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thermodynamic properties

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... following the laws of thermodynamics. The thermodynamic properties of individual phases can be used for evaluating their relative stability and heat evolution during phase transformations or reactions. Traditionally, one of the most common applications of chemical thermodynamics is for the construction and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... became possible to use more complex descriptions of thermodynamic properties and move from binary and ternary alloys to actual multicomponent alloys used in industrial practice. Although the scientific methodology had been available to do this for some time, practical applications required a minimum of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract Gas-metal reactions can have a significant impact on metals and alloys, affecting their properties (during processing) and accelerating service failures, particularly in hot, corrosive environments. This chapter discusses the kinetics of gas-metal reactions and how they are driven by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter begins by presenting a generic eutectic phase diagram and identifying critical points, lines, and features. It then describes the composition and properties of aluminum-silicon and lead-tin eutectic systems, the characteristics of eutectic morphologies, the solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the formation of martensite and bainite in steel and other alloys. It describes the morphology of both types of structures, the factors that influence their formation, how they respond to tempering processes, and their effect on mechanical properties and behaviors. It also discusses the role of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... reverses abruptly (more abrupt than a typical smooth “retro-grade”). This particular change can occur only if there is an accompanying abrupt change in the temperature dependence of the thermodynamic properties of either of the two phases involved (in this instance, δ or λ in relation to the boundary). The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., and intersections in it, are controlled by thermodynamic principles and the thermodynamic properties of all of the phases that constitute the system. The phase field rule specifies that at constant temperature and pressure, the number of phases in adjacent fields in a multicomponent diagram must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the grain boundaries of α, then the strength and ductility of the alloy is largely dictated by properties of the β phase. Additional examples of applications of phase diagrams developed by thermodynamics modeling and computer simulation are given in Chapter 13, “Computer Simulation of Phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... metals also have different crystalline structure as a function of temperature. For example, solid iron has different crystal structures (and magnetic properties) as a function of temperature. The physical change in the arrangement of iron atoms represents a phase change. Allotropy is the general term...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... first described by Gibbs in his treatment of the thermodynamic stability of undercooled or supersaturated phases. It is does not involve a nucleation step, which is the mechanism of classical nucleation and growth ( Fig. 9.15a ) of precipitates from a metastable solid solution. Instead, spinodal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
.... , Structure and Properties of Engineering Materials , 4th ed. , McGraw-Hill Book Company , 1977 A.7 “ Determining Average Grain Size ,” E112 - 96 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International , 1999 , p 237 – 259 A.8 Askeland D.R. , The Science and Engineering of Materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter provides a thorough review of the crystal structure of beryllium and its elastic, thermal, and nuclear properties. It also includes information on electrical and optical properties and an extensive amount of data in the form of tables and plots. beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... References Brewer L.M. , 1950a . Thermodynamic Properties of Common Gases , The Chemistry and Metallurgy of Miscellaneous Materials , Quill L.F. , Ed., McGraw-Hill, NY , p 60 – 75 Brewer L.M. , 1950b . Thermodynamic Properties of Halides , The Chemistry and Metallurgy of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and applications of beryllium intermetallic compounds. It describes the crystal structure of key beryllides, the metals they contain, and important properties such as high-temperature strength, thermal conductivity and expansion, oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Sillen L.G. , 1957 . Stability Constants, Part 1: Organic Ligands , Stability Constants of Metal-Ion Complexes , 1st ed. , The Chemical Society , London Brewer L.M. , 1950a . Thermodynamic Properties of Common Gases , The Chemistry and Metallurgy of Miscellaneous Materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, and uses of the most common beryllium alloys and composites. It provides information on beryllium-aluminum, beryllium-copper, and beryllium-titanium as well as beryllium-antimony and beryllium-iron systems. alloying elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... effect of temperature, pressure, and other process variables on the microstructures and properties developed. beryllium chemical vapor deposition electroplating ion plating microstructure physical vapor deposition plasma arc spraying sputtering thermal evaporation THIS CHAPTER deals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Machining of Beryllium , Microstructures , Vol 1 , p 25 – 28 Brewer L.M. , 1950a . Thermodynamic Properties of Common Gases , The Chemistry and Metallurgy of Miscellaneous Materials , Quill L.F. , Ed., McGraw-Hill, NY , p 60 – 75 Brewer L.M. , 1950b . Thermodynamic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.9781627082983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3