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surface integrity

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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 7-42 Use of taper and radii to improve internal and surface integrity of fittings More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
.... In heavy sections the core may be used to reduce the grain size or to enhance heat treatment effects by increasing the surface area. An illustration of this approach is seen in Figure 7-19 . Surface Integrity The design of castings to reduce the occurrence of internal shrinkage has been addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and surface finish. As illustrated in Fig. 6.4 , there is a close relationship between dimensional tolerance and surface roughness. Material compatibility with selected manufacturing methods Table 6.1 Material compatibility with selected manufacturing methods Process Material compatibility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... controllers and heat-regulating devices. Integration of control functions is illustrated with examples related to heating of steel slabs, surface hardening of steel parts, vacuum induction melting for casting operations, and process optimization for electric-demand control. Distributed control within larger...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... decisions. It discusses the basic concepts of fusion welding and the differences between solid-solution-hardened and precipitation-hardened wrought superalloys. It addresses joint integrity, design, weld-related cracking, and the effect of grain size, precipitates, and contaminants. It covers common fusion...
Image
Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 28 Auger electron spectroscopy survey spectrum from integrated circuit chip solder pad failure surface More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... grinding. Titanium alloys are less forgiving of surface defects in fatigue-limited operations than are some metals. Care must be exercised to avoid the loss of surface integrity, especially during grinding, because even properly conducted grinding operations can result in surfaces that appreciably lower...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... Abstract The gravity permanent mold (GPM) process produces castings of high strength and integrity with good surface finish and consistent dimensions. This chapter lists castings produced using GPM and semipermanent mold (SPM). It illustrates the basic elements of a conventional tilt pour...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... for partial pressure processing or the integral quench atmosphere design. It should be noted that because ferritic nitrocarburizing takes place below the atmosphere design limits of an integral quench furnace, the furnace manufacturer should be consulted. Integral quench furnace doors are typically safety...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Integrity Surface integrity describes the many possible alterations that can be produced in a surface layer during manufacture, including their effects on material properties and the performance of the surface in service. The importance of surface integrity is even more important when high stresses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... because, as the tensile strength increases, the fracture toughness decreases and environmental sensitivity increases. In addition, the endurance limit of high-strength steels is extremely sensitive to surface condition, residual stress state, and the presence of inclusions that act as stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... be integrated in closed form. As discussed in Ref 7.3 , it is more convenient to solve this type of problem in an inverse fashion compared with conventional treatment. Rather than starting with a known bending moment, and determining the resulting surface strain, which would involve the solution of nonlinear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... process offers excellent surface finish, close tolerances, near-net shape, thin wall sections, high surface integrity, ability to handle fluids, and competitive cost for high-volume requirements. The process lends itself to high rates of production with high automation and yields high product consistency...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... Through hardening AISI 4140 (AMS 6382) (a) AISI 4340 (AMS 6414) HP 9-4-30 (AMS 6526) Maraging 300 (AMS 6514) Nitriding: Low-case, high surface hardness 60 HRC and higher Nitralloy 135M (AMS 6471) (a) Nitralloy N Nitriding: Deep-case, surface hardness below 60 HRC AISI 4140 (AMS 6382...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... but is not necessarily needed because van der Waals forces do the work once surface contact is initiated. Annealing at a high temperature (>1000C) makes the bond full strength. From an FA standpoint, this is the most difficult seal to break open or analyze. The question of how much to integrate MEMS with CMOS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.edfatr.t56090109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-462-8
... process for single plane and tomographic analysis (topography, dopant) on site-specific 3D devices for sub-14 nm, as shown in Fig. 8 ( Ref 5 ), and vertical integration architectures (e.g., 3D NAND), as shown in Fig. 9 ( Ref 6 ), will be needed. Sample surface requirements for an adequate SCM signal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...) or less, and excellent surface finishes can be obtained. Nickel-base superalloy castings are produced by investment casting under vacuum, while most cobalt-base superalloys are produced by investment casting in air. Improvements in properties have been made not only through control of composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... level towards the further and further integration of both technologies. Past systems allowed a clear separation of the board design and manufacturing and its individual components. Silicon dies were encapsulated in individual packages and assembled to their position on the board surface. Optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... ) is defined so that R T ( ν ) dν is the energy emitted per unit time in the frequency range ν to ν + dν from a unit area on a surface at temperature T. The integral of the spectral radiancy R T ( ν ) over all frequencies is known as the radiancy, R T , or R T = ∫ 0 ∞ R T...