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titanium sponge

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... by William Kroll. Various studies on the properties on titanium and research programs related to the production of titanium sponge and titanium metal products are then described. The chapter concludes with a discussion of titanium use in jet engines. jet engines metal products titanium titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... States, and Russia. Main producers of rutile are Australia, Sierra Leone, and the Republic of South Africa. Titanium sponge is produced mainly by Russia, Kazakhstan, the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, and China. Titanium sponge and ingot are available worldwide. The titanium business...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.9781627082693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Titanium for ingot production may be either titanium sponge or reclaimed scrap (revert). In both cases, stringent specifications must be met for control of ingot composition. Most important are the hard, brittle, and refractory titanium oxide, titanium nitride, or complex titanium oxynitride particles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract Titanium is a lightweight metal used in a growing number of applications for its strength, toughness, stiffness, corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, and high-temperature operating characteristics. This chapter discusses the applications, metallurgy, properties, compositions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...). Titanium has a relatively short production history, with the first commercial quantities of the metal produced in 1950. By 2011, worldwide annual sponge production increased to 186,000 metric tons (excluding U.S. production) and capacity increased to 283,000 metric tons. Production of titanium ores...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., the titanium industry, with government support, produced 440 metric tons (990,000 lb) of sponge and produced and shipped 67 metric tons (150,000 lb) of mill products. The production history of the U.S. titanium industry in both sponge and mill products has seen numerous peaks and valleys, but the overall trend...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., which may be remelted several times to achieve the necessary properties. It also discusses the cause of defects and ingot imperfections and the benefits of billet reduction and grain-refinement processes. billets ingots mill products titanium alloys titanium sponge vacuum arc remelting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... and its alloys are formable and readily machinable, assuming reasonable care is taken. Fig. 2.1 Some titanium and titanium alloys product forms. (a) Strip. (b) Slab. (c) Billet. (d) Wire. (e) Sponge. (f) Tube. (g) Plate. Courtesy of Teledyne Wah Chang Albany Some specific examples of product...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... stress corrosion, thermal instability, and poor notch toughness; these properties are discussed in subsequent chapters. Four principal sources of hydrogen in titanium and its alloys are an impurity in titanium sponge and alloy additions, pickup from acid pickling and descaling baths, atmospheres...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Applications Unalloyed titanium High-purity Ti, UNS: none, iodide or electrolytic Ti High-purity Ti has ½ the oxygen content of commercially pure (ASTM grade 1) titanium. High-purity Ti is produced from a special grade of sponge (<0.1 wt% oxygen). Applications requiring minimum interstitials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Titanium,” International Titanium Association , www.titanium.org/?page=SafetyManual The consolidation of titanium sponge to a solid article presented very difficult engineering challenges during the early development of this industry in the late 1940s ( Ref 8.1 – 8.3 ). There were...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., nontraditional and, therefore, high-cost processes have been the norm in the industry. Sponge fines of titanium and aluminum-vanadium master alloy powder produced by conventional P/M techniques have been used in the BE process to produce P/M titanium alloy parts. The titanium sponge fines are obtained...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes, procedures, and equipment used in the production of iron, steel, aluminum, and titanium alloys. It describes the design and operation of melting and refining furnaces, including blast furnaces, basic oxygen and electric arc furnaces, vacuum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of the Bronze Age, extraction of metals from their respective ores, and the discovery of modern metals such as chromium, vanadium, platinum, and titanium. extraction and refining THE ANCIENT WORLD passed from the Stone Age through the Bronze and Iron Ages to our modern developed society—a society...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... stockpile of titanium sponge was maintained by the Defense National Stockpile Center. Today, the world’s largest producer, Russian-based VSMPO-Avisma, accounts for an estimated 29% of the world market share. The first plastic based on a synthetic polymer was phenolic, made from phenol and formaldehyde...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... wrought products Sumitomo Corporation Europe Pic Vintners Place 68 Upper Thames Street London EC4V 3BJ John Fryer    Tel: +44 (0) 171 246 3737    Fax: +44 (0) 171 246 3953 Fabricator and international trader of titanium mill products and sponge D.E.R.A. Griffith Building (A7) Structural Materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... Sponge nanoscale titanium powder fabricated by hydrogen reduction of titanium tetrachloride in a plasma reactor In addition, explosions occur when suspended metal powders ignite, a problem exacerbated by small sizes. These dust explosions occur due to the convergence of five factors: powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... to end of the last decade, perhaps any urgency for reduced costs to promote titanium use was tempered by the excellent business climate. The question of whether or not lower-cost alloys are used in the future to a great extent will be determined by producer capacity (or over capacity) to make sponge...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... (–325 mesh). The detrimental effect of sponge powders, possessing internal particle pores, on compressibility is illustrated in Fig. 4(a) . The positive effect of particle porosity on green strength is shown in Fig. 4(b) . Fig. 4 Effect of particle porosity on (a) green density and (b) green...