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structural collapse

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract Distortion failures are readily identified by the inherent change in size and/or shape. They are serious because they can lead to other types of failure or may even cause complete collapse of structures, such as bridges, ladders, beams, and columns. Distortion failures may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... on buckling and collapse. Injection-molded plastics are most often thin structures because of their manufacturing process. As a result, they are often analyzed using the simplified continuum theories of beams, plates, and shells. Two assumptions that are regularly made when the customary engineering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... C.M. , Cavitation-Induced Deformation of Aluminum , Erosion, Wear and Interfaces with Corrosion , ASTM , 1973 3. Preece C.M. , Vaidya S. , and Dakshinamoorthy S. , The Influence of Crystal Structure on the Response of Metals to Cavitation , Erosion: Prevention and Useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... service or operation, improper maintenance, improper testing, assembly errors, fabrication or manufacturing errors, and design errors. The case of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse is presented to illustrate the consequence of overlooked factors, in this case, wind dynamics, and the importance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., and the willful destruction of property. forensic failure analysis FORENSIC SCIENCE refers to that part of science that is used in courts of law for administration of justice. Service failures of machines and accidents to engineering structures result in serious, expensive, and prolonged litigations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Thus, failures have a great impact on the society and its economy. Failures of structures can occur at various locations, for instance, at home, on the road, in a machine, in an aircraft, or in a big plant. Failure of an aluminum ladder in a home, which led to personal injuries to a woman...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... twice as much as would be predicted on the basis of the decrease in cross section. Tensile strength at 0% inclusions = 27 ksi (186 MPa). Fig. 5.6 How shrinkage voids form in aluminum castings. (a) Initial void formation. (b) Collapse of shell increases void size. (c) “Wormhole” formation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... ,” Her Majesty’s Stationery Office , London, U.K. , 1975 2. Calder J.W. , “ Accident at Markham Colliery ,” Her Majesty’s Stationery Office , London, U.K. , 1974 3. Gross J.L. , Smith J.H. , and Wright R.N. , Ashland Tank Collapse Investigation , J. Performance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... and repartitioned, or redistributed, resulting in increased structural density and integrity. At elevated temperatures and under increased pressure, shrinkage voids uncontaminated by hydrogen are compressed and healed by the collapse of the surrounding structures when yield strength is reduced sufficiently...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...- and medium-frequency concentrators are usually of the same grain-oriented silicon steel used for high efficiency in power transformers and electric motors. Such steels would tend to heat dramatically in the magnetic field were it not for the fact that they are in the form of a laminated structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...Structural materials for induction heating fixtures Table A3.2 Structural materials for induction heating fixtures Material Characteristics and comments Nonmetals Diamonite (a) Aluminum oxide; very hard, dimensionally stable; standard and special shapes; resists high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., or a substance adsorbed on or absorbed in another substance. All structural metals corrode to some extent in natural environments (e.g., the atmosphere, soil, or waters). Bronze, brass, most stainless steels, zinc, and pure aluminum corrode so slowly in service conditions that long service life is expected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... vary considerably; the design function can be partially or totally affected, or the onset of failure can be gradual or sudden. The combination of sudden and total failure represents the worst catastrophic situation (e.g., explosions, fires, and total structural collapse), many of which can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... operating, psi 1,000 1,500 Collapse ultimate, psi 2,000 3,000 Collapse operating, psi 1,000 1,000 Temperature, °F (°C) 325 (163) 325 (163) Source: Ref 2 Drill pipe weight comparisons Table 7.3 Drill pipe weight comparisons Parameter Steel Composite Drill pipe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... to very large, from pinhead size to golf ball size, or even larger in some cases. The pits can completely penetrate the thickness of the metal, which may be several inches thick; obviously, this can result in catastrophic damage to the structure, in addition to destroying the functional efficiency...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... as the cooling rate increases. (d) After 35 s, boiling collapses and the convection stage begins. (e) After 60 s, the polymer starts to redissolve. (f) After 75 s, polymer film has completely redissolved, and the heat removal is achieved entirely by convection. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 6.2 Approximate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Fig. 4.7 Adhesive transfer of material to an abrasive particle Fig. 4.8 Slurry erosion in a pipeline elbow Fig. 4.9 Collapse of bubbles to create a cavitation jet Fig. 4.10 Cavitation damage (perforation) of aluminum foil after ultrasonic cleaning in water Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Foil, wire, powder Developed for bicycle and aerospace furnace braze at 730 °C (1350 °F), ductile Fig. 9.14 Basic shapes of superplastically formed, diffusion-bonded structures. (a) Reinforced sheet; one sheet. (b) Integrally stiffened structure; two sheets. (c) Sandwich; multiple sheets...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and damage to buildings, parking structures, and bridges, etc., resulting in significant repair costs and endangering public safety. For example, the sudden collapse because of corrosion fatigue of the Silver Bridge over the Ohio River at Point Pleasant, OH in 1967 resulted in the loss of 46 lives and cost...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... In the case of selective oxidation, benefit can be derived from oxide films if they are adherent, have poor electrical conductivity, and possess a complex crystal structure that hinders diffusion through them. Under certain conditions, oxidation of an alloying element can occur below the surface of the base...