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surface layers

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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 6 Optical micrographs of surface layers produced on 3% Cr-Mo-V steel by plasma nitriding at 540 °C (1000 °F) for (a) 4 h, (b) 25 h, (c) 144 h, (d) 289 h, and (e) 400 h. Bright field, etched with 2% nital More
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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 7 X-ray diffraction patterns of surface layers produced on 3% Cr-Mo-V steel plasma nitrided at 540 °C (1000 °F) for (a) 4 h, (b) 25 h, (c) 144 h, (d) 289 h, and (e) 400 h. Cr K α radiation More
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Published: 01 September 2005
Fig. 1 Surface layers produced by carbonitriding of steel at 850 °C (1560 °F), where carbon predominates in the formation of a martensitic layer. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... accommodate stresses resulting from these differences in thermal expansion, as well as other mechanically induced stresses. Fig. 1 Schematic of a chemical-resistant dual-lining system that provides double protection to the substrate in the form of a flexible membrane and a rigid surface layer...
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 22.16 (a) Laser-melted surface layer on M42 tool steel. (b) Higher-magnification view of (a) showing partial melting of carbides at melt interface. Light micrographs. Courtesy of T. Bell, University of Birmingham. Source: Ref 22.57 More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 81 Relative grinding stress region through thin surface layer after gentle grinding conditions. Source: Ref 54 More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 82 Relative grinding stress region through thin surface layer after abusive or normal grinding conditions. Source: Ref 54 More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 4.54 Breakup of the surface layer in longitudinal welds in the production of aluminum hollow sections. (a) Meeting under the leg. (b) Breaking apart. (c) Clean longitudinal weld [ Ake 92 ] More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 5.28 Breakup of the surface layer in longitudinal welds. (a) Meeting under the leg. (b) Breaking apart. (c) Clean longitudinal weld [ Ake 92 ] More
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Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 8.11 Removal of a surface layer in compression modifies slightly the whole residual stress curve. Any stresses introduced by grinding further modify the curve More
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Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 8.21 Distribution of residual axial stresses in the surface layer of carburized cylindrical specimens subjected to roller burnishing at various maximum specific stress levels. Source: Ref 27 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 16-18 (a) Laser-melted surface layer on M42 tool steel. (b) Higher-magnification view of (a), showing particle melting of carbides at melt interface. Light micrographs. Courtesy of T. Bell, University of Birmingham More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 17-13 Microstructure of an M2 tap that failed because of a surface layer of retained austenite due to carburization during austenitizing. Light micrograph. 500× More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 37 Tool steel surface after nitriding. (a) White and diffusion layers (b) Coarse nitrides precipitated on grain boundaries. See text for discussion. Courtesy of Villares Metals More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.46 Schematics showing formation of oxide layers on steel surface at (a) temperature <570 °C (1060 °F) and (b) temperature >570 °C More
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Published: 01 March 2001
Fig. 15 Surface hardness of carbide layers by TRD process in relation to other surface-hardening processes. Source: Ref 71 More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 83 Hardness profile in the induction surface-hardened layer and microhardness profile in a very thin surface layer for bearing location “A”. Source: Ref 44 More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 84 Hardness profile in the induction surface-hardened layer and microhardness profile in a very thin surface layer for bearing location “C”. Source: Ref 44 More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 7.3 The microstructure of three parallel planar polished layers from the surface of a AISI SAE 1080 steel plate. (a) Near-surface layer of mostly ferrite and some pearlite in the decarburized zone. (b) Mostly pearlite and some ferrite at the prior austenite grain boundaries in the second More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... into the outer surface layers. It discusses several such surface-hardening processes, including carburizing, nitriding, carbonitriding, and nitrocarburizing. carbonitriding carburizing nitriding nitrocarburizing steels surface hardening THERE ARE MANY APPLICATIONS where a very hard surface...