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tie rod

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A tie rod on a 70-ton aircraft towing tractor failed during a test run, fracturing near a welded bracket that connects to a hydraulic jack. This chapter discusses the failure and the investigation that followed. It presents a close-up view of the fracture surface showing what appears...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... charged. In an aircraft, a tire burst occurred while charging the wheel. The hub of the wheel sheared off in the process. The damaged parts are shown in Fig. CH10.1 . The hub is made of two halves held together by three tie-rods, 120° apart. These hubs are made of magnesium-aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... presses. As shown in Fig. 9.5 , these presses generally have larger die space and higher tonnage. Most, but not all, straight-side presses have four-piece (tie-rod) frame that comprises a bed, columns (uprights), and a crown ( Fig. 9.5b ). These components are held together by prestressed tie rods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... to improve physical and mechanical properties of the extrusion. The press requires a rigid structure with a tie rod and platen to withstand the associated stresses. Modern presses use prestressed tie-rod construction with long die stacks to provide minimum deflection to improve the extrusion tolerance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... the metal to increase the strength and hardness or by using stronger materials. Buckling is a critical consideration in long, slender parts that must resist compressive axial forces. Typical examples are building and scaffolding columns, engine connecting rods and push rods, and tie rods in automotive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... will cost to provide that requirement, that is, the cost of a function. Following the development due to Ashby ( Ref 12.12 ), it is desired that the material for a solid cylindrical tie-rod of length L to carry a tensile force P with a safety factor S be of a minimum mass. The mass is given...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... or alongside the press uprights. The main advantages of this design, compared to top-drive presses, are that (a) a lighter frame can be used, since the frame is only guiding the slide and housing the control and auxiliary systems, (b) no tie-rods are required, and (c) presses can be installed in places...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., where these compositions intersect temperature T 3 , is the tie line. Eutectic phase diagrams can also be constructed from free energy curves. Consider the temperatures indicated on the phase diagram in Fig. 6.15(f) and the free energy curves for these temperatures ( Fig. 6.15a – e ). When...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... of the frame is achieved by using various designs such as cast (or welded) structures prestressed by forged tie rods or laminated plates assembled through large transverse pins. As can be seen in Fig. 11.2 , the two principal types of press construction are designated as “pull-down” and “push-down...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... design and water temperature control Casting distortion after quenching in solutionizing High Medium Quench orientation, hanging vs. lying down Mold distortion. Reference 2 illustrates the use of mold inserts to reduce the distortion and the use of tie rods in the tooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... There are many tutorials about the application of the lever rule in Ref 15 . However, this rule can only be applied in true phase diagrams. A simple rule to make sure a diagram is a true phase diagram is to check if the tie-lines are in the plane of the diagram. That is, the steel composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... oxides). A strong nitride former. Does not form a carbide in steel Titanium (Ti) An important element in microalloyed steels. Added to increase strength and hardness of steel by grain-size control (grain refinement). Very strong carbide and nitride former. Important element to “getter” or tie up...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... with MnO. Type II MnS inclusions form as clusters of very fine rods in an interdendritic distribution. Figure 9.6 shows sets of the MnS rods in a deep-etched as-cast steel specimen ( Ref 9.16 ). Metallographic two-dimensional sections through such colonies of rods would show these inclusions as having...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... cross section for thermal energy neutrons; thus, it is highly opaque to thermal neutrons, in contrast to the very low absorption cross section of zirconium, and is used as nuclear reactor control rods. Previously, the principal application of hafnium was as a neutron absorption material. However, more...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... elements are 100 ppm carbon, 200 ppm oxygen, 100 ppm nitrogen, and only 15 ppm hydrogen. Niobium and its alloys are protected from these impurities by melting and casting in vacuum or by processing in sacrificial molybdenum containers. Small alloying additions of zirconium and yttrium are added to tie up...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... joined by brazing. Fusion welding is not advisable in most situations, although beryllium can be fusion welded with aluminum filler metals with extreme care. Beryllium can be extruded into bar, rod, and tubing or rolled into sheet. The surface of beryllium can be polished to a very reflective mirror...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... in length are transmitted to the sensor by means of a push rod. The specimen is enclosed in a thermal mantle, which is heated or cooled by passage of gas. Temperatures are measured by a thermocouple and plotted on one axis of an x-y recorder, and changes in length are recorded simultaneously. Fig. 12.9...