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ternary system

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...-nickel alloy system. eutectic reactions peritectic reactions space model ternary phase diagram TERNARY SYSTEMS are those having three components. It is not possible to describe the composition of a ternary alloy with a single number or fraction, as was done with binary alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... (Fe, Mn, Ni, Cr, V, Ti) and with metals such as Mg and Cu. This chapter is a compilation of phase diagrams, microstructure images, and tables, providing information on more than 30 binary, ternary, and quaternary alloy systems associated with intermetallic phases in aluminum-silicon castings. Each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... for the complicated ternaries and becomes practically impossible for higher-order systems over a wide range of compositions and temperatures. Commercial alloys are multicomponent in nature, and a more efficient approach is needed in the determination of multicomponent phase diagrams. In recent years...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... diagram data and used to predict the minimum melting temperatures in the three possible ternary systems, Ti-Zr-Be, Ti-Hf-Be, and Zr-Hf-Be. Kaufman and Tanner [1979] and Tanner and Ray [1979] also made contributions to the information about the glass-forming ability of the binary and ternary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... The presence of intermediate phases is also described. Finally, a brief section provides some information on ternary phase diagrams. phase diagrams eutectic alloy system aluminum-silicon eutectic system lead-tin eutectic system free energy curves peritectic reactions monotectic reactions solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... , Madelung O. (Editor-in-Chief), Vol IV / 11 : Ternary Alloy Systems. Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data , Subvolumes A to C, Springer , 2004–2006 • Garg S.P. , Venkatraman M. , Krishnamurthy N. , and Krishnan R. , Ed., Phase Diagrams of Binary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... grain boundaries. An important practical question has to do with how much iron impurity is necessary for the ternary compound to be stable in the ternary system Be-Fe-Al. Detailed investigation of the beryllium-rich corner of this ternary system was performed by Myers and Smugeresky [1976 , 1978...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of AIME , 1989 One of the best examples of alloying to influence physical properties is iron alloyed with nickel in the range of 30 to 60% in order to tailor coefficients of thermal expansion to requirements. Low-expansion alloys, which also include several iron-nickel-base ternary systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... Fig. 2.14 Phase diagram with a peritectic reaction Fig. 2.18 The titanium-iron system Fig. 2.19 The titanium-aluminum system Fig. 2.20 Ternary equilibrium diagram Fig. 2.21 Liquidus surface of ternary alloy A, B, and C. Temperature, °F Fig. 2.11...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
.... In a ternary system, on the other hand, it is possible to develop two-phase areas in the diffusion zone because of the extra degree of freedom. The diffusion zone morphology, which develops during solid-state interaction in a ternary couple, is defined by type, structure, number, shape, and topological...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... components, and therefore, their phase relationships as a function of temperature and composition are represented by ternary phase diagrams. In the case of systems with more than three components, diagrams that combine the various austenite- and ferrite-stabilizing elements are established, and the phases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of silicon on the critical temperature of cast iron containing 3.3 wt% C. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 3 Effect of silicon on the eutectic temperatures of austenite-graphite and austenite-cementite. Source: Ref 2 , adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 1 Ternary equilibrium diagram at 2% Si for iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to certain models that take into consideration nonideal chemical interactions in solution phases. These databases are based on the critical evaluation of thermodynamic and phase equilibria data for binary, ternary, and some higher-order systems, which are then assembled into self-consistent databases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... In Fe-Cu Based Ternary Systems , ISIJ Int. , Vol 37 ( No. 3 ), 1997 , p 207 – 216 10.2355/isijinternational.37.207 19.18 Imai N. , Komatsubara N. , and Kunishige K. , Effect of Cu, Sn, and Ni on Hot Workability of Hot-Rolled Mild Steel , ISIJ Int. , Vol 37 ( No. 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... bond energies and chemical potentials, and shows how the equilibrium state of an alloy can be obtained from free-energy curves. binary solid solutions chemical potential Gibbs free energy interatomic bonds phase diagrams single-component systems thermodynamics THERMODYNAMICS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... precedes knowledge of the iron-carbon equilibrium phase diagram as well as knowledge of the constituents and microstructures that could be associated with compositions in the iron-carbon system. It is sufficient to recall that, as discussed in Chapter 8, “Solidification, Segregation, and Nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... 0.13V, 0.49Ni In the discussion of AISI 440C in Chapter 13 , the 1100 °C Fe-Cr-C ternary phase diagram ( Fig. 13.10 ) was used to illustrate the expected composition of the austenite prior to quenching. To simplify the presentation, the addition of the 0.75% Mo in this steel was ignored...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... of failures is imperative, such as bridges and boilers, and the military specifications are used for military applications. Cross references between AISI and ASTM numbers, as well as with the numbering system used in foreign countries, can be found in Ref 6.2 and 6.3 . Steel castings, such as those used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... alloys, because the presence of other elements affects the oxidation process. In commercial nickel-base superalloy development, efforts in composition development have long passed the ternary nickel-chromium-aluminum system. Quinary (5-element) or higher superalloy compositions are the rule, with major...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... or not the presence of silicon near the gold-aluminum interface has an influence on the stability and rate of formation of the damaging intermetallic phase. An examination of the phase relationships in the Al-Al 2 Au-Si subternary system showed no stable ternary Al-Au-Si phases. It was suggested instead...