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tin alloys

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... temperature range of 600 to 1300 deg C. aluminum alloy extrusion copper alloy extrusion extruded metal products hot extrusion iron extrusion magnesium alloy extrusion tin alloy extrusion titanium alloy extrusion THE HOT-WORKING PROCESS extrusion is used to produce semifinished products in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article examines the role of alloying in the production and use of lead and tin. It describes the various categories and grades of lead and lead-base alloys along with their nominal compositions and corresponding UNS numbers. It also discusses the composition and properties of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
..., aluminum-magnesium, aluminum-zinc-magnesium, and aluminum-tin. The chapter discusses the effects of alloying elements on the properties of cast aluminum. It provides information on various alloys that are grouped with respect to their applications or major performance characteristics. alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
..., aluminum-magnesium, aluminum-zinc-magnesium, and aluminum-tin. The chapter discusses the effects of alloying elements on the properties of cast aluminum. It provides information on various alloys that are grouped with respect to their applications or major performance characteristics. alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the composition, properties, and behaviors of copper and its alloys. It begins with an overview of the characteristics, applications, and commercial grades of wrought and cast copper. It then discusses the role of alloying, explaining how zinc, tin, aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... portion. Some other metals such as iron, tin, and lead have also been known for thousands of years. Somehow, ancient civilizations made tools from bronzes, alloys of copper and tin; they practiced metallurgy. Fig. 6.1 Mass copper from Calumet, Michigan, USA Copper is one of the most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... metals, although the latter are restricted to low-temperature use. These brazing alloys are generally Ag-Cu-Zn alloys, some with additions of cadmium, manganese, nickel, tin, or lithium ( Table 2 ). The most widely used are the alloys BAg-1 (UNS P07450, which contains 45% Ag, 15% Cu, 16% Zn, 24% Cd...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... treatment THE SCOPE OF NONFERROUS METALS and metal alloy systems that are routinely heat treated is quite broad and would include aluminum alloys, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, tin-rich alloys, lead and lead alloys, uranium and uranium alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... hardened and solid-solution strengthened 8 xx.x Tin Non-heat-treatable alloys with approximately 6% Sn (and small amounts of copper and nickel for strengthening). Used for cast bearings; tin imparts excellent lubricity The non-heat-treatable aluminum alloys ( Table 14.4 ) include: Pure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Minor alloying elements, which are added for special properties or metallurgical effects, include iron, lithium, titanium, boron, zirconium, chromium, vanadium, scandium, nickel, tin, and bismuth. In addition, silicon, which has a eutectic reaction (at 577 °C, or 1070 °F, with 12.6 wt% Si) and is added...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... titanium Alloying element Range (approx), wt% Effect on structure Aluminum 3–8 α-stabilizer Tin 2–4 α-stabilizer Vanadium 2–15 β-stabilizer Molybdenum 2–15 β-stabilizer Chromium 2–12 β-stabilizer Copper ~2 β-stabilizer Zirconium 2–5 α- and β-strengthener...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... industrially significant eutectic is in the lead-tin system for solders. This system ( Fig. 2.38 ) has a eutectic melting point of 183 °C at a composition of 61.9 wt% Sn and 38.1 wt% Pb (or 73.9% tin atoms). Fig. 2.38 Equilibrium phase diagram of binary lead (Pb) and tin (Sn) alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... rejection. (e) Magnesium may be as low as 0.015% provided that the lead, cadmium, and tin do not exceed 0.003, 0.003, and 0.001%, respectively. Table 2 Nominal compositions of hypereutectic zinc-aluminum (>5% Al) casting alloys and zinc-alumium ingot for casting Alloy Composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... additions of cadmium increase SCC susceptibility, while cerium, tin, lead, copper, nickel, and silicon have no effect. Other researchers, however, have indicated that the addition of cerium or tin to Mg-Al-Mn alloys somewhat increases SCC susceptibility. The physical properties of magnesium are, of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... silver-base materials with refractory constituents such as cadmium oxide, zinc oxide, tin oxide, graphite, tungsten, tungsten carbide, or molybdenum The composite silver-bases are often made using P/M processes, which allow the combination of constituents that ordinarily cannot be alloyed. However...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...-colored eutectic network Kaufmann et al. [1950] Thorium 10 10 wt% second phase as angular compound in long stringers Lower alloys showed separate angular particles. Udy et al. [1949] Tin … Two-liquid melts. No appreciable tin in beryllium part of melt Carbides and other inclusions carried...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-strength applications. The 7 xxx series are the strongest aluminum alloys, with yield strengths ≥500 MPa (≥73 ksi) possible. 8 xxx: Alloys characterizing miscellaneous compositions. The 8 xxx series alloys may contain appreciable amounts of tin, lithium, and/or iron. 9 xxx: Reserved for future...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-temperature range eventually results in equilibrium alpha formation. The structure of omega is generally believed to be hexagonal. Isothermal omega has a composition intermediate between alpha and beta. Alloying additions such as aluminum, tin, and zirconium reduce the amount of omega that can form. Aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... intermetallic compound. When aluminum and tin are present in an alpha-beta alloy, the omega reaction is greatly suppressed. These elements prevent omega formation by increasing the sluggishness of the reaction. Small amounts of beta phase are common in unalloyed titanium and some alpha alloys. The phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-8V-8Mo-3Al-2Fe … β Ti-15-5-3 … Ti-15Mo-5Zr-3Al … β The α alloys, exhibiting a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structure, include the unalloyed grades and those alloys consisting primarily of α-phase-stabilizing elements, such as aluminum, tin, and the interstitials: oxygen...