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surface characterization

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Abstract Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Table 1 Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Technique Information Analysis depth Analysis area Detection limit Ease of use EDS Elemental <5 μm <1 μm <1 at.% Easy WDS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... that are used in high-pressure cold spray coating characterization, including residual-stress characterization. The chapter includes some preliminary screening of tool hardness and bond adhesion strength, as well as a distinction between surface and bulk characterization techniques and their importance for cold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... account of various factors pertinent to the characterization of materials and analysis of optical components, namely transmission, haze, yellowness, refractive index, surface irregularity, birefringence, internal contamination, surface gloss, and color. In addition, details on ad hoc tests used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... “ Nondestructive Testing—Metallographic Replica Techniques of Surface Examination ,” 3057, ISO, 1998 Among the various techniques used to characterize steel and cast iron microstructure, the most common is optical microscopy. In this technique, the sample is illuminated properly with visible light...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... how sintering conditions (time, temperature, and atmosphere) and compaction pressure affect the microstructure of different types of stainless steel. It also includes images of stainless steel powders, fracture surfaces, and test specimens characterized by the presence of compounds, such as oxides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Fractures in Graphite-Epoxy Material Structures , International Conference: Post Failure Analysis Techniques for Fiber Reinforced Composites , Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories, MLSE, July 1985 2. Miller A.G. et al. , “ Fracture Surface Characterization of Commercial Graphite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., and transistor probing and characterization. Once micro-probing and other localization techniques were completed that diagnosed the location of the failing circuit node, physical analysis was then performed to determine the physical mechanism causing device failure. Microprobe pads on the die surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... composition of the material, microstructure and phase analysis, and also the surface characteristics. From a failure investigation point of view, the characterization of boiler tubes entails the determination of the chemical composition of the tube material; understanding its microstructure with respect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... light within the resolution limits of the light microscope, are well characterized ( Ref 1.1 , 1.2 ). Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) raster electron beams over surface features and are capable of zooming up from macroscopic features through structures on the order of size covered by light...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.../asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250 2. Brundle C. , Evans C. , and Wilson S. , Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization , Butterworth-Heinemann , 1992 , p 128 3. Eckelmeyer K.H. , Surface Analysis , Metals Handbook Desk Edition , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1998 , p 1433...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... for the characterization of surface contaminants such as those left as etch residues. Bulk analysis and depth profiling have historically not been performed via ToF-SIMS because the pulsing of the primary beam results in very low duty cycles. More recently, orthogonal ToF (o-ToF) spectrometers have been integrated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... to its original value, while that of the ductile failure is reduced. This reduction in diameter by plastic flow near the fracture surface is referred to as necking, and it develops in ductile metals just before fracture. (In addition to percent elongation, ductility is often characterized by percent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., scratches, bridging or other defects in terminations; surface texture X-ray inspection Die size; bond wire alignment; anomalies such as missing bond wires, missing die, or presence of contamination Material evaluation and characterization Termination plating materials, molding compound, attach...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... elasticity, yield stress Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Chemical functional groups Molecular information, chemical analysis Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Surface functional groups Molecular information Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... μm and d 50 = 49 μm powders from supplier 3 yielded relatively high-porosity coatings. This result was assumed to be due to low associated particle velocities, although the fine surface satellites may also play a role. Based on the aforementioned coating characterization, no single powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... This article focuses on characterization techniques used for analyzing the physical behavior and chemical composition of thermoset resins, namely chromatography and infrared spectroscopy. The main purpose is to give sufficient detail to permit the reader understand a particular test technique and its value...