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tool wear

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the types of sensors used in sheet forming operations and the information they provide. It explains how force sensors protect equipment from overloads due to tool wear, friction, and misfeeds, how displacement and proximity sensors help to prevent die...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... that can be achieved through conventional machining methods, the mechanics of chip formation, the factors that affect tool wear, the selection and use of cutting fluids, and the determination of machining parameters based on force and power requirements. It also includes information on nontraditional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the types of failures that can occur in sheet metal forming tools and explains how to mitigate their effects. It describes the factors that influence galling and wear and the benefits of special treatments and coatings. It provides information on through...
Book Chapter

By Soumya Subramonian
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the blanking process and the forces and stresses involved. It discusses the factors that affect part quality and tool life, including punch and die geometry, stagger, clearance, and wear as well as punch velocities, misalignment, and snap...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... on press energy, springback, residual stress, die wear, hot forming, downgaging limits, welding, binders, draw beads, and tool material wear. advanced high-strength steels automotive industry welding hot forming wear residual stress THE WIDESPREAD USE of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Tool steels are specialty steels, produced in relatively low volumes, optimized for applications requiring precise combinations of wear resistance, toughness, and hot hardness. This chapter describes the AISI classification system by which tool steels are defined. It discusses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... with and without the Ugima oxide. The vertical axis, VB30/0.3, represents 0.3 mm of tool wear in 30 min. Fig. 9 Comparison of 304L chips with and without the Ugima oxide. Courtesy of Ugitech Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the metallurgical factors governing the machinability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... HRC. The tool steels were hardened to their maximum recommended working hardness. Fig. 8.12 Effect of massive carbide phases in increasing abrasion resistance; they stand proud from the softer matrix. The photo is a wear scar from a three-body abrasion test at 100 times optical magnification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... more continuous with decreasing oxide content. The abrasiveness of beryllium will rapidly wear down cutting tool edges, degrading accuracy and causing excessive scrap due to the need to repeat machining of machined parts requiring tight tolerances. The abrasiveness (tool wear) decreases with decreasing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... expansion and contraction, and sliding velocity, and how they influence friction, lubrication, and wear. The chapter also provides information on forming presses and tooling, tube hydropiercing, and the use of finite elements to determine optimal processing conditions and loading paths. finite element...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., high-speed steels, and their counterparts made by powder metallurgy. It includes information on the chemical composition and application range of many commercial tool steels and explains how to apply coatings that reduce friction, thermal conductivity, and wear. alloying elements chemical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Tools steels are defined by their wear resistance, hardness, and durability which, in large part, is achieve by the presence of carbide-forming alloys such as chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, and vanadium. This chapter describes the alloying principles employed in various tool steels, including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... in terms of: Inconsistency of the incoming material characteristics Determination of forming limits Higher tool stresses, tool wear, and press load Higher contact pressure and temperature rise during deformation Lubrication Higher forming load and required press capacity Large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., and other properties. alloy carbides tool steel Composition Wear resistance Introduction and Overview Wrought High-Speed Tool Steels Wrought Hot-Work Tool Steels Wrought Cold-Work Tool Steels Effects of Alloying on the Characteristics of Other Non-Machining Wrought Tool Steel Grades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
...-quality parts with low scrap rate is a very expensive and time-consuming process. After production begins, disturbances to the process such as material property variations, changes in friction conditions, and tool wear may cause many parts to be scrapped due to tearing, wrinkling, or poor dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Fig. 30 Change of shape of the extruded aluminum alloy square tube (a) before die wear and (b) after die wear Fig. 22 Die manufacturing steps and processes Fig. 23 Comparison between traditional and advanced methods. Source: Autotool Fig. 3 Tooling configuration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract The first step in the hardening of steel is getting it hot enough to form austenite, from which martensite can form upon quenching. Not all steels have the same austenitization requirements, however. High-carbon wear-resistant steels, such as bearing and tool steels, require...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the tools and techniques used to examine failure specimens and the wealth of information that can be obtained from fracture surfaces, cracks, wear patterns, and other such features. It discusses the use of metallography, fractography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... machining operations and corrective actions needed Burned surfaces Rough finish Chatter marks Dimensional discrepancies Residual stresses Distortion Broken tools Handling scratches Incidence of scrap for machining operation shown Operation Turning ... X X X X X...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... in extruded products. Under loaded conditions, the tilting of the ram and the ram and frame deflections, particularly under off-center loading, might result in excessive wear of the gibs, in thickness deviations in the formed part and in excessive tool wear. In multiple-operation processes, the tilting...