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time to failure

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
..., probability determinations, mean times between failure, and related topics are also discussed. The discussion covers the practices observed in fault-tree analysis quantification and processes involved in calculating the probability of the top undesired event. failure rate failure rate sources fault...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... produce immediate failure. It describes crack growth mechanisms, explains how to measure crack growth rates and predict time to failure, and provides crack growth data for a number of materials and environments. ceramics environmentally enhanced crack growth glass stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the conditions under which copper-base alloys are susceptible to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and some of the environmental factors, such as temperature, pH, and corrosion potential, that influence crack growth and time to failure. It explains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Various processes in SCC as influenced by the fracture toughness of the metal. Kinetics for pitting (or, in material D , nonpitting), SCC (materials A and B only), and fast fracture. Line at top illustrates how time to failure data can be misleading. Source: Ref 17.76 Fig. 17.44 Relative...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on creep-rupture failure, or more precisely, the time required for such a failure to occur at a given stress and temperature. It begins with a review of creep-rupture phenomena and the various ways creep-rupture data are presented and analyzed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... steel at 300 °F for different times, showing the effect of baking on the incubation of failure Fig. 40 Hydrogen embrittlement failure of an ISO 10.9 low-alloy steel bolt grade. (a) As-received bolt. (b) Multiple initiation sites with secondary cracks evident. (c) Intergranular fracture along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., in addition to exercising the failure. Figure 16 Example of TR-LADA waveforms. The Y axis is fail rate and the X axis is time. This example is a waveform of a passing LADA site. Figure 11 A plot of the laser power necessary at various numerical apertures to maintain a constant 10mW/μm 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... and are discussed. Good answers are needed to avoid starting down the wrong path; take the time and do it right from the start. Because FA (failure analysis) handling and electrical testing can damage a device, a complete suite of non-destructive investigations is performed on the as-received units...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... 2018 , Phoenix, AZ , pp. 43 – 46 Introduction Operational Principle of Non-Destructive Failure Analysis Techniques Case Studies Conclusions Advanced Board Level Analysis Workflow Magnetic Current Imaging (MCI) Infrared Thermography (IR) Time-Domain Reflectometry (TDR...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... and distribution of phases, and how these processes contribute to microstructural changes as a function of time, temperature, and applied stress. It also describes several failure examples and discusses related issues, including damage recovery, refurbishment, and repair. microstructure gas turbine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Abstract Boiler tubes subjected to cyclic or fluctuating loads over extended periods of time are prone to fatigue failure. Fatigue can occur at relatively low stresses and is implicated in almost 80% of the tube failures in firetube boilers. This chapter covers the most common forms of boiler...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... debug and failure analysis (FA) in efforts to improve manufacturing yield while reducing time-to-market for integrated circuit (IC) products. This article encompasses the key principles of CADNav for various aspects of semiconductor FA and its importance for improved yield and profitability. An overview...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... effort to maintain operating safety without catastrophic failure by fracture. It requires an understanding of how cracks affect structural integrity and strength and the time that a crack can grow before it exceeds permissible size. The chapter describes some of methods used to determine maximum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... structure <5 μm >10 μm <100 ppm Moderate Raman Chemical structure >1 μm >1 μm <0.1 at.% Difficult Note: EDS, energy-dispersive spectroscopy; WDS, wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; TOF-SIMS, time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and aqua regia ( Ref 11.22 , 11.24 , 11.25 ). It is not surprising that the earliest documented case of SCC of zirconium occurred in FeCl 3 solutions ( Ref 11.2 ). Figure 11.1 illustrates the effect of FeCl 3 concentration on the time to failure of Zircaloy-4 at two stress levels: 207 and 276 MPa...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... embrittlement of the alloy and to very fast failure upon tensile loading, whereupon surface microcracks or microcrevices caused by localized corrosion may act as notches. Time to failure, therefore, is governed primarily by the time of local enrichment of hydrogen in the alloy as a result of corrosion. Similar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of austenitic stainless steels in various chloride media Analysis, wt% (a) Ferrite content, % 42% MgCl 2 at boiling point (b) Time to failure, h C Si Mn Cr Ni N 100 ppm NaCl at 250 °C (480 °F) 1000 ppm NaCl at 250 °C (480 °F) 0.020 0.46 0.83 18.28 15.10 0.07 0.5 219 28 10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... increases rapidly with molecular weight. Fig. 2 Effect of internal pressure on time-to-failure of polyethylene gas pipe at various temperatures. Ductile regime indicates yield failure. Slit regime indicates brittle failure. Source: Ref 10 One of the most important factors that causes brittle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... into engineering designs to ensure that failures will not occur. Fig. 12.2 Effect of humidity on tensile ductilities of unalloyed uranium ( Ref 12.12 ) and age-hardened U-0.75%Ti ( Ref 12.13 , 12.14 ) Measurement of the times to failure of smooth samples loaded either in tension or in four-point...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 2 S. 6× Fig. 8 Illustration of how a refinement in grain size improves resistance to hydrogen failure as measured by the time to failure of two strengths of AISI 4340 steels. Source: Ref 20 Fig. 4 Notch tensile strength of high-strength steel plotted against testing temperature...