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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... denotes an unstable temper, whereas the T designation denotes a stable temper other than F, O, or H. The T is followed by a number from 1 to 10, each number indicating a specific sequence of basic treatments. T1, Cooled from an Elevated-Temperature Shaping Process and Naturally Aged to a Substantially...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... cracking uranium alloys URANIUM and uranium alloys are used in a variety of nonnuclear applications requiring metals of very high density. One of the problems encountered in the use of uranium is its very low resistance to oxidation and corrosion. Alloying allows substantial increases in corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... in these ratings. “Good” indicates optimum frequency. “Fair” indicates frequency higher than optimum that increases capital cost and reduces uniformity of heating, thus requiring lower heat inputs. “Poor” indicates frequency substantially higher than optimum that substantially increases capital cost and reduces...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... were relatively unaffected by the lower level of radiation, but were substantially degraded at the higher level. Coltman et al. (1979) concluded that these materials were essentially at the end of their useful life after the higher level of radiation. Despite the larger percentage of strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... is a single dominant effect—the substantial and, to a large extent, inherent thermal expansion mismatch between stiff, strong fibers and the lower-stiffness, lower-strength matrix. In addition, MMC fabrication, inspection, testing, analysis, life prediction, and general structural design costs will likely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., there were many claims about the better creep-rupture strength of the near-alpha or superalpha alloys, such as Ti-5Al-5Sn-5Zr, with substantially improved creep resistance over the widely used alloy, Ti-6Al-4V. One of the reasons that the early superalpha alloys, such as Ti-5Al-5Sn-5Zr, did not succeed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... that of aluminum alloys. The electrical resistivity (resistance to electrical flow) of titanium is lower than that of 17-7PH precipitation-hardening stainless steel and 10 times greater than that of aluminum alloys. Alloying elements substantially increase the resistivity of titanium and all other metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
..., which can lead to substantial economic benefits. As shown in previous chapters, the major factors inherent in the induction process (i.e., time, temperature, power, and coil/part placement) all combine to provide a repeatable, uniform process. Control of these factors enables the system to repeat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-titanium is shown in Fig. 5.6 . The modulus is 145 GPa (21.0 × 10 6 psi) when tested perpendicular to the basal planes, compared with 100 GPa (14.5 × 10 6 psi) in the direction of the α -axis. Strength also varies substantially in these test directions. Fig. 5.6 Variation of modulus ( E...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... has a profound effect on the properties of elastomers. Naturally, the first property of interest determined in a tensile test is the ultimate tensile strength. For elastomers, a class of materials that contain substantial numbers of very different polymers, tensile strength can range from as low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... with substantially reduced machining and scrap, combine to make P/M titanium products attractive alternatives to conventional ingot metallurgy, involving wrought titanium alloys, and to castings. In order to fully exploit the P/M potential of titanium, substantial effort has been made to reduce the cost...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of pitting factor throughout the exposure period. Such data provide a basis for remedial actions before substantial damage has occurred. In most cases, inhibitor dosages are determined through laboratory studies and then migrated to the field through a relatively slow iterative process. A gas pipeline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... The solubility curve for hydrogen in aluminum typically describes equilibrium conditions. No more hydrogen than indicated can be dissolved at any temperature. Control of melting conditions and melt treatment can result in substantially reduced dissolved hydrogen levels. During cooling and solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... as well as the auxiliary equipment ( Table 4 ). Quality is the basic marketing factor in the aluminum extrusion industry. Quality is a key factor leading to business success, growth, and an enhanced competitive position. There is a substantial return on investment from an effective quality-improvement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... hopper located at the bottom. The exact nature of the damage depends on the size of the slag particles and the manner in which they fall. Small slag particles usually give rise to formation of flat spots on the surface of the slanted tubes, whereas a large chunk falling from a substantial height can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... the environment and mechanical loading. Similarly, the fatigue (cyclic) capability will be reduced. There may be an interaction of creep and fatigue, owing to the temperature, stress, and time conditions. When times or temperatures exceed normal test or operating levels, alloys are exposed to substantially...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... following heat treatment. In addition to substantially improving strength, induction hardening is also very cost-effective. This is because most shafts are made in inexpensive, unalloyed medium-carbon steel that is surface hardened to case depths of 2.5 to 8 mm (0.10 to 0.30 in.), depending on the cross...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... structure of the polymer. For example, special processing techniques are used to produce polymer fibers. Such fibers have substantially greater stiffness and strength along their length than do the unoriented polymers from which they are manufactured. This is because special processing has been used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... by the delamination of fillers or fibers, or they can be localized failure around occlusions, such as rubber particles or other impact modifiers. Although stress whitening results in visually apparent changes, the load-bearing capabilities of a specimen may not be substantially reduced during stress whitening...