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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... conditions. It describes the basic principles of air bending, stretch bending, and U- and V-die bending as well as rotary, roll, and wipe die bending, also known as straight flanging. It also discusses the steps involved in contour (stretch or shrink) flanging, hole flanging, and hemming and describes the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... deformation processes such as stretching, bending, flanging, deep drawing, and blanking. It then describes the complex tribology of AHSS forming operations, the role of lubrication, the effect of tool steels and coatings, and the force and energy requirements of various forming presses. It also discusses the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... processes involved in sheet-forming techniques, namely stretch forming and deep drawing. In addition, it provides information on some of the factors pertinent to cold-heading and hot forming of stainless long products. deformation strain hardening anisotropy sheet forming stainless steel long...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., including brake forming, stretch forming, deep drawing, and spin forming as well as roll forming, drop-hammer forming, tube bulging and bending, and superplastic forming. It also discusses dimpling and joggling and the use of hot sizing to correct springback. forming lubricants titanium alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter describes sheet metal forming operations, including cutting, blanking, piercing, and bending as well as deep drawing, spinning, press-brake and stretch forming, fluid forming, and drop hammer and electromagnetic forming. It also discusses the selection and use of die...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter provides a concise, design-oriented summary of more than 30 sheet forming processes within the categories of bending and flanging, stretch forming, deep drawing, blank preparation, and incremental and hybrid forming. Each summary includes a description and diagram of the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... metal forming processes, blanking and piercing, bending, stretch forming, drawing, rubber pad forming, and superplastic forming. hot working cold working bulk deformation rolling forging extrusion sheet metal forming blanking piercing bending stretch forming drawing rubber pad forming...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... temperatures, additives, and the effect of stretching on thermoplastics. degradation branching polymers copolymers cross-linking polymers molecular configuration thermoplastics thermosetting polymers chemical additives THE WORD polymer is the scientific name for what is commonly called a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with the design, configuration, and function of tooling and dies used to extrude aluminum alloys. It discuses basic design considerations, including the geometry, location, and orientation of die openings; allowances for thermal shrinkage, stretching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... checklists and flowcharts that can be used to monitor and troubleshoot billet-making and extrusion processes, die construction, equipment maintenance, heat treating, and sawing and stretching procedures. It also discusses the importance of charting test results and monitoring surface treatments that may be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... ability to stretch by distributing the strains more uniformly and by postponing localized deformation and fracture. Figure 4.2 shows the inverse relationship between the strain-hardening exponent, n , and yield strength for conventional and medium-strength steels. Fig. 4.2 Variation of strain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... above, additional digits, the first of which cannot be zero, can be added to the designation. Specific sets of additional digits have been assigned to the following wrought products that have been stress relieved by stretching, compressing, or a combination of stretching and compressing: Product...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... machines and equipment used, the process limits, advanced forming strategies, process simulation, and recent developments in the field of hybrid ISF, that is, process combinations of ISF with stretch forming and laser heating. Fig. 13.1 Various parts manufactured by incremental sheet forming. t...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... tensile. Sheets can be formed into complex shapes by stamping. In stampings the sheets are clamped at their edges and stretched to a final shape by a shaped punch ( Fig. 13.3 ). Draw beads control how much material from the flange is drawn into the die. Wrinkling of the finished part results if too much...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... require higher tonnages and this leads to higher loads on dies and tools, resulting in die wear and tool failure. In general, AHSS parts are designed with minimum draw depth and reduced stretch to avoid splits. Also, gentle shape transitions are used to avoid wrinkles and large radii are specified to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
.... , Bate P. , Microstructural Inhomogeneity and Biaxial Stretching Limits in Aluminium Alloy AA6016 , Journal of Materials Processing Technology , Vol 125–126 , 2002 , p 258 – 266 10.1016/S0924-0136(02)00304-7 In the tensile test, a standard size specimen, as shown in Fig. 4.1 , is cut...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... stretching and drawing components. The drawing component is responsible for springback. During bending the outer surface of the bent sheet will be in tension and the inner surface will be in compression. As bending progresses, the neutral axis shifts from the center of the cross section of the sheet metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... quench A polymer glycol solution may be used as an alternating quench medium to water to minimize distortion. After furnace solution heat treatment, the extrusions need to be stretched to both straighten and release internal quenching stresses. For stress relief, stretching between 1.5 and 3% is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... involves local deformations. During sheet forming, a piece of sheet metal is plastically deformed by tensile loads into a three-dimensional shape, often without a significant change in its thickness or surface characteristics. Examples of sheet forming processes include deep drawing, stretching, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4