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structural element testing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... It explains how the delta phase, which is used to control grain size in IN-718, improves strength and prevents stress-rupture embrittlement. It describes heat treatments for different product forms, discusses the effect of tramp elements on grain-boundary ductility, and explains how section size and test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
..., and the finite element method. In general, regardless of what method is used, the stress-intensity factor is determined for a stationary crack having a specific crack size in an explicit structural (or test specimen) configuration. A center-crack panel, for example, would need a number of analyses (a dozen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... by multiple transducers of acoustic signals emitted by growing cracks Incidence and location of growing cracks (particularly in pressure vessels undergoing proof testing) May be applied to large structures/ plant, intermittently or continuously. Limited equipment required. Suitable for on-site use...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... elements, and heat treatment. Its crystal structure at room temperature is body-centered cubic (bcc). Pure iron transforms to a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure above 910 °C (1670 °F). Most alloying elements lower this transformation temperature. References 7.1 Chipman...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., tantalum is immune to attack by almost all acids except hydrofluoric acid. The refractory metals with a bcc crystal structure display a ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT) behavior typical of such metals. When tested below the transition temperature (that is, where cleavage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... resulting from the tempering process in the ferrous matrix, it is important to define the martensitic structure as a function of the alloying elements, especially for the carbon effect. Ferrous martensite is composed of a body-centered tetragonal crystallographic structure, with lattice parameters ( c...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., hypoeutectoid, and hypereutectoid structures and how they are affected by the addition of various alloying elements. The chapter also discusses the formation of peritectoid structures in the uranium-silicon alloy system. eutectoid structures eutectoid transformation hypereutectoid structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... of the individual strategies for quality management Co-operation with the individual lines on the development of the individual QMS elements Integration of quality management tasks into the lines, for example, testing procedures and responsibility for quality Function of quality control from the viewpoint...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... alloying. It then describes the different classes of alloying elements, their effect on mechanical properties and behaviors, and their influence on phase transitions and transformations. The chapter also discusses the role of intermetallic compounds and their effect on crystal structure and creep behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 5.1 Wikibooks , “ Material Science/Material Characterization ,” last modified May 2017 , https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Materials_Science/Material_Characterization 5.2 “ Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size ,” ASTM E112-13, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 3.01...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and collect test specimens for subsequent examination and chemical analysis. It also discusses the role of mechanical property testing, the use of nondestructive evaluation, and the final step of generating a report. failure analysis nondestructive evaluation FAILURE ANALYSIS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... them. The chapter also provides information on the testing of MEMS devices. It covers the two common challenges in sample preparation for MEMS: decapping, or opening up the package, without disturbing the MEMS elements; and removing MEMS elements for analysis. Finally, the chapter discusses the aspects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... improvement because of their highly structured architecture and use of aggressive layout rules. [1] This combination provides outstanding failure signature analysis possibilities for the entire design, manufacturing, and test process. This includes areas of study such as design and layout robustness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... steels, providing information on hardening, transformation of austenite, hardenability testing, and tempering of as-quenched martensite. austenite transformation automobile industry chromium steels hardenability testing hardening nickel steels nickel-chromium alloy steels tempering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... embrittlement, and the effect of wt% carbon on toughness. It also explains how alloying elements improve the hardenability and tempering response of plain carbon steels. alloying elements ductility hardenability steels tempering toughness THE IMPORTANCE OF TEMPERING can be illustrated through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... not. Because most alloys that do not contain aluminum as an alloying element contain zirconium additions to refine the grain structure (magnesium-manganese alloys are the main exception), commercial magnesium alloy systems can be alternatively grouped as zirconium-free and zirconium-containing. The specific...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... exposure was made in a furnace and weight gain/loss measured after test, provided much of the early knowledge of superalloys and their constituent elements. More sophisticated tests involved continuous recording thermal balances, wherein the weight changes were monitored as the oxidation process proceeded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., for structural grades that are heat treated (quenched and tempered), these three elements may have adverse effects on hardenability because their carbides are quite stable and difficult to dissolve in austenite prior to quenching. Aluminum is also an important alloying element in nitrided steels. Aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3