location, and orientation of die openings; allowances for thermal shrinkage, stretching...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... review of some of the key principles of Ref 1 can be found in Ref 2 to 4 . 4.1 General Considerations There are many requirements a tool designer must consider when selecting a tooling material and a fabrication process for a given application; however, the number of parts to be made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... resistance to staining after tools are hardened and polished. Microstructure Solidification of the high-chromium cold-work steels causes considerable segregation of alloying elements. The first crystals to solidify are richest in iron, and carbon, chromium, and other elements are rejected...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... ( Ref 2 ): Not economical in low- and medium-quantity production Not normally suitable for production of worn gears, herringbone gears, and helical gears with helix angle exceeding 35┬░ because of various pressing and tooling considerations In view of the press capacities required...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Tooling considerations include tool materials and coatings. Tool Materials Tool wear is often concentrated at the draw radii or draw beads that encounter higher contact pressure compared to other surfaces. Tool wear was investigated while forming U-channels from AHSS with different tool materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Tools A solid forming tool with a hemispherical head is generally used for ISF ( Fig. 13.6 ). The tool radius has considerable effects on the process. It influences the surface quality, forming limits, and springback. If the part contains features with small radii, a forming tool with a matching...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... results in improved casting quality and cost. By following this practice a number of costly pitfalls can be avoided and delays that invariably appear when foundry engineering considerations are ignored can be eliminated. The contribution of the foundry engineer to traditional product design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... of the most important considerations when heat treating tool steels is that the treatment must be accomplished with minimal change of the workpiece surface. An excellent method is to minimize the exposure to air during heat treatment by minimizing or reducing the quantity of air in a vessel, as with creating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... part of the manufacturing sequence of precision parts. The use of electrical discharge machining (EDM) and wire EDM machines in manufacturing cold forging dies has considerably improved the accuracy of forging dies. Elastic deflection of the press and tools: When the forming load is applied...