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supercritical thermal power plants

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Coal-based thermal power plants play a major role in the welfare of many nations and the overall global economy. This chapter describes the basic equipment requirements and operating principles of thermal power plants, particularly subcritical, supercritical, and ultra...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... combustion boilers, oil- and gas-fired boilers, waste heat boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers. It also describes the operation and working principle of utility or power plant boilers, covering conventional subcritical and advanced supercritical types. black liquor recovery boilers electric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... , Woodhead Publishing , 2008 4.6 Fry A. , Osgerby S. , and Wright M. , “ Oxidation of Alloys in Steam Environments—A Review ,” NPL Report MATC (A) 90, Sept 2002 4.7 Viswanathan R. and Bakker W.T. , “ Materials for Ultra Supercritical Fossil Power Plants ,” Report...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Stainless Steel Laser Cladding for Waterwalls in Supercritical Units ,” presented at the EPRI/DOE Conference on Advances in Life Assessment and Optimization of Fossil Power Plants ( Orlando, FL ) March 11–13, 2002 44. “ Boiler Tube Failure Metallurgical Guide, Volume 2: Appendices ,” EPRI TR-102433...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Investigation of a Low Temperature Superheater Tube Case Study 7—Failure Investigation of Reheater Outlet Tube Case Study 8—Failure Investigation of Primary Superheater Tube of Coal-fired Boiler Case Study 9—Failure of Final Superheater Tube in a Thermal Power Plant Case Study 10—Failure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... CR-6923, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission , Washington, DC , 2007 5.90 Anderson P.L. , Stress Corrosion Cracking of Current Structural Materials in Commercial Nuclear Power Plants , Corrosion , Vol 69 ( No. 11 ), 2013 , p 1024 – 1038 10.5006/0801 5.91 Staehle R.W...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... that occurs on the waterwall tubes of supercritical coal-fired boilers fired under low NOx combustion conditions, conducive to the production of sulfidizing environments. In the other case, stress contributes to brittle fracture in the form of intergranular cracking. The phenomenon, which is known by various...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... steels would be essential. In existing plants, problems have occurred with type 316 steel at Drakelow “C” Power Station due to distortion under conditions of thermal ratchetting ( Ref 14 and 63 ) and at Eddystone Power Station ( Ref 64 ), where cracking was due to thermal embrittlement and creep...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... , Feb 1981 , p 69 12. Reichel H.H. , Fireside Corrosion in German Fossil-Fuel Fired Power Plants: Appearance, Mechanism and Causes , Werkst. Korros. , Vol 39 , 1988 , p 54 10.1002/maco.19880390205 13. French D.N. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , 2nd...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... boilers employ a nominal 16.6-MPa (2400-psi) steam cycle, whereas most supercritical boilers employ a 24-MPa (3500-psi) cycle. Subcritical boilers use drums for steam separation, whereas supercritical operation dictates the use of the once-through type of design. In addition to the above, boiler designs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to matrix strengthening. Important copper-base alloys are brasses, bronzes, cupronickels, and silver nickels; brasses and cupronickels are used in applications of condenser tubes found in thermal power plants. In the case of brasses, copper and zinc form a solid solution of up to ~39% zinc at 454 °C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... maintenance is essential for maintaining the protective magnetite film on the ID side of the tube. However, if the concentration of the caustic or alkaline salt exceeds its threshold limit, it leads to corrosion ( Ref 6.15 ). In thermal power plants, as a part of the boiler water treatment program, sodium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... resists corrosion in reducing environments, such as HCl and H 2 SO 4 , better than CP titanium but not as well as the titanium-palladium alloy. Precious metals, such as platinum and palladium, have been ion plated, ion implanted, or thermal diffused into titanium alloy surfaces to achieve improved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., poor. (b) For magnetic alloys only. (c) For nonmagnetic alloys only Visual, dye-penetrant, magnetic-particle, and eddy current inspection are widely used for the detection of SCC. However, their use is limited to periods of plant shutdown, or to times when systems can be made available...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... applications normally use low-strength unalloyed titanium mill products fabricated into tanks, heat exchangers, or reactor vessels for chemical processing, desalination, or power generation plants. In contrast, high-performance applications typically use high-strength titanium alloys in a very selective manner...