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tensile test

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of the tensile testing procedure used for evaluating metals and alloys. The discussion covers the stress-strain behavior of metals determined by tensile testing, properties determined from testing, test machines for measuring mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... Although the three-point test requires less material, the four-point test has the advantage that uniform tensile or compressive stresses are produced over the area between the loading points, not just under the center loading point, as in the three-point bending test. Fig. 13.2 Three- and four-point...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the stress-strain response of materials, how it is measured, and how it used to set performance expectations. It begins by describing the common tensile test and how it sheds light on the elastic design of structures as well as plasticity and fracture behaviors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Abstract This chapter explains how to determine flow stress and forgeability using data from tensile tests, compression tests, ring tests, and torsion tests. It describes sample preparation, tooling and equipment, test procedures, error sources, and data plotting techniques. It also provides a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract This chapter explains how metallography and hardness testing are used to evaluate the quality and condition of metal products. It also discusses the use of tensile testing, fracture toughness and impact testing, fatigue testing, and nondestructive test methods including ultrasonic, x...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the various inspection methods used with metals and alloys, namely visual inspection, coordinate measuring machines, machine vision, hardness testing, tensile testing, chemical analysis, metallography, and nondestructive testing. The nondestructive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract Metals are used in many engineering applications because of their mechanical properties, particularly strength and ductility. This chapter explains how mechanical properties are measured and how to interpret the results. It describes the most widely used tests, including tensile tests...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Important tensile properties that can be determined by the tensile test include yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, ductility, resilience, and toughness. The chapter describes the effects of stress concentrations on ductile metals under cyclic loads. Other topics covered include combined stresses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the factors that influence the load-deformation relationship at the heart of most metal forming operations. It describes the changes that occur in tensile test samples and the various ways test data can be plotted and analyzed, particularly for design purposes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...-defined chevron marks along the fracture surface that end in a shear lip on the convex side. Further examination using a SEM shows that the failure was due to overload. Based on these observations and the results of tensile testing and microstructural analysis, investigators concluded that a sudden impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This report describes the failure of a gas turbine in a combined-cycle power plant and the examination and tests that were conducted to determine the cause. Based on microstructural analysis, hardness measurements, and tensile tests, the failure was attributed to inadequate clearances...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Corrosion testing and monitoring are powerful tools in the fight to control corrosion. This chapter provides a general overview of three major categories of corrosion tests, namely laboratory tests, pilot-plant tests, and field tests. It begins with brief sections describing the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... tensile stress. In order to determine the susceptibility of aluminum alloys to SCC, several types of testing are available. If the objective of testing is to predict the service behavior or to screen alloys for service in a specific environment, it is often necessary to obtain SCC information in a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., wear, fracture toughness, and tensile strength as well as temperature effects, residual stress, and quality control. hardness hardness testing References 1. O’Neill H. : The Hardness of Metals and Its Measurement , Chapman & Hall, Ltd. , London...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Treatment of Data Obtained Using DCB Precracked Specimens , Corrosion , Vol 39 ( No. 10 ), 1983 , p 379 – 383 10.5006/1.3593875 Historically, service failures caused by SCC have been identified with sustained tensile stress; thus, SCC testing has developed around the use of static loading...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... encounters hidden pores. Microhardness testing and measurement of case depth are covered by Metal Powder Industries Federation standard MPIF 37. Metal Powder Industries Federation standard 10 describes specimens for tensile testing. Specimens include flat unmachined test bars or machined rounds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and insulating materials D 882 527–3 Tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting D 1043 458–1 Stiffness properties of plastics as a function of temperature by means of a torsion test D 1044 9352 Resistance of transparent plastics to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of polycarbonate (PC), for example, is 2.1 GPa (0.30 × 10 6 psi) as compared to 210 GPa (30.0 × 10 6 psi) for steel. Although ductile metals often undergo local necking during a tensile test, followed by failure in the neck, many ductile plastics exhibit the phenomenon of a propagating neck...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in the early 1900s ( Ref 7 , 8 ). Standard test methods included tensile testing with “dogbone” specimens, where the breaking strength was obtained. By the 1920s, standard tests for tear strength, using “trouser-type” specimens, were in use. Such methods are still in common use, the tensile test to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in HIPS as the fatigue test progresses. These events are understandable, considering ABS undergoes shear yielding mechanisms and the HIPS undergoes crazing that requires a tensile component of stress. Crazing results from fibrillation or polymeric drawing ahead of the fatigue flaw. The advancement of...