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texture gradients

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... provides information on subcritical annealing, the examination and control of texture, the use of optical microscopy to monitor the effects of recrystallization, and the effect of cold working on threaded fasteners, nails, and filaments used to manufacture cords. References References 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... that separate or lubricate surfaces, including solid film, chemical conversion, and vacuum coatings, surface oiling and texturing, and lubricating platings. It compares and contrasts methods based on thickness and depth and their relative effect on friction, erosion, and wear. coatings friction and wear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract Although zirconium resists stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) where many alloys fail, it is susceptible in Fe3+- and Cu2+-containing solutions, concentrated HNO3, halogen vapors, mercury, cesium, and CH3OH + halides. This chapter explains how composition, texture, stress levels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
..., namely dimensional, surface finish texture, metallurgical, and residual stress. The following section presents the tests that simulate gear action, namely the rolling contact fatigue test, the single-tooth fatigue test, the single-tooth single-overload test, and the single-tooth impact test. Finally...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... the answer. Also, is there a hardness (stiffness) difference between hairs from people of different races? Nanoindentation can answer the question. Atomic force microscopy (see Chapter 3, “Dealing with Friction in Design Engineering,” in this book) can measure the surface texture of individual hairs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... until the 350 °F (175 °C) cure temperature is reached. On the other hand, one can use a slow heat-up rate such as 1 to 2 °F/min (0.6 to 1.2 °C) and gel the resin at temperatures as much as 15 to 30 °C (25 to 50 °F) below the final 350 °F (175 °C) cure temperature. A resin fraction gradient through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... a positive temperature gradient, heat is removed from the liquid by conduction through the growing solid. Since the temperature gradient is linear and uniform perpendicular to the interface, a smooth interface is maintained, and the growth is planar into the liquid ( Fig. 7.1a ). When there is a temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... particles), and this is the situation with droplet erosion. However, metal coatings such as thermal spray deposits of metals, cermets, and ceramics can be susceptible to damage by fracture. Often, the coatings can spall since they are held to metal surfaces by mostly mechanical locking to surface texture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Miller’s indices for space lattices. (a) Designation of lattice planes. (b) Examples of planes in the cubic lattice. (c) Examples of directions in the cubic lattice Fig. 4.63 Representation of textures in pole figures. [111] pole figure from the section core of an extruded AlCuMg bar [Moe 75...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Influence of texture on fatigue crack growth in Ti-6Al-4V. Fatigue crack growth rates are higher when basal planes are loaded in tension. The elastic modulus in tension for the basal texture (B) is 109 GPa (15.8 × 10 6 psi); for the transverse texture (T), 126 GPa (18.3 × 10 6 psi). The yield stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Discontinuities Cracking Associated with Welding Porosity Inclusions Oxide Films Second Phases Hot Tears Metal Penetration Surface Defects Design and Service Considerations Fracturing Buckling and Wrinkling Shape Distortion Loose Metal Undesirable Surface Textures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... to recognize unless a strong light is positioned so that it just grazes the projections of the surface texture. (See Fig. 2 to 7 for illustrations of these marks.) Brittle fractures of some parts may have a pattern of radial lines, or ridges, emanating from the origin in a fanlike pattern. Again, it may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
.... Original magnification 5×; note that fracture nuclei differ in texture from the main fracture surface Fig. 10 An example of a large piston rod fracture from a forging hammer. The fracture originated at the surface due to severe friction during contact with the interior of the hole in the upper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... point of crack initiation (at arrow), chevron and fanlike marks, and development of shear lips. (b) Fracture-origin area at 5×; note that fracture nuclei differ in texture from the main fracture surface. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 5 Examples of stress-strain curves requiring foot correction. D...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.9781627083423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... form from slow cooling of slabs or hot bands. This latter sigma forms at grain boundaries and will cause embrittlement and reduced corrosion resistance, so it must not only be redissolved, but also the alloy must be homogenized to remove the residual concentration gradients from the sigma...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and substrate that can further augment the production of ions. When these ions are accelerated by the substrate, their high-energy impact contributes substantially to the deposit adhesion. If either an inert or reactive gas is introduced and the voltage gradient is adequate, a plasma will be generated. This can...