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stress-strain curves

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Fig. D3.1 201.0-T6 aluminum casting, tensile stress-strain curves, various casting processes Effect of casting process. Heat treatment: 2 h at 504–521 °C (940–970 °F), 14 h at 529 °C (985 °F), water quench, 24 h at room temperature, plus 20 h at 154 °C (310 °F), air cooled. Average mechanical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... behaviors. It explains how engineering and true stress-strain curves differ, how one is used for design and the other for analyzing metal forming operations. It discusses the effect of holes, fillets, and radii on the distribution of stresses and the use of notch tensile testing to detect metallurgical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... and explains how to construct double-amplitude stress-strain curves that account for complex straining histories. For special cases, those involving complex materials such as gray cast iron or highly complex straining patterns, the chapter presents other methods of analysis, including the rainflow cycle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and quantitatively by the distribution of velocity components and strain rates. It describes the conditions associated with homogeneous deformation in a frictionless upset forging and explains how they can also be obtained using engineering and true stress-strain curves. flow stress plane stress plastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the phenomena of deformation and fracture in metals, providing readers with an understanding of why it occurs and how it can be prevented. It begins with a detailed review of tension and compression stress-strain curves, explaining how they are produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... Magnesium 0.29 Fig. 14 Use of the 0.2% offset method Fig. 16 Direction of elastic deformation Fig. 17 Areas under the tensile curve that correspond to the modulus of resilience and toughness Fig. 15 True versus engineering stressstrain curves Fig. 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and load-carrying behaviors. It compares the stress-strain curves for monolithic ceramics and ceramic-matrix composites, noting improvements afforded by the addition of reinforcements. It then goes on to discuss the key attributes, properties, and applications of discontinuously reinforced ceramic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with the methods used to quantify the effects of fatigue on component lifetime and failure. It discusses the development and use of S-N (stress amplitude vs. cycles to failure) curves, the emergence of strain-based approaches to fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... readers with the steps involved in determining strain energy release rates, stress intensity factors, J-integrals, R-curves, and crack tip opening displacement parameters. It also covers fracture toughness testing methods and the effect of measurement variables. crack tip opening displacement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
..., and triaxial state of stress contribute to brittle fracture, though all three of these factors need not be present at the same time. Toughness is defined as the ability of a material to absorb energy. It is usually characterized by the area under a stress-strain curve of a smooth (unnotched) tension specimen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... in which most metal parts are used during their period of service. As mentioned in Chapter 5, “Distortion Failures,” in this book, most structural parts can be considered as springs, because they are intended to function in the elastic, or straight-line, portion of the stress-strain curve, as shown...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... International , 1991 3.3 Tamarin Y. , Atlas of Stress-Strain Curves , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 2002 3.4 Campbell F.C. , Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys , ASM International , 2008 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.9781627082518 3.5 Smallman R.E. and Bishop...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
...(a) . The four curves, labeled curve 1 through curve 4, prominently display each of the four types of creep deformation with time at a constant tensile stress and temperature. For each curve, there is a point A that represents the instantaneous strains (both elastic and plastic) induced upon initial loading...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... of illustration, the first segment OAB of the four initial stress-strain curves are taken to be identical. Fig. 4.3 Schematic patterns of strain ratcheting under force control for (a) cycling hardening and (b) cyclic softening, and patterns of cyclic stress relaxation under strain control for (c) cyclic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... , 1948 11.30 Gladman T. , The Physical Metallurgy of Microalloyed Steels , Institute of Materials , London , 1997 Figure 11.1 shows a schematic diagram of an engineering stress-strain curve produced by tensile testing of a typical metal specimen ( Ref. 11.1 ). Engineering stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... by dividing the applied force by the original cross-sectional area A 0 of the test piece, and strain e is obtained by dividing the amount of extension Δ L by the original gage length L . The basic result is a stress-strain curve ( Fig. 1b ) with regions of elastic deformation and permanent or plastic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... is relatively easy and inexpensive to perform. Important tensile properties include yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, ductility, resilience, and toughness. 12.1.1 Engineering Stress-Strain Curve 12.1.2 Ductility 12.1.3 Resilience 12.1.4 Toughness 12.1.5 True Stress-Strain Curve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... strength-elongation space. Source: Ref 9.7 The exceptional properties of TWIP steels arise from their fully austenitic microstructure and their twinning deformation mode. Figures 9.10 and 9.11 show engineering and true stress-strain curves obtained at room temperature for a TWIP steel whose...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... concentration factor K t . If this were done, the stress/strain condition at the root would no longer lie on the stress-strain curve. In Chapter 4, “Mean Stress,” it is emphasized that the stress-strain curve must not be violated, otherwise errors will occur. It becomes necessary to develop an approach...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... Figure 18.3 shows engineering stress-strain curves for as-quenched 4330, 4340, and 4350 steels with martensitic microstructures ( Ref 18.4 ). The 4330 steel, with relatively low carbon content, showed ductile deformation behavior: significant uniform plastic deformation and strain hardening, necking...