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surface considerations

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... on corrosion resistance of stainless steel and reviewing some of the factors pertinent to balancing service environment, design requirements, and maintenance considerations. The chapter then discusses the various factors pertinent to important considerations in buildings, namely surface finish aesthetics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... temperature, and so forth. The major applications of induction technology include through heating, surface heating (for surface heat treatment), metal melting, welding, brazing, and soldering. This chapter summarizes the selection of equipment and related design considerations for these applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., fluid movement, surface preparation and coating procedures, and compatibility, insulation, and stress considerations. Design solutions for specific forms of corrosion, namely crevice corrosion, galvanic corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking, are then considered. A brief section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... surface hardening. Finally, some special considerations for stainless steel castings are discussed. austenitic stainless steel composition duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel heat treatment martensitic stainless steel precipitation-hardening stainless steel wrought stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... is considerably different from axial fatigue but that the two could be brought into coincidence when based on true surface stresses. Figure 7.1 shows some of the results. Fig. 7.1 Fatigue data under axial loading and rotating bending for 4130 steel. Source: Ref 7.1 The solid curve and circular...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract Separation of billets by shearing avoids material loss and is considerably faster than sawing or cutting. This chapter discusses the billet shearing process, the characteristics of sheared surfaces, and the effect of various operating parameters on surface quality. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... to estimate or predict coating thickness, case depth, hardness, and the likelihood of distortion. It also addresses related issues and considerations such as part handling and fixturing, surface preparation and cleaning requirements, processability, aesthetics, and the influence of design features...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
...Abstract Abstract Through-hardening heat treatment is generally used for gears that do not require high surface hardness. In through hardening, gears are first heated to a required temperature and then cooled either in the furnace or quenched in air, gas, or liquid. Four heat treatment methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... microstructure. Nevertheless, considerable care should be exercised in preparing such a specimen. The tooth needs to be sectioned perpendicular to the hardened surface. Cutting or grinding that would affect the original hardness is to be avoided. Polishing of the specimen is quite important. This polishing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract Beryllium has been successfully joined by fusion welding, brazing, solid-state bonding, and soldering. This chapter describes these processes in detail along with their advantages and disadvantages. It also addresses application considerations such as surface preparation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
..., such as improper metal flow, dimensional variation, surface finish, and any interference with runout table. However, die correction procedures require considerable practical experience. There are many ways to correct the same problem based on the skill and experience of the die corrector. It is important...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.../asm.hb.v04d.a0005970 General Considerations Stress Relief Annealing Normalizing Through Hardening and Tempering Surface Hardening of Cast Irons Critical Temperature Range of Cast Irons Temperature Control Atmosphere Control Selecting Stress-Relief Temperatures Other Stress-Relief...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... surface was smooth, having undergone considerable rubbing subsequent to fracture. Fig. CH25.1 Failed shaft showing the location of fracture In spite of rubbing, certain macroscopic and microscopic features were discernible on the fracture surface when observed in a SEM. Figure CH25.2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... oxidation leads to deboronization of wrought alloys. Some alloys can be very susceptible to deboronization. This process can affect the properties of the surface layers and can be of considerable concern, for instance, in sheet products. At temperatures used for solution treating, many superalloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... indenter from a tool with integrated weak point and cleaving d) Sharp tip from handheld diamond scribe (large lines shown on the scale are in mm for b and d). Figure 8 Tabletop back scribing Figure 9 (a) Diamond indenter touching the surface-edge of the sample, (b) 0.5 - 1mm long...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
..., and the use of a standard high carbon potential might be necessary, irrespective of the other considerations. Optimizing the surface carbon content for any property requirement is only one consideration; it is also essential to have the right case depth and quenching conditions. That said, it is apparent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the basic principles of induction heating and related engineering considerations. It describes the design and operation of induction coils, the magnitude and distribution of magnetic fields, and the forces that generate eddy currents in metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses hardening processes that involve changes in surface composition. These case hardening treatments are broadly classified into four groups: carburizing, carbonitriding, nitriding, and nitrocarburizing. Key parameters and operating considerations for each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and the effects of poorly prepared surfaces, rough textures, and complex shapes and profiles can be expected to be deleterious ( Ref 39 ). Figure 14 shows some examples in which design details could have considerably reduced the onset of corrosive damage resulting from ineffective cleaning or painting. From...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract Induction heating is a rapid, efficient technique for producing localized or through heating in a wide range of industries. The economics as well as the technical feasibility of induction heating should be important considerations prior to investing in such a system. A number...