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subcritical thermal power plants

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Coal-based thermal power plants play a major role in the welfare of many nations and the overall global economy. This chapter describes the basic equipment requirements and operating principles of thermal power plants, particularly subcritical, supercritical, and ultra...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... combustion boilers, oil- and gas-fired boilers, waste heat boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers. It also describes the operation and working principle of utility or power plant boilers, covering conventional subcritical and advanced supercritical types. black liquor recovery boilers electric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... TR-114750, EPRI , March 2000 4.8 Hu Z.F. , Heat-Resistant Steels , Microstructure Evolution and Life Assessment in Power Plants , Thermal Power Plants , Rasul M. , Ed., Intech , 2012 4.9 Klueh R.L. , “ Elevated Temperature Ferritic and Martensitic Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., Corrosion/2000 , NACE International , 2000 34. Bakker W. , “ Root Causes of Accelerated Waterwall Wastage in Coal-Fired Boilers ,” presented at EPRI International Conference on Materials and Corrosion Experience for Fossil Power Plants ( Isle of Palms, SC ), Nov 18–21, 2003 35...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., Management of Cycle Chemistry , ASME Handbook on Water Technology for Thermal Power Systems , Cohen P. , Ed., ASME , 1989 , p 1379 3. Dooley R.B. , Corrosion of Steam/Waterside Boilers , Corrosion , Vol 13 , 9th ed. , Metals Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 990 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... • Benac D.J. and Hopkins D.N. , Investigation of Fatigue-Induced Socket-Welded Joint Failures for Small-Bore Piping Used in Power Plants , Pract. Fail. Anal. , Vol 1 ( No. 2 ), April 2001 , p 71 – 82 10.1007/BF02715165 • Benac D.J. and Page R.A. , Integrating Design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... International Cooperative Group on Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IGC-IASCC) , Nelson L.J. , Vice-Chairman, Electric Power Research Institute 6.3 Jacobs A.J. and Wozadlo G.P. , Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking as a Factor in Nuclear Power Plant Aging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... contain 0.30 to 0.40% carbon, while tool steels contain 0.60 to 1%. Carbon has two characteristics that account for the powerful effects of such small amounts. It is very low in density, so there are a great number of atoms in these small amounts of alloy additions by weight. Further, the atoms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... are among the most critical and highly stressed components of the steam power plant. Failures of rotors have resulted in a wide spectrum of damage, ranging from lengthy and costly forced outages to catastrophic bursts. Histories of known rotor failures and discussions of failure causes have been presented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of tight condensers. The drum-type boiler can handle contaminants more readily because nonvolatile solutes remain in the water for periodic removal by blowdown. Boilers also may be classified by their operating pressures relative to the critical steam pressure of 22.12 MPa (3208 psi). Thus, subcritical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...). Depending on the thermal history, cementite will appear as lamellae (with ferrite), spheroids, or globules in a ferritic matrix. Microstructures that are formed upon cooling and the proportions of each are dependent on austenitization time, temperature, cooling history of the particular alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... ). The wide variety of applications includes nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, eating utensils, oil industry tubulars, components for chemical processing and pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, automotive engine valves, cookware, boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants, and commercial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... CR-6923, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission , Washington, DC , 2007 5.90 Anderson P.L. , Stress Corrosion Cracking of Current Structural Materials in Commercial Nuclear Power Plants , Corrosion , Vol 69 ( No. 11 ), 2013 , p 1024 – 1038 10.5006/0801 5.91 Staehle R.W...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... that are not properly bonded to the pipeline and ground currents from dc sources. Electrified railroads, mining operations, and other similar industries that utilize large amounts of dc sometimes allow a significant portion of current to use a ground path return to their power sources. These currents often utilize...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... on the material without causing it to fracture. It is therefore a parameter which combines both strength and ductility. Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Ferritic steels used in power-plant components undergo a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition as the temperature is decreased. At low temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to matrix strengthening. Important copper-base alloys are brasses, bronzes, cupronickels, and silver nickels; brasses and cupronickels are used in applications of condenser tubes found in thermal power plants. In the case of brasses, copper and zinc form a solid solution of up to ~39% zinc at 454 °C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
.... The gas stream imparts its thermal energy to the bed particles, which in turn impart thermal energy to the object being processed. Fig. 8 Gas-fired fluidized-bed furnace with internal combustion. 1, insulating lagging; 2, refractory material; 3, air and gas distribution box; 4, fluidized bed; 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... vermicular graphite in absence of rare earths Zr <0.01% 0.10% max 0.10% max Kept as low as possible Promotes vermicular graphite Carbide- and pearlite-forming elements Cr 0.02–0.15% 0.04% max 0.10% max Very powerful carbide former Carbides resistant to annealing B <0.0005...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants ,” Publication 941, 2nd ed ., American Petroleum Institute , June 1977 27. Hicks P.D. and Altstetter C.J. , “ Hydrogen-Enhanced Cracking of Superalloys ,” Metall. Trans. A , Vol 32 , 1992 , p 237...