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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses surface engineering treatments, including flame hardening, induction hardening, high-energy beam hardening, laser melting, and shot peening. It describes the basic implementation of each method, the materials for which they are suited, and their effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides practical information on surface treatments that work by altering the surface chemistry of metals and alloys. It discusses the use of phosphate and chromate conversion coatings as well as anodizing, steam oxidation, diffusion coatings, and pack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...An overall comparison of various surface engineering processes Table 1 An overall comparison of various surface engineering processes Process/material Thickness/depth Surface hardness (a) , HRC Corrosion resistance Line-of-sight Substrate temperature Processing pressure Processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the process characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and applications of various processes involved in surface hardening of steel. These include pack carburizing, liquid carburizing, gas carburizing, vacuum carburizing, plasma carburizing, gas...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Table 1 Evaluation techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces Technique Information Analysis depth Analysis area Detection limit Ease of use EDS Elemental <5 μm <1 μm <1 at.% Easy WDS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Mechanical components often require surface treatments to meet application demands. This chapter describes several surface hardening treatments for steel and their effect on microstructure, composition, and properties. It discusses flame hardening, induction heating, carburizing, nitriding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... in Ref 3 ). 1400×. (d) Scanning electron micrograph. Fracture surface. 1470×. (e) and (f) 0.1% high-purity alloy (0.11C-0.0006Si-0.0009Mn, wt%). (e) Oxidized at 550 °C for 95 h (annealed surface). Picral. 500×. (f) Oxidized at 550 °C for 95 h (abraded surface). Picral. 500×. (g) and (h) 0.5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... water or a hydrocarbon solvent Wax and oil polishes minimize fingerprinting. Glass cleaner is appropriate for mirror finishes. Grease, oil Hydrocarbon solvent Alkaline cleaners may also be used in severe cases but may require cleaning the entire surface to maintain visual uniformity. More...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract The design requirements for mechanical shafts, pinions, and gears often call for features with very hard surfaces (to resist wear) based on a softer core (to avoid brittle fracture). This chapter explains how to selectively harden steel by diffusing carbon and nitrogen atoms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...-resistance characteristics (as well as mechanical properties). Cooling after sintering in hydrogen must be fast enough to avoid reoxidation of the surface ( section 5.2.3 in Chapter 5 ), which causes pitting. Carbon contents must be low enough (<0.02 to 0.03% for slowly cooled austenitic stainless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter begins with a brief review of the different types of surface treatments and coatings used in industry and their effect on properties and performance. It then discusses the importance of corrosion and wear treatments and the consequences of failing to properly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Thickness ranges and hardness levels associated with various surface-engineering processes Table 1 Thickness ranges and hardness levels associated with various surface-engineering processes Treatment Substrate Thickness or case depth Hardness, HV Local surface hardened Medium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Abstract Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... in which surface atoms of a solid metal react with a substance in contact with the exposed surface. Usually the corroding medium is a liquid substance, but gases and even solids can also act as corroding media. In some instances, the corrodent is a bulk fluid; in others, it is a film, droplets...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... of surface engineering treatments. More detailed information on the science and technology of friction, wear, and lubrication—known as tribology —can be found in Friction , Lubrication , and Wear Technology , Volume 18 of the ASM Handbook. Friction Wear Lubrication Wear Testing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter compares and contrasts surface-engineering processes based on process availability, corrosion and wear performance, distortion effects, penetration depth or attainable coating thickness, and cost. It provides both quantitative and qualitative information as well...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is a compilation of terms and definitions related to surface engineering for corrosion and wear resistance. corrosion resistance surface treatment wear resistance ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Suitable steels for induction surface hardening Table 1 Suitable steels for induction surface hardening Type of steel Chemical composition % C Si Mn P, max S, max Cr Mo Ni 1 0.33–0.39 0.15–0.40 0.50–0.80 0.035 0.035 … … … 2 0.38–0.44 0.15–0.40 0.50–0.80...