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thermal radiation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... temperature and UV radiation will accelerate the oxidation process. Oxygen that is aided by heat (thermal oxidation) and UV radiation (photo-oxidation) will attack the bonds in a polymer chain. Depending on the material, oxygen may either form carbonyl groups or cross link. Oxidation can also occur when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... popular technique for thermal detection; it detects an object’s temperature from its infrared emission based on blackbody radiation physics [5] . The fundamental of blackbody radiation is described in detail in the next section. IR thermography with lock-in detection is the focus of this article...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article covers the thermal analysis and thermal properties of engineering plastics with respect to chemical composition, chain configuration, and/or conformation of the base polymers. The thermal analysis techniques covered are differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... technique and its value to the thermoset resin field. Epoxy resins are emphasized in the examples because they dominate the airframe and aerospace industries. The article also provides information on two categories of characterization of the processing behavior of thermoset. The first studies the thermal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Coal-based thermal power plants play a major role in the welfare of many nations and the overall global economy. This chapter describes the basic equipment requirements and operating principles of thermal power plants, particularly subcritical, supercritical, and ultra-supercritical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., lightning strikes, thermal oxidation, and extreme temperatures. It also discusses the factors that influence flammability. environmental degradation flammability heat damage lightning strikes polymeric matrix composites thermo-oxidative stability ultraviolet radiation EXPOSURE OF COMPOSITES...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses radiography methods using x-rays, gamma rays, and neutrons. It begins with a discussion on the applications and principles of radiography followed by sections providing information on the sources of radiation, classifications, and characteristics of x-ray tubes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of interstitial and vacancy mechanisms control the degree of enrichment or depletion of a particular solute. In broad terms, the RIS profiles near grain boundaries in stainless steel parallel those that often develop from thermal exposure (segregation/sensitization), with radiation-inducing enrichment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... the device surface. At the surface, this thermal energy forms a hot-spot from which it radiates off as infrared waves that are detected by an IR-sensitive camera. Despite the degradation in lateral resolution owed to lateral spreading of the thermal wave, lock-in thermography does allow for the detection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter, a detailed account of furnaces and related equipment for heat treating, begins by describing three basic modes of heat transmission, namely conduction, convection, and radiation, followed by a discussion on the working principle, applications, advantages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... input into even the most sophisticated temperature measurement and control systems will produce poor results. Temperature is a measure of the ability to transfer heat. Heat may be transferred by conduction, convection (actually conduction to a fluid followed by translation), and by thermal radiation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., at least initially, to the surfaces of exposed plastic products. Oxidative degradation initiated by either purely thermal means or by UV radiation occurs initially at the surfaces, because that is where oxygen concentration is the greatest. In order for oxidation to occur deeper in a specimen, it must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... the circuits from the back of the die or wafer. This has given rise to several infrared techniques for fault location and failure analysis. We use mid-wave infrared microscopes, from 2 to 4 microns to detect thermal infrared radiation, to locate short circuits by their joule heating. With careful calibration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... pertinent to structure analysis. This is followed by a review of the characterization of plastics by infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The article then provides information on the distribution of molecular weight of an engineering plastic. It further discusses the methods used in thermal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., thermal properties, magnetic properties, and optical properties. Some physical properties for a number of metals are given in a table. physical properties electrical properties thermal properties magnetic properties optical properties metals THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES of a material are those...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... affect impact and tensile strength, shrinkage, thermal expansion, and thermal conductivity. It examines the relationship between tensile modulus and temperature, provides thermal property data for selected plastics, and discusses the effect of chemical exposure, operating temperature, and residual stress...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... specific heat and thermal conductivity Structure and radiator fins of thermoelectric power for moon exploration High specific heat Light weight High thermal output in oxidation Others Copper-beryllium springs Greater corrosion resistance High electrical and thermal conductivity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., microstructure, and thermal history. Sensitization is particularly detrimental to austenitic stainless steels, and in many cases, eliminating it will eliminate the susceptibility to SCC. The chapter includes an extensive amount of data and illustrations. hydrogen embrittlement stainless steel stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., and, to a certain extent, radiation in a neutron environment above room temperature [ Scaffidi-Argentina et al. 2000 ]. Small levels of impurities and displacement damage have little effect on thermal conductivity [ Billone et al. 1995 ]. However, the presence of as-fabricated porosity and/or helium bubbles can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... be contrasted to nonelectric-based ones, such as fossil-fuel heating, in which problems such as those associated with thermal inertia of the furnace make quick response, process control, and high-speed automation more difficult. The important elements of almost all process-control systems for induction...