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tool steel grades

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... compositions have been carefully balanced so that proper heat-treating practices impart the combination of properties that enable these grades of steel to function effectively in their intended applications. High-speed steels are a specialized class of tool steels that were named primarily...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...Abstract Abstract The possible classification for tool steels is their division into four groups according to their final application: hot-worked, cold-worked, plastic mold, and high-speed tool steels. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Speed, fpm Feed, ipr Tool material grade Speed, fpm Feed, ipr Tool material grade Brazed Indexable Ferritic steels 405, 409, 429, 430, 434, 436, 442, 446 (c) 135-185 Annealed 0.040 150(235) 0.007 M2, M3 575 650 0.007 C-7 850 0.007 CC-7 0.150 120(190) 0.015 M2, M3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., and other properties. alloy carbides tool steel Composition Wear resistance Introduction and Overview Wrought High-Speed Tool Steels Wrought Hot-Work Tool Steels Wrought Cold-Work Tool Steels Effects of Alloying on the Characteristics of Other Non-Machining Wrought Tool Steel Grades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of carbon, alloy, and tool steels. It begins a review of commercially available shapes and forms. It then describes the metallurgy and microstructure of various designations and grades of each type of steel and explains how...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...) High-speed tool steel Carbide tool, uncoated Feed, mm/rev (in./rev) Tool material grade (b) , AISI Speed, m/min (sfm) Feed, mm/rev (in./rev) Tool material grade Brazed Indexable Commercially pure: Ti (99.0) 110–170 Annealed 1.0 (0.040) 76 (250) 0.13 (0.005) (b) T15, M42 160...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... that require some kind of mold, die, or mechanical device. Tool steels are also a complex class of steels with compositions close to carbon steel or more highly alloyed grades. Tool steels are generally classified according to three main definitions ( Ref 1 , 2 ): They are used in some forming process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...: Ref 1 Heat treating practice for the W- and S-grade tool steels Table 2 Heat treating practice for the W- and S-grade tool steels Treatment Type W1 (T72301) Type S1 (T41901) Type S5 (T41905) Annealing Temperature, °C (°F) 740–790 (1360–1450) 790–815 (1450–1500) 775–800...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... It is well suited for tool and wear applications in which operating temperatures do not exceed 190 °C (375 °F). Above this temperature, the alloy steel binder will overtemper, with a resulting loss of hardness and wear resistance. Grade CM has a high-chromium, low-molybdenum steel binder composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... to high-wear areas are common. These inserts may be manufactured from tool steels. Cast iron grades used in stamping are gray cast iron (G2500, G3500, etc.) and ductile iron (D4512, D5506, D6510, and GGG70, among others) ( Ref 16.8 , 16.20 ). Similar to cast iron, cast steel is more cost-efficient...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Condition Brinell hardness No. Depth of cut, in. High-speed steel tool Carbide tool Speed, fpm Feed, in./tooth Tool material Tool geometry Speed, fpm Feed, ln./tooth Tool material Tool geometry Grade 1 Annealed 110–170 0.250 125 0.008 M-2 AR: 0°, RR: 0°, ECEA: 6°, Cl: 12°, CA: 30...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of superalloys. High-speed-steel tools are seldom used in turning superalloys, except for interrupted cuts. In such applications, HSS tools are more practical than carbide tools because of their greater shock resistance. The general-purpose, highly alloyed grades such as T15, M36, or M44 are usually selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... International G174) In two-body abrasion testing, they did not achieve the abrasion resistance of WC/Co, but some grades had better abrasion resistance than D2 tool steel and 440C stainless steel. They could offer better service in applications in which abrasion resistance is a selection factor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...) (a) Type of cut (b) High-speed steel tool Speed, m/min (ft/min) Chip load, mm/t (in./t) Tool material Tool geometry hook/clearance angle Grade 1 (110–170 HB) (annealed) R 10.7 (35) 0.127–0.203 (0.005–0.008) T5 8–10°/3–4° F 16.8 (55) 0.051–0.127 (0.002–0.005) T5 8–10°/2–3° Grade...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., for example, ore crushers. They are classified by ASTM as grade A 128. A list of the compositional variations can be found in the Appendix . The microstructure of a typical Hadfield steel is shown in Fig. 1.20 . By far the largest class of wear-resistant steels is the tool steels. There is an AISI...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... and various grades and types of AHSS. Machined holes produced higher hole expansion values than punched ones for all tested steels. Fig. 4.24 Effect of cutting tool on hole expansion. Source: Ref 4.1 Cutting tools must also be sharp to produce clean edge cuts. Figure 4.25 compares hole...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...-matrix cermets, such as TiC particles in various steel matrices, are practical to tool applications because they can be machined and then hardened. This addresses one of the limiting factors of ceramics and cemented carbides: fabrication costs. The grades with tool steel as the matrix can make machined...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Tool steel materials selection (Uddeholm grades) for forming various sheet materials Table 6.2 Tool steel materials selection (Uddeholm grades) for forming various sheet materials Type of sheet Yield strength of sheet material Tool steel grade Base die Inserts Surface treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... of their somewhat lower carbon content, have higher toughness than do the O grades. Tool steels used for dies to mold plastics, AISI type P, are exposed to less severe wear than metal-working steel and therefore have low carbon content. A key requirement is good polishability and excellent surface finish. Type...