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thinning characteristics

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract The need for precise targeted interactive surgery on boards or modules is the main driver of backside preparation technology. This article assists the analyst in making decisions on backside thinning and polishing requirements. Thinning of the substrates can be accomplished by flat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... All of the rivets on the failed blade were missing and sections of skin were torn from most of the rivet holes. One such rivet hole was examined in a SEM, revealing corrosion on one of the tear surfaces and dimples (characteristic of ductile overload failure) on the other. In addition, the inner...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Fig. CH12.4 Some of the wires failed in tension, showing cup and cone fracture Fig. CH12.5 Fracture surface of one of the wires showing dimples characteristic of tensile failure Conclusion The snapping of the cable was due to excessive thinning of its strands due to contact wear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... 17 Multi-element x-ray map on a thin sample using a silicon drift detector. X-Ray Map Artifacts A significant background artifact in x-ray mapping is due to the fact that the energy window used for each element cannot distinguish between characteristic x-rays and Bremsstralung x-rays...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.itfdtktmse.t56060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-440-6
... to 10 Pa during deposition ( Ref 3 ). While the resulting thin film generally exhibits the columnar structure characteristic of PVD coatings, higher pressures tend to derive a microstructure characterized by columnar voids (Zone 1 microstructure). Conversely, lower pressures tend to yield a very fine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.itfdtktmse.9781627084406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-440-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Together with steel chemistry, processing steps create the many microstructures that may form in each of the great variety of steels. The term microstructure derives its meaning from the fact that microscopy is required to resolve characteristic features of steel internal structures that range in size...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... This is because the properties or characteristics of electrons are different than those of light used in the light microscope. Metals are opaque to light but are transparent to electrons, at least to a limited extent. Thus, electrons can penetrate a steel sample, and, if it is thin enough, it can become...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Transistors are the most important active structure of any semiconductor component. Performance characteristics of such devices within the specifications are key to ensuring proper functionality and long-term reliability of the product. In this article, a summary of the semiconductor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... is described in terms of radiation ( Ref 1 ). Table 6.1 compares some characteristics of visible light and electrons. Some features of visible light compared to x-rays and electrons Table 6.1 Some features of visible light compared to x-rays and electrons Feature Visible light X-rays Electrons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... is greatest, again redistributing the deformation away from the potentially thinning area. This makes austenitic stainless steels particularly suitable for stretch forming. Deep Drawing. Deep drawing, referred to simply as drawing, without stretching requires a different material characteristic. For drawing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... thinning and interior wall thickening Introduce induction heating and cooling to limit the heated axial tube length prior to making the bend Spade bit Unable to achieve center web thickness at programmed force and sufficient flow to wings Adjust the die angle to create more shear stress, enabling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Abstract This chapter begins with an overview of the history of ion nitriding. This is followed by sections that describe how the ion nitriding process works, glow discharge characteristics, process parameters requiring good control, and the applications of plasma processing. The chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of materials and assembled into an array. Failure analysis techniques of full modules need to be general enough to adapt to all forms of modules. Crystalline or polycrystalline Si panels use multiple cells assembled onto a glass superstrate to form a module. Thin film photovoltaic materials including amorphous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... diffraction, and neutron diffraction. These techniques provide information on the chemical composition of the material, microstructure and phase analysis, and also the surface characteristics. From a failure investigation point of view, the characterization of boiler tubes entails the determination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... pigment residue can be tolerated in subsequent operations. (c) Phosphoric acid cleaner-coaters are often sprayed on parts to clean the surface and leave a thin phosphate coating. (d) Phosphoric acid for cleaning and iron phosphating. Proprietary products for high- and low-temperature application...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses radiography methods using x-rays, gamma rays, and neutrons. It begins with a discussion on the applications and principles of radiography followed by sections providing information on the sources of radiation, classifications, and characteristics of x-ray tubes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... or alloy, with maximum hardness at the surface gradually dropping to moderate hardness at the center. On the other hand, Fig. 9(b) and (d) both show steep, precipitous strength gradients. This type of strength gradient is characteristic of some surface-hardened steels with very thin cases, steep drops...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... number 5 or higher. Older energy dispersive units with beryllium window detectors are limited to atomic number 11 or higher. Typical uses are: Qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis for major and minor elements in metals and alloys Determination of composition and thickness of thin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... properties of reactive thermoset systems, while the second utilizes these thermal characteristics as the basis for monitoring and control during processing. thermoset resins chromatography infrared spectroscopy physical test thermal analysis THERMOSETTING RESINS are unique among engineering...