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sulfide stress cracking

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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 2 Sulfide stress cracking of a hard weld of a carbon steel vessel in sour water service. BHN, Brinell hardness. 40× More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 3 Sulfide stress cracking of hard HAZ next to weld in A516-70 pressure vessel steel after exposure to sour water. 35× More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 36 Sulfide stress cracking of a hard weld of a carbon steel vessel in sour water service. BHN, Brinell hardness. 40× More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 37 Sulfide stress cracking of hard heat-affected zone next to weld in A516-70 pressure vessel steel after exposure to sour water. 35× More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... mechanical properties corrosion sulfide stress cracking hydrogen-induced cracking stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking hydrogen embrittlement cracking stress-corrosion cracking velocity-accelerated corrosion erosion-corrosion corrosion control CORROSION has often been considered...
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 1 Different forms of corrosion and deterioration. SCC, stress-corrosion cracking. SSC, sulfide stress cracking. HIC, hydrogen-induced cracking. Source: Ref 16 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... exhibit delayed failure in environments containing hydrogen sulfide. This type of failure is referred to as sulfide stress cracking. The basic cause of sulfide stress cracking is embrittlement resulting from hydrogen absorbed into steel during corrosion in sour environments. The presence of hydrogen...
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 8 Hierarchical decision tree for use in developing software tool for materials selection of oil and gas service applications. CRA, corrosion-resistant alloy; Env, environment; SCC, stress-corrosion cracking; SSC, sulfide stress cracking. Source: Ref 41 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... for exposure of metals and alloys by alternate immersion in neutral 3.5% sodium chloride solution. NACE Standard Test TM-01-77-86: Testing materials for resistance to sulfide stress cracking at ambient temperatures. ANSI/NACE MR0175/ISO 15156: Sulfide stress-corrosion cracking resistant metallic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... (hydrogen embrittlement cracking, also known more familiarly as sulfide stress cracking, or SSC, when involving environments that include exposure to H 2 S). A monograph of classic papers published on cracking of steels in petroleum upstream and downstream wet H 2 S environments was published by NACE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to –50 °C (–40 to –60 °F). Convenient access to the most important literature on H 2 S corrosion (particularly with regard to sulfide stress cracking, SSC; hydrogen induced cracking, HIC; and the related problem of stress oriented hydrogen induced cracking, SOHIC) and CO 2 corrosion is available...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... on the waterwall tubes of supercritical coal-fired boilers fired under low NOx combustion conditions, conducive to the production of sulfidizing environments. In the other case, stress contributes to brittle fracture in the form of intergranular cracking. The phenomenon, which is known by various names, typically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... descriptors. Cracking that results from the presence of hydrogen in a stainless steel and the presence of a tensile stress (residual and/or applied) is described as HE or hydrogen stress cracking (HSC). Hydrogen embrittlement that occurs in the presence of hydrogen sulfide is known as sulfide stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in martensitic stainless steels and describes sulfide stress corrosion resistance of type 410 weldments. hydrogen-induced cracking martensitic stainless steel sulfide stress corrosion resistance weld corrosion welding weldments MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS are essentially Fe-Cr-C alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... observed in most commercial alloy systems; however, hydrogen stress cracking usually produces sharp, singular cracks in contrast to the extensive branching observed for stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). The catastrophic cracking of steels in hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) environments, referred to as sulfide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.9781627082662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... and sulfide stress cracking). A PWHT stress relief has also been reported to be beneficial in reducing HAZ attack ( Ref 8 ). However, in other cases, avoidance through selection of appropriate material or welding procedure is the preferred remedial approach, because PWHT may necessitate temperatures high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... factor. Environmental cracking is a general term that includes corro- sion fatigue, high-temperature hydrogen attack, hydrogen blister- Glossary of Corrosion-Related Terms 505 ing, hydrogen embrittlement, liquid metal embrittlement, stress- corrosion cracking, and sulfide stress cracking. The following...