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sustainable production

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
.... A huge range of products in this industry segment is also illustrated. The need for sustainable production and recyclability is also discussed. aluminum alloys aluminum cans aluminum foil packaging products recyclability sustainable production Finishing process for thin aluminum foil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... eight indicators of sustainability ( Ref 16.1 ): Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (tons CO 2 /ton steel cast) Energy intensity (GJ/ton steel cast) Material efficiency (% of by-products reused) Environmental management systems (EMS) (% of employees) Lost time injury frequency rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... economy as we deal with pressures from a growing population and a climate emergency? Prior chapters have dealt with aluminum production and its use to provide food, shelter, transportation, and entertainment to the world. Achieving these goals in a sustainable manner implies that our material choices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... usually controls applications of products that are of thick section or are machined or applied in ways that result in sustained tensile stresses in the short-transverse direction. More resistant tempers are preferred in these cases. Effects of Product Form...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of Activity-Based Costing (ABC). ABC involves the braking down of all aspects of the operation into basic units or “activities”. These activities can be hierarchically divided into Facility sustaining, Product sustaining, Batch, and Unit costs. Facility sustaining costs are those needed to keep the laboratory...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... is still in use today due to recycling and product longevity ( Ref 16.1 ). Thus, aluminum offers low-carbon, sustainable solutions for both retrofitting and new commercial and residential buildings. Aluminum is the second most common metal used in building designs, second only to steel. This chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... such as packaging, automobiles, and electronics. Chapters 11 – 19 , in this book, take note of the recycling issues for the alloys and products used to supply the various market segments. Chapter 20 also revisits the larger issue of aluminum sustainability, carbon footprint, and recycled content in the midst...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., resistance of 2 xxx alloys in T3 or T4 tempers or of 7 xxx alloys in T6 tempers may suffice. Resistance in the short-transverse direction usually controls application of products that are of thick section or are machined or applied in ways that result in sustained tensile stresses in the short-transverse...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... engineering strain. alloy. A metallic material with at least one metal axial strain. The linear strain in a plane parallel in an amount suf cient to impart metallic to the longitudinal axis of the specimen. characteristics to the body. An alloy also may batch. A de nite quantity of some product or contain one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.9781627083096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... will be the first to be attacked when it is exposed to a corrosive environment. Sometimes such attack simply results in innocuous removal of the susceptible material, leaving a surface with improved corrosion resistance. The most susceptible defects that lead to sustained attack will control the form of corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract This chapter describes the factors that affect the corrosion performance of aluminum assemblies joined by methods such as welding, brazing, soldering, and adhesive bonding. The factors covered include galvanic effects, crevices, and assembly stresses in products susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... in the North American market ( Chapter 20, “Aluminum and Its Importance for Sustainability” in this book). 6061 versus 6082 The 6 xxx alloys fill an important niche in many markets for aluminum wrought products. They are available in all the major wrought product forms (extrusion, wire, rod, bar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... diffuse to sustain the corrosion process. Fig. 1.3 Uniform corrosion with solid corrosion product deposit. Details of the formation of oxide species are not considered at this point. Some Basic Terminology, Reactions, and Variables in Aqueous Corrosion The basic corrosion process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the engineering significance of steel and briefly describes its chemical composition, crystal structure, Fe-C phases, and associated characterization techniques. steel Humankind has used iron products since at least 1200 B.C. Even though iron is one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... the secondary process costs to a minimum. Knowledge of basic tooling design and the machining processes positions the company to be competitive. Very few component manufacturers have co-located the resources for both product design and process simulations. Companies who have facilities for machining, testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... The bulk material between the grain boundaries is not affected and therefore is cathodic. Corrosion products and, occasionally, cracking are produced on the surface of materials that corrode intergranularly. Intergranular corrosion can occur either alone, in conjunction with pitting corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... with current sheet steel production practice Research is underway at university laboratories and industry research centers to develop new AHSS types and to expand the strength ranges of current steels. The extraordinary mechanical properties can be tailored and adjusted by alloying and processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., US-DRIVE, whose focus is to drive research and innovation for vehicle efficiency and energy sustainability. A subsidiary of the USCAR is the U.S. Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP), whose focus is on developing materials and processes that enable the high-volume production of vehicles...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of austenitic manganese steels. It describes the standard composition ranges of commercial products and explains how various alloying elements affect mechanical properties, processing, and performance. The article also discusses special grades...