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thermal embrittlement

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Published: 01 October 2005
Fig. 5.9 XSP of crack tip showing successive stages of crack propagation in a thermally embrittled stainless steel. Source: Ref 14 , 15 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... solution for 1000 h using proof-ring tensile specimens Effect of Residual Elements on Thermal Embrittlement Maraging steels fracture intergranularly at low impact energies if improperly processed after hot working. This problem, known as thermal embrittlement, occurs when maraging steels...
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 18 Schematic diagram showing thermal cycles leading to the reversal of temper embrittlement and the de-embrittlement heat treatment More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... of embrittlement can lead to brittle fracture. Many forms can occur during thermal treatment or elevatedtemperature service (thermally induced embrittlement). Some of these forms of embrittlement, which affect steels, include blue brittleness, 885 F (475 C) embrittlement, quench-age embrittlement, sigma-phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.9781627084567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... A chemical substance that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water; also a substance that dissociates to produce a proton (H+) in any medium, that is, a proton donor. Compare with base. acid embrittlement. A form of hydrogen embrittlement that may be induced in some metals by acid. acid rain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... with liquid oxygen and liquid fluorine. Hydrogen-environment embrittlement is unique to low-temperature hydrogen systems and is also discussed. chemical compatibility hydrogen embrittlement liquid fluorine liquid oxygen 10.1 Introduction In the broadest possible sense, the compatibility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., namely plasticization, solvation, swelling, environmental stress cracking, polymer degradation, surface embrittlement, and temperature effects. chemical susceptibility thermal oxidative degradation photo-oxidative degradation environmental corrosion chemical corrosion plasticization solvation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... refineries can cause material-related problems such as embrittlement, creep, thermal fatigue, hot corrosion, and oxidation. It also discusses the factors and considerations involved in determining design life, defining failure criteria, and implementing remaining-life-assessment procedures. chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... hard and brittle compound of iron and carbon (Fe 3 C). Depending on the thermal history, cementite will appear as lamellae (with ferrite), spheroids, or globules in a ferritic matrix. Microstructures that are formed upon cooling and the proportions of each are dependent on austenitization time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., microstructure, and thermal history. Sensitization is particularly detrimental to austenitic stainless steels, and in many cases, eliminating it will eliminate the susceptibility to SCC. The chapter includes an extensive amount of data and illustrations. hydrogen embrittlement stainless steel stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... corrosion liquid metal embrittlement solubility 16.1 Introduction Liquid metals are frequently used as a heat-transfer medium because of their excellent heat-transfer properties, such as high thermal conductivities, high heat capacities, and low vapor pressures. Various metals have been...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes used in manufacturing to thermally alter the properties of metals and alloys. It begins with a review of the iron-carbon system, the factors that affect hardenability, and the use of continuous cooling transformation diagrams. It then explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., and the factors that determine shell integrity. The discussion addresses key properties and design parameters including allowable stress, fracture toughness, the effect of microstructure and composition on embrittlement, high-temperature creep, and subcritical crack growth. The chapter also provides information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... at temperatures greater than approximately 0.3 to 0.5 of the absolute melting point. In creep, thermal activation enables plastic deformation at stresses below those needed to deform the lattice without thermal activation. When a metal is placed under a constant load, it stretches elastically but also gradually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes the causes of cracking, embrittlement, and low toughness in carbon and low-alloy steels and their differentiating fracture surface characteristics. It discusses the interrelated effects of composition, processing, and microstructure and contributing factors such as hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... be used to compute the fracture toughness of the material. A compact specimen of a thermally embrittled stainless steel was fatigue-precracked, then loaded monotonically to extend the crack. The cracked area was heat-tinted for easy identification and then the fracture surfaces opened ( Ref 14 , 15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-phosphorus alloy plating Ceramic (WC, CrC, aluminum oxide) or cobalt-base coatings applied by thermal spray processes ( Fig. 16.2 ) Physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings such as TiN and TiAlN Fig. 16.2 Application of thermal spray coating on a shaft. Courtesy of ASB Industries, Inc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... This transformation and the resulting residual stresses caused cracking of the gear. Temper etch examination of the gear using dilute nitric acid in water in the regions of cracking showed evidence of localized abusive grinding. Fig. 2 Large gear that cracked during grinding operations. Localized thermal...