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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract There is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) classification of tool steels includes seven major categories: water-hardening tool steels, shock-resisting tool steels, cold work tool steels, hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...Abstract Abstract The possible classification for tool steels is their division into four groups according to their final application: hot-worked, cold-worked, plastic mold, and high-speed tool steels. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...Classification and approximate compositions of some principal types of tool steels Table 1 Classification and approximate compositions of some principal types of tool steels AISI UNS No. C Mn Si Cr V W Mo Co Ni Water-hardening tool steels W1 T72301 0.60–1.40...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...AISI classification for tool steels <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t51130311-ref1">(Ref 1)</xref> Table 1 AISI classification for tool steels (Ref 1) Group Symbol Water-hardened tool steels W Shock-resistant tool steels S Oil-hardening tool steels O Air-hardening tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Tools steels are defined by their wear resistance, hardness, and durability which, in large part, is achieve by the presence of carbide-forming alloys such as chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, and vanadium. This chapter describes the alloying principles employed in various tool steels, including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Tool steels are specialty steels, produced in relatively low volumes, optimized for applications requiring precise combinations of wear resistance, toughness, and hot hardness. This chapter describes the AISI classification system by which tool steels are defined. It discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Important dates in the development of high-speed steels and tool steels Table 11.1 Important dates in the development of high-speed steels and tool steels Date Development 1200 B.C. First documented hardened steel tool 350 B.C. Wootz steels of India A.D. 540 Damascus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the types of failures that can occur in sheet metal forming tools and explains how to mitigate their effects. It describes the factors that influence galling and wear and the benefits of special treatments and coatings. It provides information on through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The several specific grades or compositions of tool steels have evolved over time and have been organized into useful groupings. This chapter presents the AISI classification system for tool steels, which categorizes tool steels by their alloying, applications, or heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... the advance and application of powder metallurgy. A few of the more recently introduced processes that hold considerable promise for producing tool steels or finished tools at a lower cost or with improved quality also are reviewed. cold drawing continuous casting electroslag remelting hot drawing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the various phases that form in tool steels, starting from the base of the Fe-C system to the effects of the major alloying elements. The emphasis is on the phases themselves: their chemical compositions, crystal structures, and properties. The chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes how the phases are arranged into desired microstructures during the heat treatment of tool steels. It describes the microstructural changes that are the objectives of the austenitizing, quenching, and tempering steps of tool steel hardening. The chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract Furnaces for heat treatment of tool steels include ceramic-lined salt bath furnaces, vacuum furnaces, controlled-atmosphere furnaces, and fluidized-bed furnaces. This chapter describes the classification, operating principles, application, advantages, and disadvantages of each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The water-hardening steels are either essentially plain carbon steels or very low-alloy carbon steels. As a result, the water-hardening tool steels are the least expensive of tool steels and require strict control of processing and heat treatment to achieve good properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The low-alloy special-purpose tool steels, designated as group L steels in the AISI classification system, are similar to the water-hardening tool steels but have somewhat greater alloy content. This chapter discusses the metallurgy and performance of low-alloy special-purpose...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The shock-resisting tool steels, designated as group S steels in the AISI classification system, have been developed to produce good combinations of high hardness, high strength, and high toughness or impact fracture resistance. This chapter describes the alloying effects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The oil-hardening cold-work tool steels, designated as group O steels in the AISI classification system, derive their high hardness and wear resistance from high carbon and modest alloy contents. This chapter describes the microstructures and hardenability of oil-hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The air-hardening cold-work tool steels, designated as group A steels in the AISI classification system, achieve their processing and performance characteristics with combinations of high carbon and moderately high alloy content. This chapter describes the microstructural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The high-carbon, high-chromium tool steels, designated as group D steels in the AISI classification system, are the most highly alloyed cold-work steels. This chapter describes the microstructures and hardenability of high-carbon, high-chromium tool steels and discusses...